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Since you ask about the situation around the world, as an example of such a law (kind of) the UK has the Representation of the People Act 1983 which among other clauses has: 106 (1) A person who, or any director of any body or association corporate which— (a) before or during an election, (b) for the purpose of affecting the return of any candidate at the ...


11

The journalist has (probably) committed libel, which is (mostly) not a crime in the US but can result in civil liability (i.e. B could sue the journalist). Since A and the journalist conspired to produce this fake news, they would likely share in this liability (assuming B can prove they acted in concert). To establish a case of libel or defamation in the US,...


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