Yes, they can do this as a disciplinary measure against any of its members. It is just a standard procedure to help keep discipline and order in the chambers.
The House of Representatives—in the same manner as the United States Senate—is expressly authorized within the United States Constitution (Article I,...
The House of Representatives has the constitutional authority to impose disciplinary measures on its members, including "expulsion, censure or reprimand, fines or other economic sanctions, and deprivation of seniority or committee status".
Article I, Section 5, Clause 2 of the US Constitution states:
Each House may determine the Rules of its ...
To the governmental budget obviously.
For example shown in the EU 2014 budget on Page 102 http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=OJ:L:2014:051:FULL
Fines, periodic penalty payments and other penaltie: 1 492 000 000
That's for 2013
How are those fines calculated? Since 2006 this is the EU law http://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/...
The money goes into the federal government funds, where it gets mixed with all the other sources of income and indistinguishable from money from those sources.
RedGrittyBrick explains why this money is not much when compared with the USA Federal Budget and most likely will not mean any change of policies. Now there are some possibilities of how this money is ...
Facebook was fined 5 billion dollars
The federal budget is around 3800 billion dollars, federal debt is around 22000 billion dollars.
So this is a fairly tiny amount, comparatively, and perhaps allows federal debt to grow by a tiny tiny bit less than might have been the case otherwise.