19

A useful approach, I think, is to look at the notable categories. Western style legal and political systems in the tradition of either England or Continental Europe (e.g. South Korea, Argentina, India), with (e.g. Belgium) or without (e.g. France) a constitutional monarch. This said, it isn't entirely categorical. The first draft of most of the East Asian ...


19

If you are interested in coining a neologism, then I suggest *rhothiocracy. From the Greek ῥόθιος (rhothios) meaning noisy, roaring and the usual -cracy suffix from κρατεῖν (kratein), meaning to rule. Hence a situation where power is held by those who are noisy and kick up a fuss (although they could be in a minority or in the majority). EDIT: A classicist ...


16

Probably the best fit is 'demagogy'. Demagogues always claim to speak for the people as a whole — that's how the term was ostensibly used in ancient Greece — but in reality demagogues aim to inflame the passions of an intemperate minority and use them as a stepping stone for broad power.


12

A political philosophy that is based only upon science is impossible because politics necessarily involves value-based judgements that are not falsifiable or empirical in nature You can run experiments to determine if a particular policy works as intended at achieving its goals. Just treat the particular policy as if it is a falsifiable hypothesis, e.g. ...


11

Not precisely on point, but the concept of a "heckler's veto" is the name of a voting system that allows one person's disagreement or complaint even in a large group to override decisions of the majority. For example, when I was a freshman in college, in a co-ed dorm, each floor of the dorm had a vote on whether or not the bathrooms would be co-ed ...


6

I think this rule would be A combination of Logocracy and some forms of Oligarchy Logocracy is the rule of, or government by, words. A visiting foreigner once described the US as a logocracy, by which he means that via the tricky use of words, one can have power over others. Oligarchy is a form of power structure in which power rests with a small number of ...


5

The concept you are outlining has been described in great detail by Nassim Nicholas Taleb in his book "Skin in the Game" (the whole chapter can be read freely here on his medium page), who just refers to it as "the minority rule". At least to my knowledge there is yet no fancy sounding greek/latin name for it.


5

Yes. A State Legislator is the state equivalent of a Federal Legislator such as Representative or Senator. Most states model their legislature like the federal Congress, while Nebraska and Washington D.C. do not.


5

In Canada as in other UK-style governments, the Queen is the nominal head of state and all government is done in her name. However the actual decisions are taken by the elected government, headed by the Prime Minister. The Queen is constitutionally obliged to follow the policies of her elected government. In Canada specifically the Governor General acts as ...


5

Scientocracy is a government based around basing public policies on science. One proponent of scientocracy is American physician Peter A. Ubel, who describes it like this: "Scientocracy: Policy making that reflects human nature. When I talk about Scientocracy, then, I'm not talking about a world ruled by behavioral scientists, or any other kind of ...


4

To set up this answer, let me note that anarchism is a philosophy or ideology more than a political theory. By that, I mean that anarchism asks people to think in certain ways, not to act in certain ways. Political theories outline behavior by creating structures and institutions; one can live within a political system without really understanding its ...


4

A related concept is entryism. Radical socialist groups have been known to infiltrate moderate social democrat parties with a strategy roughly as follows: The small group of radical socialists attend every single social democrat meeting. At those meetings, all of them use their right to speak. When they speak, they speak for a long time about stuff that ...


2

Aristokrati also has to be mentioned. But the problem with all of those systems where the wisest people lead is that they are not democracies. There is a Simpsons episode where all the wise people of Springfield tries to lead the city but have to resign to Mayor Quimby. Even though it is satire it explains nicely why democracy is better.


1

Rule, or misrule by the vocal minority would be a vetocracy. The minority can overrule what the majority wants by veto, essentially leaving no single person or group in control. Essentially leaving it requiring unanimous consensus. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vetocracy What you describe is a combination of electocracy/democracy and voter apathy. Most HOA ...


1

I have thought this for some years and written some texts about it: https://noncontradictingpolitics.blogspot.com/ A blog of texts that aims to construct and argue for a political philosophy/outlook that's non-contradictory. That means that it desires to be so fundamentally motivated that it's neutral "across" previous and current political ...


1

No one really, that is kind of the thing. Human history has been a series of moments where when one government collapses, a new one is created in its place. Depending on who you ask, the definition of a government is “the system by which a state or community is controlled or regulated”. According to Enlightenment thinker John Locke in philosophy, if a system ...


1

I'll make a few points in addition to @SamuelRussel's answer - which is valid, but terse and rather abstract. There is an underlying assumption in your question, which is that society is already organized with centralized coercive power (a key element of a state). You asked about charismatic leaders "taking over"... but they don't have an existing social ...


1

A lot of other people have pointed out the difference between direct democracy and representative democracy already, but one thing I like to point out is that direct democracy (people directly voting on important issues) and representative democracy (people vote for representatives who represent them) don't have to necessarily be exclusive. There is semi-...


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