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107

The FEC raised contribution limits for the 2020 election cycle to $2,800 for each election period. The primary and general election each counts separately, so for both of those elections the maximum individual contribution someone can give to a single candidate adds up to $5,600. See also this announcement from OpenSecrets.org.


67

Partial frame challenge if you like. Fox News has chosen an interesting year to highlight. As you can see, US voluntary contributions have varied a lot; only $112 million in 2011 (and similar in 2014) for example. A portion of these are also "earmarked funds", i.e. WHO can't spend them as they please, but only as the donor specifies, so e.g. the US DoD ...


28

It's important to distinguish between the BLM network, co-founded by Patrisse Khan-Cullors, Alicia Garza, and Opal Tometi, and the BLM movement, which is a far less well-defined collection of anti-racism groups and individuals. The New Yorker describes the latter as "eschewing hierarchy and centralized leadership". The BLM movement has a very loose ...


23

Because that's the legal limit. You can give $2,800 per election, so $5,600 would be a combined primary/general limit. https://www.fec.gov/help-candidates-and-committees/candidate-taking-receipts/contribution-limits/


23

These Authorizations are how Congress tells NASA what to do. The bill is not "required" because if a new one isn't passed, there's no change in the orders the agency has from Congress. The bill was introduced because the sponsors want to give new directions to the agency and it is being deliberated and modified because all the Congresspeople who need to ...


22

Re. assessed, rather than voluntary contributions, this article goes into the funding calculation basis, for the UN as a whole (the WHO being part of the UN). The reason it's relevant is that, in political discourse, the US's share of UN contribution often comes up and it is definitely part of the general pattern of discussion on this type of subject. ...


22

Best-case scenario? Fox News thinks the Wall will save lives by making it more difficult for cartels to bring drugs into the USA. Middle-of-the-road scenario? Stanford put an actual monetary figure into play with its research: for every 19 cents we spend on this wall, it will give about 1 cent worth of benefit to low-income US workers. Oh, and it wouldn't ...


12

Not all departments are affected by the shutdown since Congress has already passed appropriations for some departments. These include: Department of Energy (funded by H.R.5895) Department of Veterans Affairs (funded by H.R.5895) Department of Defense (funded by H.R.6157) Department of Labor (funded by H.R.6157) Department of Health and Human Services (...


8

The CDC itself is federal agency, so as such it receives all of its funding from the Federal Budget. Unless you want to get into (more or less philosophical) discussions where the Federal Budget money comes from, that's all there is to say on this matter. And if you do want to ask about the latter, please ask separately. Besides the CDC, there exists a ...


8

Identifying an Unknown Disease, and Understanding the Transmission of Disease Between Bats and Humans The research was funded by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Disease (a part of NIH). It was intended to research the risk of new SARS-like diseases coming from bats in China. A quick google search located an (non-academic) article on the ...


8

It's not that USA pays a lot, it's that China is stingy. That probably has to do with a perceived western bias in the UN (citation needed) which China doesn't like (citation needed). For example look at the data quoted in an other answer: Without going into calculations and sources, we see that Germany pays more per capita than the USA (80/328 population ...


8

Some browsing through their site yielded this: For longer-term research projects, we benefited from funding by the Volkswagen Foundation and the German Academic Scholarship Foundation. Other funders and clients include the Stiftung Mercator, Fritz Thyssen Foundation, the Open Society Foundations, and the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation ...


7

I'm just curious how hard an override of the veto to restart the goverment is? Very hard. It requires 67 votes in the Senate (assuming that there are no vacancies at the time and no one fails to vote) and 290 votes in the House (making the same assumptions), i.e. two-thirds majorities in each house. The one vacancy in the House doesn't change the ...


7

A pragmatic explanation comes to mind: less AIDS in the US. Because people travel to and from the US, occasionally have sex with locals while doing so, and don't always protect themselves. But for the most part it seems to have been about international PR and having a clearer strategy: In 1998, while pondering a run for the U.S. presidency, he [G.W. Bush]...


6

To add to Denis de Bernady's excellent answer, it's also the same reason Google spends money on giving people free search, free email, and free WiFi. It's not out of the goodness of their hearts, it's because the more people using Internet, the better off Google's business model (advertizing) works. Similarly, USA benefits when more people worldwide engage ...


6

According to the Constitution, Congress has the power: To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years; So, without a constitutional amendment, there is no way to fund the military without passing at least a military spending resolution at least once every two years. But this also implies ...


5

I'm looking for an average or estimation of how much money public libraries cost a typical American taxpayer. That figure is not directly available. However, available data may be used to derive an estimate. For 2017, per capita taxation amounts to about $39.35. Using the number of housing units as a surrogate for "taxpayer," the average is about $93.67. ...


5

Some parts of the government do indeed work that way. Most notably, Congressional salaries Unlike other federal employees, senators and House members continue to get paid through a government shutdown. That’s because their salaries are literally written into the Constitution. Article 1, Section 6 specifies, “The Senators and Representatives shall receive ...


4

Congress has passed H.R5895 and H.R6157 with Fiscal Year 2019 (FY19) appropriations for these departments. Both bills are signed into law by President Trump. Department of Energy (funded by H.R.5895) Department of Veterans Affairs (funded by H.R.5895) Department of Defense (funded by H.R.6157) Department of Labor (funded by H.R.6157) Department of Health ...


3

A normal vote is all that is needed. A constitutional amendment is needed to prevent it from being possible. The house originates the bill. It then goes to the Senate for changes/approval. Once the House and Senate have a bill to pass, they send it to the President to sign (bill is law) or veto (goes back). If it goes back then the bill requires a 2/3 ...


3

The electoral bond is an instrument, a bearer instrument similar to a bank note payable to anyone and free of interest. Unlike the trading market, these bonds can be purchased by anyone and when I mean, anyone, is anyone in India. Foreigners can't access to these bonds. The bond is authorized by the State Bank of India and is available in multiple types: INR ...


3

Constitutional amendment. I'm adding this answer because a lot of the existing commentary is getting lost in the weeds. The fact is that any "mere legislation" that seeks to prevent government shutdowns indefinitely is subject to ongoing legislative review and repeal (think of the concept of the "nuclear option") in a way that the Constitution thankfully ...


2

Are US territories getting the same degree of Federal support without paying as much in taxes? Let's look at Puerto Rico: Here's a chart that better shows US states compared to Puerto Rico in terms of what they get back and what they contribute: Transfers to Puerto Rico, which is a US territory not a fully incorporated state, exceeded 290%. Where did ...


2

Does Pakistan have the legal authority to stop the Coalition Forces, from using their current military bases and order all foreign troops to leave the country? Pakistan is a sovereign state and its government therefore has the legal right to enact laws and enforce them on its territory. This includes the rights to expel foreign nationals. Like all such ...


2

Depends on how far you want to go to "prevent". No law could prevent a future Congress from undoing past law... Save a Constitutional Amendment. And even that is subject to ...further amendment. But: The shutdown occurred because no funds were appropriated for certain purposes. I do not see why law could not be enacted authorizing and making ...


2

As Fizz's answer points out the CDC is a federal agency and as such is funded by Congressional Appropriations - however this is not the only source of funding. Looking at the most recent data at time of writing (FY 2018) the CDC received direct gifts of $11,477,767 - mostly from Universities and other charitable foundations. The biggest donor was GAVI ...


2

Before you frame this question, you should be aware that individual candidates are less important and parties are more important to campaign finance in most other countries. In the US, the various contenders for their party's nomination first fight each other for a year, and then the winner has to build a coherent campaign for the general election out of the ...


1

In my country India, the law on elections (Representation of Peoples Act, 1951) mandates a cap on the spending in the election campaigns. Thus legally a candidate cannot spend more than INR 70lakhs ( nearly 0.1m USD) for elections to the popularly elected lower house ( known as Lok Sabha)of the national legislature. Similarly expenditure limits have been ...


1

Congress will occasionally do "continuing resolutions" (CR) which provide funding based on previous year funding. It would seem that they should be able to pass a law that stipulates an "automatic CR" such that if a consensus cannot be achieved, then a CR is automatically passed. This would solve the problem. But, then they wouldn't get so much media ...


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