108

No such guarantee would be meaningful if the US administration and congress change their opinion. Whatever they write in law or sign, they can undo -- if not legally then in practice. The US had ratified a treaty with Panama about who had control over which part of the Canal zone, yet they deposed Noriega. The US had given security guarantees to Ukraine ...


44

The U.S. is likely to become less involved in the Middle East and Asia. Japan will need to secure oil supplies. Peter Zeihan has given many speeches over the last decade about how demographics and fracking affect geopolitics. Many of these speeches are on YouTube. In these speeches, he argues: The U.S. established a world order in 1945. The U.S. paid ...


22

The major misconception here is that, from the information I've been able to gather, the US was never formally at war with North Korea. It and the United Nations intervened in the Korean War on South Korea's behalf, to prevent the North from wiping it off the map. There is therefore no need for the US to sign a peace treaty with North Korea because a state ...


17

Yes, such guarantees are called Mutually Assured Destruction. As long as a country can reasonably presume that an attack on foreign territory will result in severe annihilation of their own civilian population, they will do everything in their power to prevent such a conflict. As an example - the US never went into a direct war against the USSR and is ...


16

Sure. Everyone gets a perspective, so if, to you, that constitutes political censorship, then I can see how that argument gets made. But the flip side of that argument is true also. If the majority of those 200,000 accounts were bots meant to stifle speech from their political opponents, then the argument can be made that Twitter is trying to do something ...


15

Abe visiting Iran is not necessarily a sign that Japan is working against the United States. For all we know, the Donald Trump administration asked Abe to negotiate with Iran on their behalf. Think Progress: Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s visit to Iran on Wednesday marks the first time a leader from Japan has gone to Iran since the 1979 ...


12

Any answer will be a bit speculative, because causation is very hard to prove. Changes in Iran's security and foreign policy since Trump repealed the nuclear deal include the following points: Iran restarted its nuclear military program, breaching a cap set in the nuclear Deal for the first time in July 2019 when it enriched uranium to 4.5%. Tensions ...


11

The other answer seems to miss an important historical context here, also described on Wikipedia: The organization was founded to facilitate shared macroeconomic initiatives by its members in response to the collapse of the exchange rate 1971, during the time of the Nixon shock, the 1970s energy crisis and the ensuing recession. The G6 was formed in 1975 ...


11

The answer(s) to a question like this are pretty obvious and not unique to the oil industry: It employs a lot people domestically; almost 900,000 directly, if the industry lobby can be believed. (I'm offering the industry figures here, because the official BLS data is extremely badly organized on this; the derrick operators or "rotary drill, oil and gas" ...


10

A market, a manufacturing base, a source of raw materials, and a network of allies Not everything that a country does is always defined by narrow self-interest. However a more economically developed Africa would be an expanded market for China to trade with. African countries are already major suppliers of raw materials. China would like to obtain these ...


10

The correct term for a service voluntarily removing content from its own site is moderation. Some form of moderation is basically essential if you want to run a communications service between humans, because otherwise the service will be drowned in spam. This was true in the days of USENET and it remains true now. It's impossible to remove all spam, but the ...


8

The US lack of economic interest in Africa is probably a consequence of its lack of military interest, combined with lingering effects of the Monroe doctrine. For much of the 20th century after WW2 and the end of colonialism, the US #1 military interest was anti-communist, both against the Soviet Union and China. This led to the Vietnam and Korean wars, the ...


8

The 2018 CARI paper concludes that China is not a big source of distress overall for Africa. It does not exclude that it might be for some African countries. The BBC summarized an earlier iteration of that paper in this respect: In 2015, the China-Africa Research Initiative (CARI) at John Hopkins University identified 17 African countries with risky debt ...


6

I think that there a few intermingled issues in this question: Chinese model - authoritarian government, more or less free economy (in their case especially considering safety net, while technically there are plenty of gov owned companies). Yes, this model tend to work, something similar worked well in Europe during industrial revolution or in Chile under ...


6

I think this has more to do with economics than politics. Trade occurs because one country has something another country needs. The classic apples/oranges example of comparative advantage comes to mind. Thus, the likely answer is, Africa simply doesn't offer very much that the U.S. needs. As to why (and this is mere supposition), it makes sense that Afro-...


6

In theory, the US could enact a treaty (or any other policy statement) as a Constitutional amendment, which could only be nullified by another amendment (or a Constitutional convention). In practice, no such amendment would ever pass for any reason short of complete subjugation, in which case the guarantee would not be necessary. A defense pact (mutual or ...


6

It's a bit of everything. The state of Israel came into existence during a period of intense violence in Palestine between Jews, Arabs, and British authorities. This coincided with an era of Arab Nationalism, in which many Arabs identified strongly with other Arabs and weakly with their nationality. many of these nations were only a few years old at ...


6

The Wikipedia page for the Group of Seven states an answer (emphasis added): The G7 is composed of the seven wealthiest advanced countries. The People's Republic of China, according to its data, would be the second-largest with 16.4% of the world net wealth, but is excluded because the IMF and other main global institutions do not consider China an ...


5

Because USA's position as global superpower is being threatened. In 1948 USA launched Marshall Plan, economic assistance initiative to help rebuild Western Europe. While propaganda machine loves to claim otherwise, it was not out of goodness of the heart. With discontent by previous national governments and bad post-war living conditions, revolutionary ...


5

Antisemitism does not equal anti-Israeli sentiments. Antisemitism is about Jews and the religion of Judaism. You will find that amongst Muslim communities, Judaism is a highly respected religion. Judaism is, along with versions of Christianity, considered Ahl-al-Khitab, meaning "people of the book", and are recognized as legitimate religions deserving of ...


5

Once upon a time, the U.S. invited the entire world to make such assurances. The U.S. State Department explains that the U.S. suggested the Kellogg-Briand pact because it would be politically correct, but (in practice) far less binding than a bilateral alliance with France. And in practice, the pact did nothing to prevent World War II.


5

It depends by what you mean by "acts alone". You seem rather unaware of the level of moral support she and the broader school-strikes-for-climate movement has received: On 31 January 2019, more than 3400 scientists and academics signed an open letter in support of the school strikes in Belgium.[97] The letter reads "On the basis of the facts supplied by ...


5

This has been explored by Berens et al. [1], from the Reputation Institute, the publishers of the annual RepTrak country reputation rankings. In their chapter in the International Place Branding Yearbook 2011, they provide an overview of their methodology, which seeks to measure a country's reputation in much the same way that one might measure the ...


4

Only if censoring propaganda counts. Propaganda is information that is not objective and is used primarily to influence an audience and further an agenda, often by presenting facts selectively to encourage a particular synthesis or perception, or using loaded language to produce an emotional rather than a rational response to the information that is ...


4

In general, it cannot be done. We call nations "sovereign" for a reason. They retain the ability to do as they like, limited solely by their willingness to pay the price for their own actions (e.g. sanction, war). The closest one might get would be to add an eternity clause to the constitution. These are self-referential clauses which strive to make a ...


4

While no guarantee, a country could try to join NATO. The key element of the North Atlantic Treaty preventing attack from the US would be Article 5. Article 5 The key section of the treaty is Article 5. Its commitment clause defines the casus foederis. It commits each member state to consider an armed attack against one member state, in Europe or North ...


4

"Legally" is such a strong word. "In practice until somebody big and bold enough comes along, and the world sits on its thumbs until then" is the more normal rule. Examples abound of one country occupying and perceiving that it owns, for all practical purposes or outright, some other territory. A few examples with varying degrees of merit follow. Some of ...


4

Depends on how long they last, and how far ahead the citizen thinks. Many first world countries have fully or partly privatized pension systems, where each citizen should save some income during working years to spend during retirement. How much to save depends on what you think you'll need, how old you expect to get, and on the interest rates. Lower or ...


4

Greta Thunberg's rise to fame is because she is VERY driven in her conviction to combat climate change. She has autism and as such can have a laser focus on her passions. You seem to have missed in the Wikipedia article that Greta started with an essay at school. That essay was published in a major Swedish newspaper, and she was then contacted by a Swedish ...


4

This is something for the recipient country to decide. They might consider sufficiently harsh economic sanctions an act of war, or they might not. Quoting from Wikipedia's article on casus belli, A casus belli played a prominent role during the Six-Day War of 1967. The Israeli government had a short list of casūs belli, acts that it would consider ...


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