74

If necessary, Congress can pass a spending bill without the president's support. Currently Trump claims he will veto any bill which doesn't include funding for the wall. However if two-thirds of each chamber of Congress agree, they can override a presidential veto and end the shutdown. The current Senate has already passed a spending bill without funding ...


74

The Short Answer Strictly speaking, you are correct: a government shut down does not involve the government "running out of money." A more accurate statement would be that the government isn't allowed to spend its money. The process for raising and spending public money involves checks and balances (many of which were inherited from Britain, some of which ...


73

Rather than trying to address the claim of who is to blame, I will focus on the part of the question asking for the spefic actions that were taken and give you timeline of events to let you decide for yourself who deserves how much of the blame. 19th December, 2018: Senate passes without any dissent by voice vote a bi-partisan short-term spending bill ...


64

First, slavery has literally nothing at all to do with whether or not someone is paid, nor with how much they're paid. Slavery and involuntary servitude are forced labor, not unpaid labor. If you are paying someone millions of dollars but threaten to kill them if they quit, that's involuntary servitude. If you pay them nothing but they're free to walk away, ...


59

To address the technical question, FEC will not function during shutdown: https://www.fec.gov/updates/shutdown-announcement-2018/. Like many federal agencies, the FEC will be unable to provide any services during the government shutdown. Most agency staff will not report to work, and the agency’s offices will be closed to the public. ... You will be ...


59

If Congress has the 2/3 votes to override a Presidential veto, they can pass any budget they want with zero consideration for what the President thinks. Ever since the Impoundment Control Act of 1974, the President no longer has the authority to refuse spending Congressionally allocated funds. Therefore Republicans are free to end the shutdown by agreeing ...


52

Forcing a government shutdown doesn't get Trump any budget for anything. It's the threat of a government shutdown with which he hopes to force Congress to cooperate. A government shutdown happens when Congress and President can not agree on a budget plan. The result is that the executive branch of the US government is unable to provide most of its services, ...


41

I’m sure there is something that I am missing (certain vote percentages, loopholes, who knows), but to me the logic seems that if Republicans had the ability to pass the funding measure and then didn’t, wouldn’t the shutdown be the Republicans fault? I think there are a couple things: first, the new Democratic majority; and second, the filibuster/cloture ...


35

It’s for “procedural reasons to preserve his right to bring the bill up again”. This article from the Washington Post explains why former Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid always seemingly vote against his own party. It's that somebody on the winning side of the cloture vote — in this case, the side voting against cloture — has to file a "motion to ...


35

The government shutdown is caused by a lapse in funding for government operations and agencies. The Antideficiency Act mandates that the government cannot incur "obligations or the making of expenditures (outlays) in excess of amounts available in appropriations or funds". As explained by The Hill, this act "provides the framework for which government ...


34

If Congress - House and Senate - cannot agree to a bill with 2/3 majority, two years go by, and there will be new elections for all House seats (and about a third of the Senate). Some voters will be annoyed with the shutdown, and vote for someone who is more interested in ending it. If that is not sufficient, two more years will go by, and more people will ...


25

Does it mean that this party is unable to agree between its members in Congress and its President? This doesn't really have anything to do with the president. Sixty votes is the threshold to invoke cloture on most votes, including this one. Trump has nothing whatsoever to do with cloture. He can neither block it nor grant it. It's entirely a Senate ...


25

This isn't really that difficult: It's a typical standoff in which neither side wants to budge. Democrats could vote for the wall, but haven't. So, sure, it can be considered at least partially their fault. That's not to say Trump isn't to blame, either. But, if ending the shutdown were enough of a priority, then Democrats could simply vote for the money for ...


24

The NORAD Santa tracker will operate as normal, according to the NORAD official twitter webpage (@Norad_Northcom) In the event of a government shutdown, NORAD will continue with its 63-year tradition of NORAD Tracks Santa on Dec. 24. Military personnel who conduct NORAD Tracks Santa are supported by approximately 1,500 volunteers who make the program ...


20

Does he not have the power, as President, to overrule the government? No. Congress controls the budget. In order to spend money, Donald Trump (or any president) needs Congress to appropriate it. From the constitution: The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common ...


19

Passing a spending bill in the Senate requires bi-partisan cooperation because it requires overcoming a 60-vote requirement. The President demanded that any spending bill include a line for $5 billion (about 0.13% of the total yearly spending) for a border barrier (which he colloquially called a "wall"). The Republicans were willing to include the line ...


17

They can, with 2/3 majority in both houses (US Constitution, Article 1, Section 7, clause 2)...but they have to agree to actually hold that vote. Currently, the Senate has indicated that it will not do so, without the bill being something the President will not veto. So effectively, they are choosing not to create a scenario where they would have the option ...


16

If they were to override his veto, would this end the shutdown, or would the President somehow be able to continue it anyway? This would end the shutdown. I wonder if there is any argument that, even if Congress allocates money for the Government, it is up to the President to decide whether to actually spend it. Congress appropriates money for specific ...


15

To put in context that OP could understand, the US federal Government is similar to the government offices of the European union. I'm not saying the function or structure is similar, but I'm illustrating how far it is from the affairs of the normal citizen. For example, I look out my window and my street is plowed, the highways are salted, the local ...


13

The shutdown doesn't really save the government much money. The pay that is currently being withheld from exempted employees is guaranteed to be paid to them once the funding is there, and Congress has always voted in the past to send back pay to the non-exempt employees as well, and has indicated it will do so again now. Besides that, while the shutdown ...


13

Elections are run by individual states and are certified by Congress, the core process wouldn't change. The FEC is a regulatory body that focuses primarily on campaign finances, they aren't really responsible for the core functions of elections. Candidates would still be responsible for following FEC rules, though there may be no auditing/enforcement during ...


11

Shouldn't we get a refund or a part of our taxes back when this happens? No. When the government is funded again the things they would have paid for anyways would still be paid (i.e. salaries). Federal employees furloughed during the shutdown in 2013 did receive back pay for the 16 days the government remained closed. Congress included a provision in its ...


11

Can it last forever? The shutdown continues until a bill passes both houses and is either enactes by the president or passed through the veto override procedure. Theoretically, the stalemate could never be resolved, and the government might fail or something, or maybe 2/3 of the state legislatures call for a constitutional convention in order to try to fix ...


10

There are a few things to realize about the US governmental system, that Europeans often don't get. The first is that these shutdowns are not that unusual. There have been shutdowns of some kind under pretty much every president in modern times. (Of course that begs the question "Why hasn't there been outcry every time one happens", but people do get used to ...


9

The thing being blocked is actually a continuing resolution (CR) for appropriations and not a budget. See this answer or this editorial for details. To answer the core of the question, Democrats have said (for several months now) that they will not provide votes for any CR (or other appropriations bill) unless there is a legislative replacement for DACA. As ...


9

He is doubling down on his wall commitment. For years we have heard mister Trump speak about the border wall, it has been one of his major campaigning points. When you talk about the wall you immediately associate that with mister Trump. If he backs down now it would seem as if he deems other things more important than his main campaign issue. By sticking ...


9

Yes, Congress passed a bill requiring all federal employees, including furloughed workers, be paid retroactively after the government reopens. The bill was signed into law by President Trump. The summary of the Government Employee Fair Treatment Act of 2019 is as follows: This bill requires employees of the federal government or a District of Columbia ...


8

His objection was on the grounds that he was expecting a quick resolution to the government shutdown. As he said on the floor of the Senate when Ms. McCaskill's resolution was made [1]: We passed similar legislation during the government shutdown back in 2013. My hope is that we can restore funding for the entire government before this becomes necessary. ...


8

Yes, Schumer did indeed say this. Here is a video, the relevant quote is this: In exchange for strong DACA protections, I reluctantly put the border wall on the table for discussion. Even that was not enough to entice the President to finish the deal This also explains why the deal was offered. Schumer wants DACA, and is willing to compromise on other ...


8

Usually? A government shutdown is used to force the other political party's hand on a legislative issue by causing the public noticeable harm such that they pay attention to the issue at hand (usually grouchily). The first shutdown came in 1976 when Gerald Ford vetoed a bill to fund the Departments of Labor and Health, Education, and Welfare because he felt ...


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