75

This is not true, in a universal sense. In general it's true that, in government as in other fields, the higher up you rise, the higher your salary is, but what's much more important is the field you're in, and it's relative value (to the state/country) and competitiveness. If you look at US States, for example, you'll see that the Governor is almost never ...


45

Many identity documents contain pictures. These pictures will not be very useful after several decades. German identity cards are valid for 10 years if issued after the 24th birthday, but only for 6 years if issued earlier. Many identity documents contain security features which evolve over the years. Decades-old documents will no longer be state of the art ...


39

There has been a steady decline in enforcement of tax laws against the wealthiest individuals since the Reagan administration. The people who stand to lose if the tax laws are adequately enforced have bought themselves some democracy and managed to get legislators (mostly Republicans) to cut enforcement funding from the IRS and to also legislate rules that ...


38

This is a simple countermeasure against identity theft, falsified documents, and fraud more generally put. Someone who successfully falsifies a document is whatever the document says they are until they are confronted by an official who can (in)validate the document. An expiration date guarantees that everyone is periodically forced to confront an official. ...


37

This is not caused by the US government in general, this is caused by the Republicans who have been in control of the House for most of the past three decade. Republicans are ideologically opposed to a strong government and want to minimize taxes in general. Thus for ideological reasons they tend to view the IRS as an enemy: it's the agency in charge of ...


34

I'm afraid that in all the cases I know of, that is a figurative rather than literal statement. Specifically, in the case of RBS, it is "owned" by NatWest group (as subsidiary company) which is majority owned by UK Government Investments which is owned (at arm's length) by Her Majesty's Treasury. The implication writers are making is that ...


32

The Federal government of Ethiopia has 12 PhDs. The names are listed below: Abiy Ahmed (PhD) Prime Minister Kene’a Yadeta (PhD) Minister of Defense Getahun Mekuria (PhD) Minister of Education Lia Tadesse (PhD) Minister of Health Samuel Urkato (PhD) Minister of Science and Higher Education Sileshi Bekele (PhD) Minister of Water, ...


31

Assuming we're allowing past governments - at the beginning of 2011, the second Merkel Cabinet (Germany) included twelve ministers with PhDs or other doctoral degrees. Unfortunately, only ten still retain their degrees, as in February 2011, Karl-Theodor zu Guttenberg's doctorate was withdrawn by the University of Bayreuth after plagiarism was discovered (see ...


28

There's two things going on here: First, democracy isn't so much a single structure, but rather a concept that expresses itself in ranges. Experimentation with new governmental structures does actually happen, and these include structures which are slightly more, or slightly less 'democratic' in nature. The result of this isn't revolutionary change, but ...


24

People have been trying to create "something better than Democracy" for at least the past century and it hasn't worked very well The 20th century was the bloodiest century in human history in large part because people were trying to implement alternatives to the set of socio-economic arrangements we broadly call "democracy" that they ...


22

It depends on what one means by "we" and "pay the government back for the stimulus checks". The stimulus are not loans, so recipients don't have to pay the government back directly, like one would with, say, a student loan. However, the stimulus checks have been so far paid for by increased government debt, which means that taxes that we ...


21

The requirement is to win a vote of confidence in the Knesset, not 61 votes in particular. According to Israel's basic law: (d) When a Government has been formed, it shall present itself to the Knesset, shall announce the basic lines of its policy, its composition and the distribution of functions among the Ministers, and shall ask for an expression of ...


20

There are experiments underway. Iran is working hard to develop a country that is both theocratic and a representative democracy. Afghanistan and Iraq have also recently adopted constitutions with this objective, and Morocco and Egypt have toyed with the idea. Nigeria's federal system has given rise to a system in which Northern states in the Sahel have ...


19

The leader of a community stands as a reflection of the community. This isn't just about heads of state: every leader from tribal chiefs and village mayors up knows that when outsiders look at them as individuals, they are evaluating the community as a whole. Consider what it would say about the US if the President met with foreign dignitaries wearing a Men'...


19

The Iranian government has many PhDs as well. (At least 20!) President Dr. Rouhani obtained a PhD degree in Constitutional Law in 1999 for a thesis titled The Flexibility of Shariah (Islamic Law) with reference to the Iranian experience. First Vice President Eshaq Jahangiri Kouhshahi received a PhD from Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, ...


16

"Owned by the Taxpayer" is figurative statement based on the idea that anything the government has control of is the property of tax payers as a whole. It's based on the same logical progression as ideas like Governments wasting "your" money on policy ideas you don't care about. Such as the Tax and Spend your Money headline from Fox ...


14

Usually legislative bodies will have some sort of orientation handbook or process for newly elected members. In your example of New Hampshire this is actually written into legislation - Title 1 Chapter 17C of the New Hampshire Revised Statutes establishes a committee on legislator orientation with a responsibility: To prepare, print and distribute a ...


13

A simple reason is because we age. Most of the identity documents have some form of photo on them and as you age you are going to look less and less like the person in the picture. One of the simple solutions to that is to is to have the document expire after a certain time so that a new more accurate picture can be taken. This is an issue that varies in ...


11

Consider an identification document that doesn't expire, issued to someone around the person's 18th birthday. Now imagine that 70 or 80 years have passed. How easy or difficult will it be to conclude whether the document describes the 88- or 98-year-old person presenting it? The consensus is that one must draw the line somewhere. Requiring frequent ...


10

We want our government leaders, whether politicians or public servants, to be able to give peak performance in their roles. Good pay does not guarantee this, but it does help reduce many concerns: We want them and their families to be able to afford good health care, so that they remain healthy, do not stress about their family members' health, and do not ...


10

The theoretical answer is because it is either hard or impossible. Why aren't there fishes that swim 2000 miles/hour and mammals that weigh 3000 tons? Because certain realities (physics, chemistry, biology) make it impossible to work. Simply saying "make a governance system that is better" is not enough. You need to propose specific system, with ...


9

Speculation aside, for the Netherlands we can answer this more directly. That's because the de facto law is also a de jure law. The "Wet Normering Topinkomens (WNT)", better known as The "Balkenende Norm" after the Prime Minister at the time, states that no civil servant can earn more than the Prime Minister. The law was introduced in ...


9

I'm Brazilian. Our democratic government is relatively very corrupt, and has been for a long time. We do have a working free press, so a lot of corruption gets publicly exposed. Over the last few years we've begun seeing high level officials jailed, up to and including the President. That's an improvement in my opinion - when I was a kid in the 90's very ...


9

The Caliph is the rightful religious and secular leader of the ummah, the community of muslims. As such, declaring yourself Caliph is at a minimum demanding token submission from all other muslim leaders; if not declaring them illegitimate and proclaiming rightful direct rule over their countries. Saudi Arabia enjoys cordial diplomatic interactions with many ...


9

All that is needed is a successful vote in the the Knesset, which has 120 members. If everyone votes, then a majority is 61. But in this case, one member (Said al-Harumi from Ra'am) abstained, so the vote was 60 to 59 - still a majority, although not an absolute one.


9

The IRS is one of the government agencies that regularily steps on the wrong toes - those of people who have money, influence and connections. At the same time it doesn't have any active programs that directly benefit any of those people, because it doesn't do the spending side. As a result, it has few people who speak or lobby in its favour and many who ...


8

If the 62% share of RBS makes a profit for the government, this ought to mean the government doesn't have to raise as much in taxes, which means taxpayers can pay less (in proportion to the amount they would pay normally), while the non-taxpayers will continue to pay nothing. Similarly, if the owned item makes a loss, it will be the taxpayers who will ...


7

This question misunderstands the nature of colonization. During the Colonial period, European nations saw Africa, Asia, and the Americas as 'open' unclaimed land. Colonizations was mainly done by private individuals and corporation, subsidized and authorized by European nations. These nations established Colonial boundaries by treaty among themselves — ...


7

Just to correct you slightly, as this is an important point - Michael Gove was not found to have acted illegally, but unlawfully. The distinction is that the Court found (judgement) that the decision to award the £560,000 contract to Public First "gave rise to apparent bias", making it unlawful - as opposed to actual bias, which would be a ...


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