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65 votes

Why does the Islamic Republic of Iran view the US as its principal geopolitical adversary in the world?

The CIA had an Iranian PM removed in a coup in 1953. The venal, sordid and unedifying reason? A dispute about oil royalty payments. It also supported the Shah, which had a rather notorious secret ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
64 votes

Has there ever been a successful shift from a two-party system to a multi-party system in modern history?

New Zealand switched from first-past-the-post to "mixed member proportional representation (MMP)" starting in the 1996 election (https://nzhistory.govt.nz/politics/fpp-to-mmp). Seats won by ...
user103496's user avatar
  • 5,543
44 votes

Are there any wars other than the 2023 Israel-Hamas War that are named after a country and a political party?

"Houthi–Saudi Arabian conflict" is the current title of a Wikipedia page. The Houthis are only a faction in Yemen, but they claim to be the legitimate government, IIRC. Their own wiki page ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
33 votes

Total tax burden on the average American and how has it changed over the years

Short Answer I have heard that in the last 50 year the tax burden has approximately doubled. This has certainly not been the case as a percentage of income. This is also not true as a percentage of ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 82.6k
26 votes
Accepted

When was the last/prior time a former PM served in another (non-PM) position in the UK government?

The instance in the 1970s was when Alec Douglas-Home came back to serve as Foreign Secretary in the Heath ministry in 1970, just under six years after leaving the office of Prime Minister in 1964 ...
CDJB's user avatar
  • 108k
25 votes

Is there any historical evidence of conventional (non-guerilla) warfare techniques defeating hybrid guerilla warfare cost-efficiently?

Cost-effectively isn't that important a metric. Let's say you use a $500K missile to take out a $10K Toyota pickup truck with 6 AK-47 wielding guys. A really rich country can, to an extent ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
24 votes

Has a bill ever failed a house of Congress unanimously?

There's been 2 such bills as per the data on the GovTrack website. H.R. 3989 (105th): User Fee Act of 1998 failed to pass with 0 votes in favor and 421 votes opposed. Even the bill's sponsor (Gerald ...
JonathanReez's user avatar
  • 50.9k
22 votes
Accepted

Why and where is Mohamed Bazoum sitting down in a small, round, cold room next to a portrait of (a young) John F. Kennedy? Is the event identifiable?

This is file footage taken from a December 15th 2022 Associated Press interview with President Bazoum, on the sidelines of the United States–Africa Leaders Summit 2022 held in Washington D.C. Bazoum, ...
CDJB's user avatar
  • 108k
19 votes

Have there ever been any programs or other efforts from Israel just to grant a citizenship for "safe" Gazans?

About 20% of Israeli population are already Palestinians. Some Palestinians get Israeli citizenship via marriage (e.g., this recent article mentions a relative of a high Hamas official married to an ...
Morisco's user avatar
  • 24.5k
18 votes

Has there ever been a successful shift from a two-party system to a multi-party system in modern history?

France France, though formally a multi-party system, was for about half a century essentially a two-party competition between the socialist party (Parti socialiste) and the right-wing gaullist party ...
Morisco's user avatar
  • 24.5k
16 votes
Accepted

What sources imply that the office of President was deliberately excluded from the 14th amendment?

Question #1: What sources imply that the office of President was deliberately excluded from the 14th amendment? The words President and Vice President were in the first draft of Article 14 section 3, ...
JMS's user avatar
  • 4,899
16 votes

Why does the Islamic Republic of Iran view the US as its principal geopolitical adversary in the world?

No US administration has ever vowed to annihilate Iran. Sure, but the [current] US administration essentially supports "regime change" over there. “Don’t worry, we’re gonna free Iran,” ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
15 votes
Accepted

Have there ever been any programs or other efforts from Israel just to grant a citizenship for "safe" Gazans?

There is a process for permanent residents of Israel to become citizens. It is a long and drawn-out process, potentially taking years, much longer than the process of citizenship by immigration for ...
AAM111's user avatar
  • 366
14 votes

Are there any wars other than the 2023 Israel-Hamas War that are named after a country and a political party?

Here is a good site enumerating the way wars in history have been named previously: https://www.historyguy.com/naming_of_wars.htm In brief these are the 10 different ways wars tend to get named. A ...
Chthonic One's user avatar
13 votes

To what was "victor's justice" used to refer to between 1971-1983 and 1991-2008?

If you go through Google Books for the 1990ies, you quickly can see a common pattern. These texts mostly use the term "victor's justice" as a reference to the post-WWII tribunals, especially ...
ccprog's user avatar
  • 8,392
13 votes

Is there any historical evidence of conventional (non-guerilla) warfare techniques defeating hybrid guerilla warfare cost-efficiently?

The cold war examples (you gave) have the insurgents having safe havens and being [rather] freely resupplied by some neighboring country. And even the Taliban in the 2020s benefited from double play ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
12 votes

Is there any historical evidence of conventional (non-guerilla) warfare techniques defeating hybrid guerilla warfare cost-efficiently?

Not sure its possible to address the exceeding prohibitively aspect of this without defining what resources to include. However, one might include the Malayan Emergency in this category. For sure, the ...
code11's user avatar
  • 1,384
12 votes
Accepted

What does this 2009 Ukraine map actually depict?

The map has a bit of a history. This article sources the map from a Pravda article (no longer available online), but claims it is originally from Italian Limes magazine, and a basically identical one ...
ccprog's user avatar
  • 8,392
10 votes

Has a bill ever failed a house of Congress unanimously?

Yes, in the Senate. I am not sure about the US House of Representatives. However, for the Senate there is a recent one. The Green New Deal. It received 0 yes votes and 57 no votes. Introduce on ...
David S's user avatar
  • 3,116
10 votes
Accepted

Has the downing of a spy airplane ever been a justifying ground for waging war or causing an escalation that might lead to war?

This kind of thing really depends on the country being spied on. Are they looking for an excuse to go to war? If so then sure, they'd absolutely cite this as a casus belli. Otherwise they won't (but ...
Allure's user avatar
  • 35.7k
9 votes

Is there any historical evidence of conventional (non-guerilla) warfare techniques defeating hybrid guerilla warfare cost-efficiently?

Yes, if the dominant country doesn't care about human rights and doesn't need to fear (or just doesn't care about) diplomatic repercussions from other strong countries doesn't need to fear that their ...
vsz's user avatar
  • 2,663
9 votes
Accepted

Why doesn't India claim this portion of Kashmir?

I think I've found the answer in Chapter 7: The Disputed India–China Boundary 1948–1960 of the book War and Peace in Modern India by Srinath Raghavan, although the following information can be found ...
StarfishPrime's user avatar
9 votes
Accepted

Did the USSR and other communist countries fund the hippie movement?

Maybe... The Soviets did fund anti-war movements. If they specifically funded hippie movements, it is harder to say. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_influence_on_the_peace_movement The former ...
David S's user avatar
  • 3,116
9 votes

What sources imply that the office of President was deliberately excluded from the 14th amendment?

With respect to JMS's excellent answer, it doesn't specifically tell you where you can read the text of the previous draft of the amendment. You can find the text on page 919 of The Congressional ...
Ian Campbell's user avatar
8 votes

Were only two hours allowed for general discussion in the Congress for the 22nd Amendment (two term restriction)?

From Article I Section 5 of the US Constitution: Each House [of Congress] may determine the Rules of its Proceedings, punish its Members for disorderly Behaviour, and, with the Concurrence of two ...
Kevin's user avatar
  • 9,423
8 votes

Have there ever been any programs or other efforts from Israel just to grant a citizenship for "safe" Gazans?

The problem with this idea is Israel's Zionist tenets. If they admit large numbers of Palestinians, the Israeli state will cease to be controlled and dominated by a majority who are so-called Jewish ...
Steve's user avatar
  • 6,781
7 votes

Do American elections affect the level of US foreign support?

Do American elections affect the level of US foreign support? Yes. All decisions regarding how much foreign aid and support the U.S. provides is ultimately made by federal elected officials or people ...
ohwilleke's user avatar
  • 82.6k
7 votes

What does this 2009 Ukraine map actually depict?

So, just to add a bit more clarity here on the Limes issue. It's an Italian magazine that publishes in both Italian and English. The reason for this is a bit obvious if look that its editor/director, ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar

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