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7

I will repost my answer to the very same question on money.stackexchange: Depends on your definition of "fiscally targeted", but in Slovakia, refusing compulsory vaccination(s) was an offence (priestupok – infraction or misdemeanor, whatever is the correct equivalent) and could be fined up to 331€. Source (discussing plans to remove the fine and ...


20

Australia targeted the parents of unvaccinated children and teenagers by withholding tax credits if they were not immunised according to the national schedule, or on an approved catch-up plan to do so, or with an approved medical exemption. Wikipedia summarises the 'No Jab No Pay' policy quite well, including its history, arising from decreasing immunisation ...


77

Yes, in Jacobson v. Massachusetts (1905) the United States Supreme Court upheld the right of the state to fiscally target unvaccinated individuals. Massachusetts had enacted the following law in relation to the smallpox vaccine: The board of health of a city or town if, in its opinion, it is necessary for the public health or safety shall require and ...


2

As to 'the circumstances surrounding the implementation of this law', according to this 2013 statement by the then Home Secretary Theresa May, there's no law involved: There is no entitlement to a passport and no statutory right to have access to a passport. The decision to issue, withdraw, or refuse a British passport is at the discretion of the Secretary ...


2

First, let's disentangle two concepts: A state is a political unit, where a particular government exerts legitimized control over a particular physical territory. 'Legitimized control' basically means that there is broad agreement at home and afar that this government has a right (in the sense of natural right or divine right) to exert that control. A ...


6

In the case of Scotland and Ireland they retained their own legal systems and were not incorporated into the jurisdiction of England and Wales. Being a separate legal jurisdiction can be a large factor in retaining the idea of being a distinct country (albeit in a unitary state) as can having a - to some extent - different culture which has developed in the ...


12

Northern Ireland had no devolved government for a total of 1,097 days after Deputy First Minister Martin McGuinness resigned on January 9th, 2017 in response to the Renewable Heat Incentive scandal. This period ended when the Northern Ireland Assembly resumed on January 11th, 2020 after talks between party leaders & Julian Smith, then-Secretary of State ...


23

Belgium has gone the longest time without a federal government in peacetime, 592 days* without a government following the election in May 2019. * counted from the collapse of the Michel coalition in December 2018 Belgium has also been 541 days without a government following the election in June 2010.


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