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80

A bit of background is necessary. Recently India passed the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). It allows only non-Muslim illegal immigrants from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan to get citizenship on the grounds of religious persecution. The CAA itself is controversial because they exclude Muslims. Also, to understand the full power of CAA, you need to ...


72

There is no one answer because some agencies are more efficient than others. For example, Medicare is much more efficient in processing and paying medical claims than private insurance companies are at the same task. Medicare devotes just 1.4% of expenditures for administrative costs (a more skeptical analysis that used a broader definition of ...


59

It is important to understand the vast geopolitical differences between the two situations of India and Pakistan developing nuclear weapons and North Korea developing nuclear weapons. India/Pakistan Nuclear Development Following Indian defeat in the Sino-Indian War, India decided that it needed some unconventional arms - nukes - to counter China's stronger ...


56

why aren't more of the leading nations of the world stepping in to help make amends between these two countries and try to actively solve the recent Kashmir issue? Many of the “leading nations of the world” have stronger incentives to either not to get involved, or encourage the conflict further. Aside from India and Pakistan, there are several “leading ...


39

More nuclear powers mean less stability. There used to be two. Then five or possibly six. But France and the UK were closely allied with the US, so adding them to the mix didn't complicate things very much. The US and the USSR faced each other with vast intercontinental arsenals, the Brits tried to menace Moscow in case Washington got wobbly. These days, ...


32

President Obama gave a speech at Carnegie Mellon in 2016 where he responded a bit to the idea that government should be run more like a Silicon Valley business, which often comes up when government efficiency is mentioned: The final thing I’ll say is that government will never run the way Silicon Valley runs because, by definition, democracy is messy. This ...


28

The Citizenship Act of 2019 gives refugees who have fled persecution in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan a path to Indian citizenship, but it only applies to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian refugees. Muslims are not eligible. This is a charged issue because many people living in India have no documentary proof of their citizenship. It ...


27

I wonder if there is a branch of feminism which has taken up the cause against sex-selective abortion? All branches of feminism are against infanticide, and many are against sex-selective abortions. However, most western feminist groups are unlikely to make it the center of their activism, as it is not a large problem in the west. One example of a ...


26

Just like anything else, most things humans do arise out of incentives. A private company employee has incentive to be efficient because if they are not, their manager has incentives to fire them, and replace them with a more efficient employee. A private company manager has incentive to do that because efficiency has direct impact on productivity and/or ...


25

India India is not only claiming a permanent seat in the Security Council, but also that there's need for a general reform of the Council. Asoke Kumar Mukerji, India's permanent representative at the UN, recently (April 2013) stated: Mukerji described as "truly bizarre" that while nearly 80 per cent of the work of the Security Council is focused on the ...


24

History provides the answer, such as it is. You can read a lot about it at Wikipedia on Kashmir and Kashmir Conflict. There was no country called India when the colonialists arrived. The regions was a network of independent states. While the British ruled directly in some places, in other parts of India rulership was by local kings (Maharajas) under ...


24

An entire international body designed for restricting trade of nuclear materials was created in response to India's first test, and the US did impose sanctions on India for their tests in the 90's. The reason India specifically hasn't been punished much is because they otherwise have a good nuclear record and claim to want stronger non-proliferation treaties....


23

Sedition, the technical legal term for what you're talking about, is prohibited by section 124A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). This dates all the way back to the colonial era, and was originally used to suppress people pushing for India's independence from Britain. The Supreme Court of India ruled in 1962 that section 124A was constitutional, but that ...


20

This question depends on two definitions: When is a country "bigger" than another? Land area? Population? Economical strength? When do you count a country as a "democracy"? Just having a voting mechanism doesn't make a democracy. When the vote is meaningless or designed in a way that the ruling party has an unfair advantage, it hardly matters. Also, there ...


20

It's all down to business, none of these 3 countries wanted to antagonise bilateral relations with India. Russia has historically been and remains India's largest defence partner. India was the single largest export destination of Russian arms. Negotiations were already in place to sell the Indians an aircraft carrier and a bunch of fighter jets. In ...


20

I will try to touch on all aspects here. Historical: As you have rightly pointed out, Kashmir was ruled by a Hindu ruler during that time(Maharaja Hari Singh). Now, Hari Singh was a stupid ruler. The British had given the Princely states the choice between the two dominions at that time. Hari Singh intentionally delayed his decision. Obviously, the ...


19

Others have noted the issues with incentives and competition, but there is actually another reason, which is dis-economies of scale. Back in 1937 economist Ronald Coase asked the deceptively simple question: "why do companies exist?". He reasoned that if the open market was the most efficient way of getting things done then firms (i.e. companies with lots ...


18

This is hardly "coming out of nowhere"! There have been ongoing disputes between China and India since 1948, (and probably since 1948 BC!) There are several claim lines between China and India, and a vaguely defined "Line of Actual Control" (which as the name suggests can move as each side controls different sections of land.) The region is mountainous and ...


16

When I was in school and read about the population problem of the country, I thought that every problem in the country is because of this huge population. I thought that if population can be controlled, most of the problems can be solved. I had the same question, why Government does nothing to control it. Now, after growing up, I have seen and experienced ...


16

There are plenty of reasons to be worried about all these countries having nuclear weapons. From a selfish position in Europe, it seems most likely that India and Pakistan would use their weapons against each other. North Korea threatens South Korea, Japan and the USA — I have more personal connections with those latter countries. Looking at the rhetoric, ...


15

As a comparative assessment of India's independence in 1947 versus the wave of African decolonisation in the 1960s - existing civil infrastructure and the extent to which vested tribal interests had been crushed prior to independence influenced whether a newly re-independent country could or would proceed along democratic grounds. India already had ...


15

As this article explains, Doklam sit at the intersection of India, China, and Bhutan. Starting in June, a tiny piece of strategically important and until-now obscure Himalayan territory sitting at the intersection of India, China, and Bhutan became the site of the one of the most serious border standoffs between New Delhi and Beijing in three decades. As of ...


13

Mass cultural change is a sociology question with political ramifications and consequences. Internet adoption, new video recording and television screens, new populist media channels, social networks and new communication systems, are the new driving force channeling the age old religious fervor of India into organized militant factions and sparking mob ...


12

I heard a prominent university professor say on the radio the other day that we shouldn’t worry about North Korea going nuclear, because Pakistan and India both went nuclear peacefully - is this an accurate comparison? Not really. The professor on the radio ignored something pretty important: Pakistan may not have nuked India, but the problems with North ...


12

He was apparently considered too controversial for the standards of the committee. To summarize the page that @yannis indicated: In 1937 Ghandi's nomination received a not very enthusiastic review report from Jacob Worm-Müller saying that "He is a freedom fighter and a dictator, an idealist and a nationalist. He is frequently a Christ, but then, ...


11

While it is true that India did play a huge role in giving Bangladesh freedom, history is not derived from one act or event alone. To understand the sentiment today it can be broadly broken down into the following two sets of reasons: Historical Reasons: Within four years of the liberation, the army (allegedly with the support of the Pakistani ISI, ...


11

This is a burning issue recently. I will try to cover all bases here. TLDR: The region of Jammu & Kashmir is a Muslim-dominated state with a sizeable minority population. Its last Hindu king chose to join India in 1947 as the British left India. The newly created Pakistan wanted the region as it was Muslim dominated. Since then both nations have used ...


11

These countries basically all use the Westminster parliamentary system of government which is modelled after the UK parliamentary system. This parliamentary system is mainly used by former British Empire colonies upon gaining independence and Pakistan, India, and Bangladesh were all formerly ruled by the British. Both India and Pakistan gained independence ...


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