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83

A bit of background is necessary. Recently India passed the Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA). It allows only non-Muslim illegal immigrants from Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Afghanistan to get citizenship on the grounds of religious persecution. The CAA itself is controversial because they exclude Muslims. Also, to understand the full power of CAA, you need to ...


72

There is no one answer because some agencies are more efficient than others. For example, Medicare is much more efficient in processing and paying medical claims than private insurance companies are at the same task. Medicare devotes just 1.4% of expenditures for administrative costs (a more skeptical analysis that used a broader definition of ...


72

Are there any tangible benefits for India going to Mars with respect to common people? Rhetorical question: Are there any tangible benefits for India maintaining the Taj Majal with respect to the common people? Bulldoze it down and sell the land to developers. That's a bit over the top as the Taj Mahal is definitely a plus to the Indian economy. But what ...


59

It is important to understand the vast geopolitical differences between the two situations of India and Pakistan developing nuclear weapons and North Korea developing nuclear weapons. India/Pakistan Nuclear Development Following Indian defeat in the Sino-Indian War, India decided that it needed some unconventional arms - nukes - to counter China's stronger ...


57

why aren't more of the leading nations of the world stepping in to help make amends between these two countries and try to actively solve the recent Kashmir issue? Many of the “leading nations of the world” have stronger incentives to either not to get involved, or encourage the conflict further. Aside from India and Pakistan, there are several “leading ...


52

Longer range missiles could conceivably be sea-launched, as an SLBM, from a standoff position. Having a more capable platform would give that option. (India does have SLBMs but not necessarily of same family) as others have pointed out, a longer range allows India to site its missiles in safer areas, rather than on their borders. Current geo-politics can ...


40

More nuclear powers mean less stability. There used to be two. Then five or possibly six. But France and the UK were closely allied with the US, so adding them to the mix didn't complicate things very much. The US and the USSR faced each other with vast intercontinental arsenals, the Brits tried to menace Moscow in case Washington got wobbly. These days, ...


37

Whether true or just politically convenient they have blamed the slow ramping of Covid vaccine production on the US banning exports of some necessary equipment and materials: The two main vaccine manufacturers, SII (which makes the local version of AstraZeneca's vaccine called Covishield) and Bharat Biotech (which makes Covaxin), [theoretically] can ...


32

President Obama gave a speech at Carnegie Mellon in 2016 where he responded a bit to the idea that government should be run more like a Silicon Valley business, which often comes up when government efficiency is mentioned: The final thing I’ll say is that government will never run the way Silicon Valley runs because, by definition, democracy is messy. This ...


31

The term "non-aligned" (as opposed to simply "neutral") is an historical product of the Non-Aligned Movement (NAM), which in turn was a response to the Cold War. Although the NAM still exists formally and India is still a major member, it is considered much less relevant now that the Cold War has ended. More generally, the end of the Cold ...


29

I wonder if there is a branch of feminism which has taken up the cause against sex-selective abortion? All branches of feminism are against infanticide, and many are against sex-selective abortions. However, most western feminist groups are unlikely to make it the center of their activism, as it is not a large problem in the west. One example of a ...


28

The Citizenship Act of 2019 gives refugees who have fled persecution in Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan a path to Indian citizenship, but it only applies to Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi, and Christian refugees. Muslims are not eligible. This is a charged issue because many people living in India have no documentary proof of their citizenship. It ...


27

Firstly "glory" is not nothing. When the Indian Cricket team beat England, people are happy, and being happy is good. That joy is a tangible benefit for people. Modi says When our cricket team wins a tournament and returns, the entire country rejoices but this achievement is a thousand times greater, There are tangible benefits in the ...


26

Just like anything else, most things humans do arise out of incentives. A private company employee has incentive to be efficient because if they are not, their manager has incentives to fire them, and replace them with a more efficient employee. A private company manager has incentive to do that because efficiency has direct impact on productivity and/or ...


26

Well, The Indian Express interviewed the man waving the flag, who appears to be a member of the Virginia Republican Party’s State Central Committee. The flag bearer was later identified as 54-year-old Virginia-based entrepreneur Vincent Xavier Palanthigal, who moved to the United States from Kochi in 1992. A member of the Virginia Republican Party’s State ...


26

@JamesK and @DavidHammen answers are pretty good, but there is still another important aspect: Space technology and military technology are pretty much interconnected. By developing a space industry, a country can develop high-end rocketry and other military-important technology: for less money (like, say, 100x less without the military/secrecy/etc bonus) ...


24

An entire international body designed for restricting trade of nuclear materials was created in response to India's first test, and the US did impose sanctions on India for their tests in the 90's. The reason India specifically hasn't been punished much is because they otherwise have a good nuclear record and claim to want stronger non-proliferation treaties....


23

History provides the answer, such as it is. You can read a lot about it at Wikipedia on Kashmir and Kashmir Conflict. There was no country called India when the colonialists arrived. The regions was a network of independent states. While the British ruled directly in some places, in other parts of India rulership was by local kings (Maharajas) under ...


23

Sedition, the technical legal term for what you're talking about, is prohibited by section 124A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC). This dates all the way back to the colonial era, and was originally used to suppress people pushing for India's independence from Britain. The Supreme Court of India ruled in 1962 that section 124A was constitutional, but that ...


22

This question depends on two definitions: When is a country "bigger" than another? Land area? Population? Economical strength? When do you count a country as a "democracy"? Just having a voting mechanism doesn't make a democracy. When the vote is meaningless or designed in a way that the ruling party has an unfair advantage, it hardly matters. Also, there ...


21

I will try to touch on all aspects here. Historical: As you have rightly pointed out, Kashmir was ruled by a Hindu ruler during that time(Maharaja Hari Singh). Now, Hari Singh was a stupid ruler. The British had given the Princely states the choice between the two dominions at that time. Hari Singh intentionally delayed his decision. Obviously, the Pakistani ...


21

Stability is the basis of the security council system. The inclusion and exclusion of countries from the security council is a consequence of the allies in world war two, not of "fairness" or "balance", and not even of "power" or "wealth". Adding new permanent members would weaken France and Britain. Adding new ...


20

It's all down to business, none of these 3 countries wanted to antagonise bilateral relations with India. Russia has historically been and remains India's largest defence partner. India was the single largest export destination of Russian arms. Negotiations were already in place to sell the Indians an aircraft carrier and a bunch of fighter jets. In ...


20

This is hardly "coming out of nowhere"! There have been ongoing disputes between China and India since 1948, (and probably since 1948 BC!) There are several claim lines between China and India, and a vaguely defined "Line of Actual Control" (which as the name suggests can move as each side controls different sections of land.) The region is mountainous and ...


19

Others have noted the issues with incentives and competition, but there is actually another reason, which is dis-economies of scale. Back in 1937 economist Ronald Coase asked the deceptively simple question: "why do companies exist?". He reasoned that if the open market was the most efficient way of getting things done then firms (i.e. companies with lots ...


19

Well, the Bombay Presidency draws its 2nd half of the name from the fact that provinces of India were at one point called "presidencies" under (early) East India Company rule. During the period of Company rule in India, 1757–1858, the [East India] Company gradually acquired sovereignty over large parts of India, now called "Presidencies"....


17

As a comparative assessment of India's independence in 1947 versus the wave of African decolonisation in the 1960s - existing civil infrastructure and the extent to which vested tribal interests had been crushed prior to independence influenced whether a newly re-independent country could or would proceed along democratic grounds. India already had ...


16

When I was in school and read about the population problem of the country, I thought that every problem in the country is because of this huge population. I thought that if population can be controlled, most of the problems can be solved. I had the same question, why Government does nothing to control it. Now, after growing up, I have seen and experienced ...


16

There are plenty of reasons to be worried about all these countries having nuclear weapons. From a selfish position in Europe, it seems most likely that India and Pakistan would use their weapons against each other. North Korea threatens South Korea, Japan and the USA — I have more personal connections with those latter countries. Looking at the rhetoric, ...


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