139

To remove such rights would be unfair. But while the reservations have a particular context, self-determination for ethnic minorities is not so unusual. The Native American and First Nation peoples were moved to reservations as a deliberate policy of "ethnic cleansing" in the 19th century. The various tribes were given limited rights to self-governance on ...


59

James K's answer is excellent, but I want to expand further on how tribes are organized presently. However in the 21st century this appears to be quite an archaic concept, since in theory all citizens are supposed to be equal rather than receiving certain privileges simply because of their race or ethnicity. I know you are from Europe, so you may be ...


58

However in the 21st century this appears to be quite an archaic concept, since in theory all citizens are supposed to be equal rather than receiving certain privileges simply because of their race or ethnicity. All citizens of a nation, perhaps - and this is by no means a universally held or implemented belief. (Just ask Saudi women, people under 18, Arab ...


27

The Wikipedia article on indigenous peoples contains various definitions. There are basically two key ideas: The indigenous population is culturally distinct from the prevailing society in the region. There is historical continuity from something that predates the prevailing society to the indigenous group. For the most part, ethnic Europeans living in ...


24

Native Americans (like everyone else) register to vote in the state they are physically based in -- if they can provide an address, which can be difficult. Voter registration rules differ between states. Many Native Americans, especially those who live on reservations, do not have traditional street addresses. This has resulted in voter registration ...


21

In some parts, such as in British Columbia, the First Nations never signed any treaties with the Government of Canada. For example, see this page on the Kitselas Administration. Even if the government declares a particular reservation, some native tribes may decline to acknowledge that the Government of Canada has the sovereign right to do so. In British ...


21

Your premise is flawed, Native Americans do have representation in the Senate. Any Native American that is a citizen of the United States has two senators that represent them in the Senate, based upon the state that they reside in. Then there is the rather racist definition of "representation" which requires that someone of the same skin color, ...


18

You seem to use "traditionalist" to mean "pagan". However, the religious beliefs of the indigenous Europeans are principally Christian. The traditional beliefs of the Europeans are for the most part Christian. The State Media of the various countries are required to "reflect indigenous cultural [not only religious] diversity" So in the UK, the "state ...


14

Source: Wikipedia Further information: Native American name controversy Common usage in the United States Native Americans are more commonly known as Indians or American Indians. The term Native American was introduced in the United States in preference to the older term Indian to distinguish the indigenous peoples of the Americas from the ...


11

Native American tribes are part of the United States, but have a special status in a lot of circumstances. Tribal/reservation land is under federal jurisdiction, but they have their own government for day to day operations. Tribes are recognized by the U.S. as independent, but they lack a real level of sovereignty from the federal government. Native ...


9

As noted clearly in the Wikipedia article about Section 51(xxvi) of the Australian constitution, the purpose of the section was within the broader enumeration of federal powers, to allow the commonwealth to discriminate against everyone except Aboriginal (and thus presumedly Torres Strait Islander) peoples. This of course meant that the power to ...


8

Since The White House is not in the practice of publishing who the President talks to and what they discuss, we can only speculate at this point, but there are some likely possibilities. The Daily Beast reported that Trump adviser Matt Schlapp has been working as a lobbyist on behalf of a Rhode Island casino that would compete with the new casino, if it ...


7

Another reason is inertia. Indian is a legal term established by long use; the word permeates Title 25 of the United States Code, which is even called Indians. For at least one chapter, chapter 21, the term is explicitly defined (at 25 USC 1903(3)). Replacing or rewriting this code would be a huge undertaking. In comparison, Canada has undertaken to make ...


6

A Google news search for the past 25 years, as well as a BIA (Bureau of Indian Affairs, the agency which negotiates Native American issues with the US government) news search has not uncovered any news "Native American independence" groups or movements. A group calling itself The Lakota Freedom Delegation exists and is seeking a "Republic of the Lakotah" (i....


6

State-Owned Media Many European states have a stronger tradition of public radio and TV stations than e.g. the United States (where the PBS is very much a niche channel). The British BBC or the German ARD are much more visible in public life. Then there are some East European states which are accused of sliding into authoritarianism. A highly controversial ...


5

Since so-called "cultural appropriation" generally involves the use of aspects of a minority or disfavored culture in creative works by a non-member of this culture, no tribal government in the US could prohibit or significantly regulate such "appropriation". The provisions of the First Amendment to the Federal Constitution, guaranteeing freedom of speech ...


4

Reservations exist in a weird quasi sovereign nation status. Indians living on a reservation are considered U.S. citizens and citizens of that particular tribe. Courts have generally held that due to this dual nature tribes have immunity from federal civil cases, most of the time, and are not subject to laws of States the reservation is on. The exception to ...


4

The relationship between the Native American nations (there are many, not just one) and the US are (theoretically) at least vaguely similar to those between the nations of Europe and the European Union. Each of them is a separate nation that has signed treaties to cede some specific rights to the "larger" government entity. There are certainly differences--...


4

Generally yes While I don't know a whole lot about it myself, according to some poking around on the internet, this is what some elders have to say: I think it's fantastic [to do Acknowledgement of Country ceremonies], ten years ago we weren't even acknowledged. -- Warren Mundine Further, politicians continue to back it. [Acknowledgement of Country] says ...


3

Short answer: they are subject to some of the provisions in the Bill of Rights, but not all of them. As part of the Civil Rights Act of 1968, Congress passed legislation called the "Indian Civil Rights Act" which clearly stated which rights persons living in and subject to Indian tribes were entitled to. These rights included: 1st, 4th, 5th, and 6th ...


3

Possibly... The case of "Native American Church v. Navajo Tribal Council" looked at whether the duties of the First Amendment on the government applied to Tribal Government. The conclusion was that the Tribal Governments are not part of the US, but subject to it. So the Constitution of the US does not apply to the US tribal regions, or to those under their ...


3

No. The Acquisition of Easements over Native American Lands For Transportation Project provides an excellent summary that includes: ... when lands are held in trust for Native Americans ... the recourse to use eminent domain is not available, except in rare instances and then only through the Federal courts. This places an emphasis on resolving and ...


2

It's not only an American issue. In Canada the "correct" term is First Nations. When starting out as a developer, one of my first jobs was to modernize the tribal database and genealogy management software of an Indian Tribal Council. (Specifically these guys: https://nuuchahnulth.org/). I noticed that all of their terminology used Indian, e.g. %Indian ...


2

Federal and State Roles Tribal compacts with states must be approved by the tribe, the state government and the U.S. Congress, in accordance with each body's internal procedures. The United States Constitution provides at Article I, Section 8, Clause 3 that Congress has the power: To regulate Commerce with foreign Nations, and among the several States,...


1

The Federal government has given them suffrage, special exemption from taxes, and their communities are largely self-governed No. The British colonialists and later the Canadian government made treaties with some Indigenous groups, but most of Canada is still "unceded" territory, notably British Columbia:


1

Your link says: Two issues stand out as significant drivers of the Liberals' loss of support among Indigenous voters. Just 25 per cent say Trudeau has done very or fairly well in improving the welfare and living conditions of Indigenous people, while 46 per cent say they are "very angry" at the removal of Jody Wilson-Raybould, Canada's first Indigenous ...


1

The largest problem is that both names fly in the face of how actual tribal members identify themselves. Both names have a common component, "American." But the tribes identify themselves individually as Cheyenne or Apache, not commonly based on continental grouping. The American grouping is an artificial construct of the Europeans. The name itself is ...


1

Should every tribe get a Representative and two Senators? As of the 2010 census, Wyoming was the US state with the smallest population: 563,767. The two largest Indian tribes, the Cherokee and Navajo, have about 300,000 members. Then there are 560 smaller Federally recognized tribes, with populations down to the 8 members of the Augustine Band of Cahuilla ...


1

In modern world the anti-governmental, revolutionary and separatist movements are usually very weak or non-existent in the absence of external support. As such one has to wait for a foreign power to be interested in supporting separatism in the USA before such movements could gain prominence. But most of foreign countries that may be potentially interested, ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible