107

No such guarantee would be meaningful if the US administration and congress change their opinion. Whatever they write in law or sign, they can undo -- if not legally then in practice. The US had ratified a treaty with Panama about who had control over which part of the Canal zone, yet they deposed Noriega. The US had given security guarantees to Ukraine ...


96

The answer is right in the Wikipedia page you cited (emphasis added): War reparations are compensation payments made after a war by the vanquished to the victors. The United States has not been vanquished in a war, so it has not been in a situation where it would make a payment to a victor of a war. Being “vanquished” implies not merely “losing” a war, ...


75

This is usually left for the historians to sort out. The key point at which something is a "war" is when potentially lethal unprovoked violence is not treated as a criminal matter, but as a military matter. Therefore, in the US civil war, nobody thought of prosecuting the union and confederate soldiers for "murder" even though they ...


74

I think there are two main reasons. Ethics (which does apply to dogs in many parts of the world) and the fact that there aren't that many whales (as opposed to dogs). Ethics It's seen as immoral. This argument also applies to dogs (note, pictures may be disturbing). As such, you see a lot of outrage about dog consumption as well. For example, these ...


70

How far applicable the law of a country is is decided by the law of that country. If other countries disagree, they can obviously decline to assist in the enforcement of those laws, and disallow the agents of the first country to act on their territory. There even is precedent that a country outlaws behaviour not related to it at all. For example, German law ...


60

There is an ethical argument that hasn't been mentioned yet. Many people find whale hunting unethical (see JJJs excellent answer), despite supporting deer hunting and chicken farming, because we think whales are smart. There is a correlation between how intelligent an animal is (or we think it is), and how likely people are to oppose its hunt and ...


56

If the companies ignore the laws of the European Union (EU), then the EU can fine them. The United States (US) may refuse to collect on the fines, but even so, the example company is doing business in the EU. Amazon.co.uk, Amazon.fr, and Amazon.de collect money in the EU via credit cards. Those credit cards bill EU banks. The EU can of course prevent ...


51

The general philosophy of post-WWII international order is that the inhabitants of a territory are entitled to self-determination. While there are still many political and historical obstacles to the general application of this principle, it is clear that any kind of military conquest contradicts this principle: it is simply not morally acceptable anymore to ...


50

The agreement to pay war reparations is usually part of a peace treaty. It is usually a demand the superior party makes from the inferior party in exchange for peace. In any wars where the United States "lost" in the past 100 years, the United States simply gave up on occupying the other parties' territory and withdrew their troops. The "winning" side was ...


49

Your question is slightly at odds with reality. First off, with the important exception of the US government, nobody sensible is quibbling over the mounting amount of evidence that Agent Orange had short and long lasting side effects. As you've noted already, the US government is not accepting any guilt or responsibility. So the real question is whether ...


46

One undiscussed reason that Japanese whaling is so specifically opposed by certain nations (specifically New Zealand & Australia) is that much of the Japanese whaling happens in the Southern Ocean, near these countries but very far away from Japan. Part of the national self-image of these countries is that of custodians of the environment; New Zealand's ...


46

The ability to return to your country is considered a human right, Article 13(2) of the declaration of human rights and also Article 12 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. But cases of quarantine are one of the emergencies where freedom of movement may be restricted. So nations must eventually let their citizens enter, but they can ...


40

It is quite common for countries to prosecute both actions by and against their nationals as soon as the perpetrator enters their jurisdiction. Some will also prosecute certain crimes by anyone who is presently in their jurisdiction, no matter where they happened. Some key points to take away: For some crimes (a citizen of country A murders a citizen of ...


36

"Unborn baby" is not a protected characteristic and hence the "unborn" cannot be discriminated against. Many would argue that the "unborn" are not legally persons and as such have no rights that can be violated. Even if the fetus has rights, so does the pregnant person and it is in no way obvious that the fetus's rights override ...


34

The US's only interest in Ukraine is to keep Russia out of Ukraine. The US maintains a containment strategy on Russia, meaning that it tries to keep Russia from expanding and becoming a powerful empire and military adversary. It does not want Russia to expand into its former USSR territories. NATO exists for this express purpose to defend nations against the ...


34

If they have EU-registered subsidiaries and/or operate business towards EU customers, why shouldn't they be subject to EU laws? And yes, technically the EU can block the domain name, not that this will ever happen as the EU prides itself on the freedom and liberalism provided to all citizens, but nonetheless they still have the power to do so if they ever ...


34

The ICC has approximately no legal status under the US Constitution. In particular: It is not an Article III (federal) court because it was not established by Congress. It is not treated as a foreign court under principles of comity, because it is not part of the legal apparatus of any sovereign state recognized by the United States. The United States has ...


32

what international law(s) are at play here? In the case of Assange being removed from the Ecuadorian embassy with the consent of the ambassador -- only the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations. Subsequent likely proceedings are not covered in this answer but, for example, the Universal Decaration on Human Rights can apply to extradition proceedings. ...


31

What actions are legal against pirates for private ships? It depends on the maritime laws of the flag state and whether the ship is in international or national waters at the time of the incident. Hence the answer is highly variable depending on the exactly which marine treaties the flag state has signed and ratified. However the doctrine of universal ...


31

The treaty you're thinking of is the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (also known as the NPT or NNPT). The core of this treaty for non-nuclear weapon states is Article II, which says Each non-nuclear-weapon State Party to the Treaty undertakes not to receive the transfer from any transferor whatsoever of nuclear weapons or other nuclear ...


31

An important factor here is the treaties a country has signed up to. In this case, a relevant one is the 1951 Refugee Convention. From UNHCR: The 1951 Refugee Convention is the key legal document that forms the basis of our work. Ratified​ by 145 State parties, it defines the term ‘refugee’ and outlines the rights of the displaced, as well as the legal ...


30

Same way CFC problem was addressed. As you will notice if you look at the detail of the issue (e.g., this blog post - which is overall very pro-regulation and pro-environmentalism and aggressively anti-free-market), CFC regulation by the government happened after the CFC market shrunk more than 75% already. In other words, 75% of the problem was solved by ...


30

There is no reliably humane way to kill whales according to the New Zealand government. The article starts with the statement: "Experience has shown that it is very difficult to kill a whale at sea humanely; that is, by causing minimum pain or instantaneous death."


29

I would disagree with your initial statement "Many cultural cuisines like rabbits, cows, trout, pigs, chicken, reindeer or walruses are consumed without international criticism", at least in spirit. There are protests, within and across national boarders, about the hunting or eating of certain groups of animals, including those in your list. Cows are farmed,...


28

The concept of 'civil war' has three necessary attributes: Intention: There must be an explicit effort to enact regime change, either by overthrowing the current state or by carving out a new, sovereign state from the territory the current state claims Structure and organization: The regime change effort must have some degree of military/political ...


27

Short Answer No. Obviously, anyone can bring a lawsuit at any time on any theory, but such as lawsuit would be dismissed early on in any of the forums in which it could be brought. It does not state a valid legal claim that can prevail in some tribunal that can enforce it. What Is International Law? International law is not a settled, consensus thing in ...


27

None of the countries was recognized as the sole successor of Socialistic Yugoslavia. Each of the republics had to apply for a new membership. Arbitration Commission of the Peace Conference on Yugoslavia issued the following opinion (No. 9) on the state succession: [The Commission] ruled that it should be resolved by mutual agreement between the several ...


27

Yes The first and most obvious method is based on the UN charter, Article VI, which says in its entirety: A Member of the United Nations which has persistently violated the Principles contained in the present Charter may be expelled from the Organization by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council. Obviously, if ...


27

The Wikipedia article on indigenous peoples contains various definitions. There are basically two key ideas: The indigenous population is culturally distinct from the prevailing society in the region. There is historical continuity from something that predates the prevailing society to the indigenous group. For the most part, ethnic Europeans living in ...


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