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Putting the comment by Bougainville into an answer: Nothing will happen because if Covid indeed leaked from a lab, it was almost certainly an accident. It could be because as Bougainville suggested, a janitor forgot to close a door. Are you going to file a lawsuit against the country then? If one cannot prove intent, or at least negligence, then a lawsuit is ...


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There is something called the Intergovernmental Agreement. It says that each country has jurisdiction over its own nationals aboard the ISS. So for example, if a Japanese astronaut sexually assaults a Russian astronaut, then the Japanese government would be in charge of prosecution. This agreement applies only to the ISS. It isn't a more general law about ...


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As explained in another answer, most treaties do have a provision specifying that they become effective if “at least X parties” have deposited their instrument of ratification. Some require that all the parties ratify the treaty before it becomes effective. Here the wording is significant, the actual condition is receiving a formal document at the ...


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There are several times where any member of trans national organisations can veto. I believe this applies to the UN Security Council, one reason for being inefective was the Soviets and US tended to veto each other. I also believe admitting a country into the EU can be vetoed by any member nation.


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Article 21(1) of the Paris Climate Agreement specifies when it comes into force: This Agreement shall enter into force on the thirtieth day after the date on which at least 55 Parties to the Convention accounting in total for at least an estimated 55 per cent of the total global greenhouse gas emissions have deposited their ...


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Giving a full set of reasons will be challenging. However, the most obvious set of reasons to keep ISDS decisions secret is the same set of reasons why regular court decisions might be kept secret. Those include a mutual desire of parties and national security interests. Note that the arguments of the opponents are misleading as they suggest the ISDS reasons ...


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Let's distinguish between UN General Assembly resolutions and UN Security Council resolutions. General Assembly resolutions are more accurately called recommendations, so for those, the answer is NO. Security Council resolutions, on the other hand, are enforceable under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Chapter VII exclusively deals with Action with Respect ...


3

Is there any treaty or international law that tries to regulate how to handle sea waste? International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL) Annex IV Prevention of Pollution by Sewage from Ships (entered into force 27 September 2003) Contains requirements to control pollution of the sea by sewage; the discharge of sewage into the ...


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While the aforementioned Abdul Quadeer Khan (in the answer of o.m.) was working in a Dutch uranium enrichment plant he managed to get hold of various secret documents. These documents were later of key importance in the development of the Pakistan atomic bomb. Although this espionage was made possible due to extreme laxity of the Dutch intelligence agencies,...


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