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International law generally discourages countries from preventing people to leave, for example article 13 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights: Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country. Or article 12 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights Everyone shall be free to leave any ...


No (modern) international agreement condones wars of aggression. What article 5 of the NATO treaty and article 42 (7) of the TEU establish is an obligation to assist the country being attacked (with many nuances and caveats) and certainly not any obligation to help a country attack another one (even by remaining neutral). There is therefore no conflict of ...


Article 5 of the NATO treaty (the article covering mutual defense) covers when a member state is attacked. If a NATO member attacks another state without provocation, Article 5 does not apply.

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