Questions tagged [international-relations]

Questions about the relationships, agreements or interactions between countries. May also be used for questions relating to international organisations like the United Nations.

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What do Muslim countries have to gain from visiting Xinjiang at the invitation of the Chinese?

https://www.middleeastmonitor.com/20220810-diplomats-from-30-muslim-countries-visited-chinas-xinjiang-region/ A delegation of 32 envoys and senior diplomats from 30 Muslim-majority countries have ...
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What does Ukraine gain by having Western countries ban all Russian visa?

Ukrainian President Vladimir Zelensky said earlier in an interview with the Washington Post that Western countries should ban entry to all Russians. Estonian Prime Minister Kaja Kallas, in turn, ...
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What purpose does publishing a white paper serve?

China has published a White Paper on the situation with Taiwan. Here is the translation: The spokesperson of the Taiwan Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China was authorized ...
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How does diplomatic immunity work in the case of a diplomat being a dual citizen of both the host and guest nations?

How would the legal precedence work, and have there ever been any such cases? For example, let's say that someone was born in the USA (and has citizenship by birthright), but their family moved to ...
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Has China ever clearly stated that it would invade Taiwan if it declares independence?

Reading the Western press, the People's Republic of China (from hereon China) regularly threatens military brimstone and hellfire if the Republic of China (Taiwan) dares to declare independence. ...
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What happened to triangular diplomacy (exploiting rivalry betweening dominating communist powers China and Russia)?

From Wikipedia article on triangular diplomacy In political science, triangular diplomacy is a foreign policy of the United States, developed during the Vietnam War (1955–1975) by Henry Kissinger, as ...
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What makes Brittney Griner more worthy of a prisoner swap?

My guess is that there are thousands of USA citizens convicted of foreign crimes (and held in prison in foreign countries), and hundreds with a misdemeanor nature similar to that of Brittney Griner's ...
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Why are people in China offended by a visit of Pelosi to Taiwan?

Nancy Pelosi recently visited Taiwan, and some people in China are offended about it. WHat is the reason? I know that China claims that Taiwan belongs to them, but I claim Spain belongs to me and I am ...
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Did China make pledges to former Philippine president Rodrigo Duterte that could be described as a "trap"? If so, which were most attractive to him?

In a May 11, 2022 tweet, (self-described "public educator, academic, columnist, and policy adviser") Richard Javad Heydarian1,2 first asserts that China took the previous Philippine ...
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Was there risk that Speaker Pelosi's aircraft could have been shot down by the People's Liberation Army?

I was reading a New York Times article today and was struck by a particular passage. Here is a quote: Then, as Ms. Pelosi’s plane was touching down in Taiwan late Tuesday night, some social media ...
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How does NATO Article 11 pertain to Sweden and Finland accession?

There seems widespread consensus that all NATO member states must ratify the accession protocols for Sweden and Finland to join NATO, with the concern that Türkiye might still veto. Article 10 is ...
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Is it true that sizes of some countries are shown smaller on Maps than they actually are? [closed]

I recently read somewhere that there are some countries in the world are actually larger than they are shown on the world map. For eg. Somalia is significantly larger than it is shown on the map and ...
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What is the role of Taiwanese semiconductor industry in Chinese and American policy regarding Taiwan?

Taiwanese semiconductor industry (especially TSMC) is extremly important and valuable on the global scale. Given this: Is it a major reason for Chinese interest in Taiwan? Considering possible ...
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Is Pelosi's trip to Taiwan an "official" or "unofficial" visit?

In 1979, the United States made a commitment in the China-U.S. Joint Communiqué -- "The United States of America recognizes the Government of the People's Republic of China as the sole legal ...
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Could the German government decide to free Russian citizen Vadim Krasikov from prison?

So there are currently discussions between Russia and the US about some possible prisoner exchange to release US citizens Griner and Whelan from Russia. Apartently Russia made a request (through ...
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Why was American government's response so soft towards the Chinese government's very aggressive messages about Pelosi's Taiwan visit? [closed]

Recently the U.S. announced that Pelosi would be visiting Taiwan. The Chinese government threatened that if that happened, they would respond militarily. Xi even told Biden the following words: "...
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What organization sponsored 2022 Pacific Defense Chiefs meeting in Sydney, how many member nations does it have and which ones attended?

The Diplomat's July 28, 2022 Pacific Defense Chiefs Meet Against Backdrop of Rising China; Military leaders from 26 nations are participating in a conference hosted in Sydney. mentions how many ...
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It seems Russian public messaging uses false or mutually inconsistent claims, why do they use that messaging strategy?

To someone following Western media summaries of Russian public diplomacy and state-supported media, it appears that they are putting out both obviously false claims and mutually inconsistent ones, e.g....
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10 answers
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Why did (most of) the European NATO members support Ukraine's aspirations to joining NATO?

This article argues an alternative (maybe even complementary) view regarding the cause of the Russian invasion of Ukraine: (..) Russia’s security concerns are in fact genuine, and NATO expansion ...
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Short of attacking a NATO country, is there any other thing Russia can do to trigger direct American military confrontation?

Short of attacking a NATO country, is there any other thing Russia can do to trigger direct American military confrontation? The key section of the treaty is Article 5. Its commitment clause defines ...
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What are the possible mechanisms that can be used to settle territorial disputes between Ukraine and Russia should the hostilities cease?

What are the possible mechanisms that can be used to settle territorial disputes between Ukraine and Russia should the hostilities cease? I heard that most disputes are settled through bilateral ...
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What do the diplomats say or do when they are summoned by the country's government they are posted in? [closed]

Suppose, a diplomat Mr. 'A' of a country 'X' is posted in another country 'Y'. Because for some reason, country X is in a diplomatically awkward position in front of Y. Say, the government of Y ...
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What's the reasoning behind "rogue states" not responding to sanctions with military action? [closed]

Background: I know how insane this would be if it actually happened, but it just dawned on me that countries with far smaller economies than those who impose sanctions on them (as we see in the real ...
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Were treaties made with the Soviet Union automatically applicable to Russia?

Motivated by this other question which refers to a peace treaty made with the Soviet Union. The Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. What then happened with the treaties made with the Soviet Union: were ...
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Why is the Chinese Model of debt financed economic aid more attractive to Africa than West's structural re-adjustment programs?

I know the IMF imposed harsh austerity to ensure repayment and forced these countries to open up their markets to western countries. But isn't China doing the exact same thing? They are also very ...
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Why has president Erdogan suddenly decided to mend relations with Israel? [closed]

Why has president Erdogan suddenly decided to mend relations with Israel? What kind of advantage is he looking for? Is he looking for a favor from the USA or assistance from Israel's defense industry? ...
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What fraction of DAVOS participants are billionaires (and not corporations or political leaders) and who decides which ones can go?

The Late Show with Stephen Colbert's May 21, 2022 Crypto Celebs Silent As Market Melts Down | Billionaires Get Ready To Trip At Davos cites Business Insider's August 27, 2020 (updated) Davos 2021 is ...
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3 answers
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Any adverse effects/repercussions due to Ukraine's "serious snub" of German president Frank-Walter Steinmeier lasting longer than a few news cycles?

Wikipedia's Frank-Walter Steinmeier; 2022 Kyiv visit says: In April 2022, Steinmeier abandoned plans to visit Kyiv after admitting he would not be welcome in Ukraine in what was seen as a serious ...
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Is signing security pacts with other countries within the UK government powers?

On May 11th 2022, UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson signed security pacts with Sweden and Finland. Is this something the Government could do without passing any legislation through Parliament and ...
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1 answer
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Is Russia notified before prominent visits to Kyiv?

There has been several prominent visits to Kyiv since the war started, including U.S. Secretary of State Antony Blinken, US Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin, UK prime minister Boris Johnson, and United ...
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Why does Australia not tolerate China building a base in Solomon Islands if they think Russia should tolerate NATO expansion in Ukraine?

Australia apparently thinks Russia should tolerate NATO expansion in Ukraine, since they've 1) condemned the invasion and 2) imposed sanctions on Russia for invading Ukraine. On the other hand, ...
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3 votes
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Study to confirm that lying on the international level is less frequent than lying to own population

I have recently watched this presentation held by John Mearsheimer, professor of Political Science at the University of Chicago and he argues that political leaders lie way more frequent to their own ...
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4 votes
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Has the Chinese government indicated what is the "red line" in the Russian invasion of Ukraine?

This answer suggests that should Russia use a nuclear strike in Ukraine, even China would condemn it: By using weapons of mass destruction Russia would be condemned not just by the West, but also the ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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Are all countries nation states?

Why are most countries nations, even when they have multiple ethnic groups with national aspirations ? For e.g. Russia. I believe as Pierre Elliot Trudeau did, the nation must not be the basis of the ...
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Has post-revolutionary China ever backed down in international (plus SARs, TAR and cross-straits) affairs?

I have heard that good parenting advice tends to stress consistency; if you "lay down the law" you have to stick with it and not allow "infractions" to go unnoticed or ...
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Why is US reluctant to consider Russia a state sponsor of terrorism?

CNN mentions that Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky made a request to US President Joe Biden to designate Russia a state sponsor of terrorism: Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky made a ...
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18 votes
5 answers
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What is the point of Emmanuel Macron speaking so often with Vladimir Putin?

This article mentions the frequent discussions between Emmanuel Macron and Vladimir Putin: French President Emmanuel Macron continues to keep his hotline open with Russian President Vladimir Putin, ...
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6 votes
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Why did Arafat/the Palestinian leadership accept terms of the Oslo Accords that seemed to make it hard to achieve Palestinian sovereignty?

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WnelcDyxA00&t=1579s I am referring to this lecture. Mehran Kamrava claims that the terms of the Peace agreement were so skewed that it made Palestine statehood ...
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What are the risks associated with Russia collapsing? [closed]

European Pravda presents the Russian Federation's collapse as inevitable in the next few years, the invasion of Ukraine acting as a catalyst for it: In his 2016 essay Will the Russian Federation Make ...
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2 answers
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G7 countries - Can India become a member of the Group 7 (G7)?

G7 countries Can India become a member of G7 countries with the odd number 7 becoming a even number 8. To become a member of the G7 will there be a casting of votes by the existing G7 countries ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Why is the public opinion about GCC countries so low in the USA/UK?

What is the public perception in the USA and the UK about oil-rich gulf countries and their people? According to the above post, the public approval rate of GCC countries and their people is low in ...
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What is the public perception in the USA and the UK about oil-rich gulf countries and their people?

Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries are very loyal US and UK allies, I guess. However, how do the general population of the USA and the UK see them as allies? Do they see them as valued allies ...
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Why is Biden's "(Putin) ...cannot remain in power" widely considered a gaffe to be walked back while previous US presidents have said similar?

Together, answers to How often a post WWII US president said publicly that the leader of another country must go? (e.g. "For God’s sake, this man cannot remain in power") have listed perhaps ...
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37 votes
4 answers
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How often a post WWII US president said publicly that the leader of another country must go? (e.g. "For God’s sake, this man cannot remain in power")

US President Biden concluded his March 27, 2022 speech in Poland with the words For God’s sake, this man cannot remain in power. (e.g. CBS News's video Biden says Putin "cannot remain in power&...
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19 votes
5 answers
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What exactly are the stated (political AND military) objectives of the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine?

Edit:: The answers thus far show the political objectives, which are of course part of what I was asking, but what exactly are the military objectives of the invasion: like bomb certain buildings or ...
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Why is the South China Sea strategically important to the United States?

From Wikipedia: In June 2020, US Ambassador to the United Nations Kelly Craft sent a letter to the U.N. secretary general explaining the US position on China's "excessive maritime claims." ...
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31 votes
7 answers
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Why doesn't the US send airplanes to Ukraine, when the Soviets sent MiGs to North Vietnam?

During the Vietnam War, the Soviets sent hundreds of MiGs to North Vietnam. Now, Americans say they cannot send airplanes to Ukraine lest it lead to escalation. Why wasn't the Soviet assistance to ...
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Which countries in the world remain neutral in the Ukraine conflict?

Which countries are staying neutral in the war against Ukraine?
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Did China retaliate for the seizure of its ship by India?

Chinese ship carrying suspected cargo to Pakistan allowed to leave, equipment held back DRDO confirms Chinese ship India stopped was carrying nuclear-capable equipment to Pakistan The above article ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Have the US and UK explained if they view sanctions on Belarus as breaching the Budapest Memorandum?

One of the clauses of the Budapest Memorandum is (page 20): The Russian Federation, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America reaffirm their ...
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