74

In a way you are doing word games. International law has developed as customary law. There is no nature-given or God-given definition of sovereignty, it is merely a verbal shortcut to describe a whole raft of concepts which were historically related. France officially accepts that Andorra is not part of France. Spain officially accepts that Andorra is not ...


55

It is up to any sovereign state to decide who it allows to admit and with what documentation (*). So it is free to accept Taiwanese travel documents but not IS documents. It is free to grant free movement over the Irish border without any form of documentation but require that Indian citizens have a visa, even for air-side transit. There is no requirement ...


53

The USA has signed (in 1948) and ratified (in 1988) the UN Convention on Genocide - one of the founding declarations of the UN in 1948. The convention commits its signatories to the following obligations (among others): Obligation not to commit genocide (Article I as interpreted by the ICJ) Obligation to prevent genocide (Article I) which, according to the ...


53

Central America-4 Border Control Agreement is probably an example of what you are searching for. Is a treaty between 4 Central American countries that allows the free movement across borders. They also have a common-design passport: El Salvador Guatemala Honduras Nicaragua Further details on Wikipedia page - it even mentions the similarity to the Schengen ...


52

The general philosophy of post-WWII international order is that the inhabitants of a territory are entitled to self-determination. While there are still many political and historical obstacles to the general application of this principle, it is clear that any kind of military conquest contradicts this principle: it is simply not morally acceptable anymore to ...


49

The US had five(now four) consulates in China: Chengdu, Guangzhou, Shanghai, Shenyang, Wuhan. The United States also has an embassy in Beijing. They all have their own consular/embassy district, just like this picture quoted from Wikipedia: You can see: Xinjiang is included in the Beijing consular district. Tibet is in Chengdu consular district. If Chengdu ...


41

The US relationship with Pakistan is complicated, but for decades it was viewed as an ally. In the 1970's and 80's, India was somewhat friendly towards the Soviet Union (while remaining nonaligned). That encouraged a relationship between Pakistan and the US. After India developed a nuclear weapon, the US (as I understand it) looked the other way while ...


39

Ireland has had a policy of neutrality as far as international relations are concerned since WWII. Although this has never been formally codified in their constitution, and indeed recently such an amendment was rejected, neutrality is an important part of Irish foreign policy which has also precluded the country from joining organisations such as NATO, where ...


36

Without privileged diplomatic information, it's impossible to answer this question definitively. Diplomatic decisions of this sort are carefully weighed so that they appear as an equal response, not an escalation or capitulation, but no one outside the inner circles knows exactly what factors are being weighed in the decision. However, it is worth noting ...


33

Sovereign debt is not cancelled by a change in regime. But sovereign nations cannot be compelled to do anything. If I have a personal or business debt that I can't or won't pay, then there is a system of law that my creditor can use. They can go to the court and get a order that is given to bailiffs. The bailiffs can then come to my home and take my ...


26

I find this a rather odd question because if you read/watch the international news, it is obvious that appeasement is the rule and that actually confronting an aggressor by military means is the exception. Just out the top of my head: Is the West doing anything about China locking millions of Uyghurs in camps? Is the world doing anything about the genocide ...


25

During the Brexit negotiations, fundamentally unresolvable differences were postponed. There will be a point when they will have to come to the table. Look at the terms regulatory alignment and level playing field. The UK wants a Brexit which means Brexit, the right to make their own policies and trade agreements as they see fit. Speech by Johnson The EU ...


25

If you scroll up one page, you'll see it is part of an appendix to "Chapter 2 (exchange of dactyloscopic data)", or in other words, that data format for representing fingerprints. Certain fields in this data format are text fields, which are meant to be using ASCII characters.


23

and sharing the same views regarding Global security. I think this is a fundamental flaw in your viewpoint. Ireland has demonstrated a very different viewpoint from the UK and US and their primary allies. This goes beyond any historic differences on Irish-centric security and derives primarily from Ireland very much seeing itself primarily as a European ...


23

To quote UK Essays. (November 2018). Geopolitical Position Of Pakistan History Essay, " Pakistan has a significant geopolitical position as it is situated in a region that is of high grandness due to its political, economic, and strategic position. " The primary reasons for the incentives that Pakistan enjoys from the US despite the repeated ...


23

Common Travel Area United Kingdom, Ireland, the Isle of Man, and the Channel Islands. CARICOM Not quite sure if it is "no stamps" or "no checks." GCC Not quite sure if it is "no stamps" or "no checks."


22

The enemy of my enemy is my friend. In 1979, the USSR had yet to engage in their Afghanistan venture (which was to bleed it dry and expose military weaknesses) and was a very serious military threat to the West. The CIA was consistently overestimating Soviet economic output, which they kept on doing until the Soviet collapse 10 years later in 1989. On the ...


20

It seems the Stimson doctrine was interpreted more general than you interpret it. The phrasing there just says 'result of aggression', and Israel clearly used aggression (as in military force) during this war (as did the opposing countries). It might be considered a just war, so Israel is allowed to defend itself. But they still can't conquer new territories....


19

The Confucius Institute is a major educational initiative, and just one well-known example of how China has been making a "Big Bet on Soft Power" according to the Center on Foreign Relations. China enjoys favorable public opinion in many countries. In Russia and Nigeria public approval of China is over 70% as of 2019, and these are two major ...


18

The Vatican is internationally recognized as a independent state. However it is very small (0.44 square km) and does not a have visible border with Italy/Rome. Everybody can walk freely between the two areas. Italian police even have full authority on public grounds in the Vatican.


17

I think the main reason is probably because, if it's an "irregular war," other nations with interests, agreements or obligations with either or both parties can pretend nothing, really, is going on. If a formal, internationally official war is declared, then nations and groups of nations would be more likely to act, either on their own, or by being ...


17

Mercosur! It stands for Mercado común del Sur (or Southern Common Market). It is a union of 4 South American countries (Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay and Uruguay) and Associated States (Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru). Its purpose is to promote free trade and the fluid movement of goods, people, and currency. Personally, I have crossed the Brazil-...


16

FVEY developed from the second world war and the intelligence sharing between various allies during and after the war. Ireland was not allied to the UK and the USA during the war (it remained technically neutral) Moreover Ireland was not part of the Commonwealth, and the "five eyes" club was an agreement to share intelligence between the US and the British, ...


16

Canada, especially between 1949 and 1982, was in a quite comparable relationship to London, if we don't count practicalities such as independent access to the sea and military strength. Even today, the Queen of Canada reigns from abroad. And yet, Canada is a sovereign country as much as a country can ever be. Notes reflecting remarks by the OP and by ...


15

Since the end of WW2 and the start of decolonization the international community has been quite reluctant on 2 directly related items: Occupation of other countries' territories, i.e. colonization. For example, the fact that the UK is still sitting on Diego Garcia is more might than right. Redrawing of borders. That includes cases where the borders, ...


14

This is no longer true, but I feel like it's recent enough to be worth answering. Travel for most people between the US and Canada used to not require any documentation as recently as 2009. I remember going to Canada as a kid, and while the border was guarded, they generally didn't stop personal vehicles, only trucks.


13

The US cannot directly regulate foreign companies operating outside the US. The US can indirectly regulate them by punishing US companies that deal with certain foreign companies, or US companies that deal with foreign companies that deal with certain foreign companies. Basically they're saying, "you deal with us or you deal them, make your choice." And ...


13

From the Pacific Council on International Policy: Since assuming power in 2012, President Xi Jinping has clearly articulated his vision of the “Chinese dream” which seeks to achieve the “great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.” Xi has vowed to “restore” China’s historical influence and status by transforming China into a moderately prosperous state by ...


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