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44

The U.S. is likely to become less involved in the Middle East and Asia. Japan will need to secure oil supplies. Peter Zeihan has given many speeches over the last decade about how demographics and fracking affect geopolitics. Many of these speeches are on YouTube. In these speeches, he argues: The U.S. established a world order in 1945. The U.S. paid ...


42

The issue is the mis-characterization of Obama as "very friendly". The fact that a country signs a treaty with other does not mean that they are "friends" per se. Obama (together with 4 other parties) signed a treaty with Iran to dismantle Iran's nuclear program, and in exchange removed some of the sanctions that the USA and other countries were applying to ...


34

IANA isn't responsible for allocating IP address ranges to countries. Instead, it delegates allocations to one of the five regional Internet registries. In the case of North Korea, the RIR responsible would be APNIC. Theoretically, the US could mess with APNIC's IP address blocks, but at the risk of angering quite a few people (including - but not limited to ...


29

Sanctions relief and sanctions being in action, didn't have any direct connection with our lives in Iran. See the government is shadowed by another government (Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps - IRGC). They don't answer to anybody and do as they wish. So, when the elected government tries to open up, actual people don't get so much! If there is an opening ...


28

Another factor - it's in United States' interest for North Korea to have internet. Dan Carlin on a recent podcast formalized a statement that I largely agree with - Soviet Union was brought down as much by economic/technological competition, as by communications. Beatles, Rock'n'Roll and Jeans. The more the people in despotic regimes like North Korea have ...


26

Short Answer No. Obviously, anyone can bring a lawsuit at any time on any theory, but such as lawsuit would be dismissed early on in any of the forums in which it could be brought. It does not state a valid legal claim that can prevail in some tribunal that can enforce it. What Is International Law? International law is not a settled, consensus thing in ...


25

"Terrorist" as already suggested is thrown around a lot nowadays. One party may consider a group to be terrorist while some other party might view them as revolutionaries or Freedom fighters. However, one undeniable fact, despite the ambiguity in the definition of terrorism , is that if you support factions who deliberately attack civilians, you support ...


22

It is important to understand the underlying technology and politics of nuclear weapons deals. In order to build a nuclear weapon, the most important and difficult task is acquiring enough Uranium-235 or Plutonium-239 at weapons grade purity. This means that the key to building a weapon, and consequently controlling weapons development is controlling the ...


21

tl;dr: Iranian living conditions have improved, but not as much as expected. This is because banks are still afraid of US punishments, and investment is hence not in line with previous expectations. Iranian living conditions have improved since sanctions relief First, it's important to recognize that Iranian living conditions have improved since sanctions ...


20

Iran does have genuine reasons for developing a civilian nuclear power industry. Iran's oil production is comparable to that of Iraq or Kuwait, but Iran has a much larger population. Between declining production and increasing domestic consumption of subsidized gasoline, Iran risks becoming a petroleum importer in a few years. Nuclear power (especially ...


18

From a legal perspective: Israel hasn't signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. Iran did sign the treaty and got the benefits from it - so Iran trying to get a nuclear weapon or not cooperating with the International Atomic Energy Agency to prove otherwise is a breach of the treaty. From a political / practical point of view: ...


18

US foreign policy isn't exactly evaluated based on any sort of moral calculus, it's not even necessarily rational. There's too much history baked into geopolitics for what might appear to be rational on the surface to work in reality. For example, objectively speaking, on the topic of internal freedoms and human rights, Saudi Arabia is measurably worse ...


17

This is a matter of economics, not politics: nobody else makes large passenger jets. Antonov's largest seats 99 passengers, Embraer's seats 132, and UAC's seats 145. That's the same size as a small Airbus or Boeing jet. The 777-300ER they're purchasing holds around 400 passengers and has the range to reach almost anywhere in the world non-stop. The ...


17

Donald Trump has shown an enormous amount of, if hate isn't the right word, dislike for almost all of his predecessor's policies. He has reversed everything from the Paris Agreement to Obamacare to the Cuba policy. Especially when it comes to Palestine and Israel the current and former administration has taken diametrically opposite stances. Obama did not ...


16

Yes, Ronald Reagan, President at the time said I am saddened to report that it appears that in a proper defensive action by the U.S.S. Vincennes this morning in the Persian Gulf an Iranian airliner was shot down over the Strait of Hormuz. This is a terrible human tragedy. Our sympathy and condolences go out to the passengers, crew, and their families. The ...


15

As Geobits said, It's generally accepted that Pakistan has had nuclear weapons for over 20 years. The problem with Iran is that their statements to the effect of "We're going to destroy Israel" are well-documented. Pakistan, on the other hand, isn't friendly but isn't overtly hostile. Moreover, their record on this is pretty good- when have you heard of ...


15

Abe visiting Iran is not necessarily a sign that Japan is working against the United States. For all we know, the Donald Trump administration asked Abe to negotiate with Iran on their behalf. Think Progress: Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe’s visit to Iran on Wednesday marks the first time a leader from Japan has gone to Iran since the 1979 ...


14

Being a member of a communist party in Iran can be dangerous to your health. From the Tudeh Party of Iran's website: Written by: M. Omidvar - March 1993 ABOUT THIS PAMPHLET The labour and communist movement in Iran is 71 years old, and this includes the 51 years of the of the Tudeh Party of Iran, the party of the Iranian working class. Since its ...


12

In short, President Obama doesn't have any tools against a congressional override. If a bill is passed with such an overwhelming number of votes, 99:0 in the Senate and 419:1 in the House of Representatives, it is almost impossible for any president to stop the bill from becoming law. It takes two thirds of votes in both houses to override President's ...


12

Any answer will be a bit speculative, because causation is very hard to prove. Changes in Iran's security and foreign policy since Trump repealed the nuclear deal include the following points: Iran restarted its nuclear military program, breaching a cap set in the nuclear Deal for the first time in July 2019 when it enriched uranium to 4.5%. Tensions ...


11

It isn't possible to discuss why every person, or even every politician, might be opposed to the nuclear accord with Iran. As such, I'm going to cover only a couple prominent or common criticisms. The first is that the deal expires after several years. While it is possible that the United States and other members of the P5 + 1 may try to negotiate an ...


11

Iran's foreign policy frequently conflicts with US goals and values. There are several grievances that cause the US to view Iran adversarially, including: Iran finances and arms groups such as Hamas and Hezbollah, which have intentionally killed civilians, and which the US officially designates as terrorist organizations.* Iran finances and arms the Syrian ...


11

Much of this is speculation, but will try to backup opinions with links. Turkey - Iran Common ground vs Kurds. Despite the religious differences, both countries find common ground in fighting Kurdish independence. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-mideast-crisis-kurds-referendum-minis/turkey-iran-iraq-consider-counter-measures-over-kurdish-referendum-...


10

Sharia law is not a single well-defined body of rules. It's a set of traditions, with several major schools of jurisprudence. Even if strongly religious people might themselves want to deny that (i.e. argue that their particular interpretation is the one true law created by God and not an “interpretation” at all), it's actually quite diverse and flexible. ...


10

The EU was heavily involved in negotiating the deal, see here. Europe also has better relations with Iran than the US has with Iran, this means that the EU isn't likely to yield to the US on this issue unless there is convincing evidence that Iran is violating the terms of the deal. While the current US administration is not happy with certain details in ...


10

The US does not identify any of its ally states (at government level) as state sponsors of terrorism. Iraq for example was removed in 2004, following the US invasion. The current US list of state sponsors of terrorism is actually pretty short (as of 2017): besides Iran, only North Korea, Sudan and Syria (Assad's regime) are on it. The official reports don't ...


10

Partial answer: It's usable as reactor fuel 20% enrichment is also referred to as "High-assay Low-Enrichment Uranium" (HALEU). It has various benefits when used as a fuel in some reactors; see the Centrus page on HALEU. Apparently, it is already in use in existing research reactors in the US, for example - after 10 tonnes of the material had been produced ...


10

The Hague conventions have great historical importance but are now mostly superseded by other treaties and conventions. Most significantly the rules on warfare and hostilities are part of the United Nations rules. It has been quite clear that, since 1945, military actions do not commence with a formal declaration of war. None of the many wars, conflicts, or ...


10

I'm not going to stake who is right on this, but the UK/Gibraltar claim/action is based on the following justification: Gibraltar's government said in a statement Friday that it is extending the detention of the supertanker by 14 days after obtaining an order from the British territory's Supreme Court. "The Supreme Court has issued today's order on ...


9

The president of Iran has much less power than a president or prime minister in a democratic country. The real power in Iran is with the theocratic Assembly of Experts. These are former religious leaders and elected parliament members with long political careers. They appoint the Supreme Leader and the Guardians Council. The Supreme Leader is in charge of ...


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