Hot answers tagged

55

It appears the problem isn't the deficit (the loss from an individual budget) but the size of the existing debt itself. From a report in the Guardian Italy’s public debt is worth more than 130% of the country’s GDP, the second-highest level in the EU after Greece and more than double the bloc’s limit of 60%. In effect, the EU don't believe that the ...


48

This article has a lengthy backstory. In short, it's been corruption scandal after corruption scandal for the past half decade or so, on a backdrop of mobsters running rampant. Also, Rome only has one waste processing plant, which is buckling under the strain. Crime families in Italy have long held control over large parts of the country's waste management ...


44

Italy is not just planning a high budget deficit, it has a very high level of national debt. (As of 2017, it was 131.8% of their GDP, second only to Greece) This makes their deficit riskier than it would be for a country with a lower level of overall debt. Italian banks also own a lot of that debt, and there is a fear that government intervention in the ...


39

Not a full answer, but when I was a tourist in Rome, I recall discussing the graffiti issue with a local who spoke decent English. The gist of the explanation is that it was cultural differences in prioritization. In the U.S., graffiti is considered something of a sign of urban decay, whereas in Rome at least, it's seen in a more artistic light, and while ...


24

I'll add here from the critics' perspective, i.e. of Yanis Varoufakis, who was a finance minister of Greece... Belatedly, but correctly, they [Italy etc.] demanded a so-called “eurobond”: a common debt instrument that allows total long-term debt to shrink by transferring a portion of it from member states, which have a lot of debt, to the eurozone, which ...


22

there is garbage almost everywhere. While this might be explained by the large number of tourists during the season (large crowds typically leave a lot of garbage behind), this is strange in November when the number visitors heavily decreases (off-season, more rain) Garbage collection and disposal is an issue Rome has been dealing with since several years (...


21

According to the official Eurogroup press release, the conditions attached to the extra ESM funding under point 16: "Safety nets in the EU and EA" are as follows: The only requirement to access the credit line will be that euro area Member States requesting support would commit to use this credit line to support domestic financing of direct and ...


12

A sea captain is committed to obey to international sea law. After rescuing people, she is bound to coordinate with Rescue Co-ordination Centre (in this case, the Italian Coast Guards Operations Centre) and bring the survivors to the closest place of safety (in this case Lampedusa). Carola Rackete did both. There has been discussions whether Tunisia can ...


11

I can give some information about the Italian lockdown. Source: the FAQ from the Italian ministry of internal affairs. What you can do go to work (any kind EDIT: on March 21, as an additional restriction, "non-essential" businesses were stopped). Telecommuting / remote working is recommended when possible. travel for work (for instance, plumbers can go ...


10

As mentioned in previous answers, it is not just about the deficit but also about the already high level of national debt. Furthermore, the Italian government was initially expected to aim for a 0.8% deficit in 2019 before announcing last July that they would not be able to hold that. So instead of reducing its deficit as expected, the Italian government ...


9

There is in fact a “rubber stamp” requirement, stipulated in article 22 section 1 of the Lateran Treaty: At the request of the Holy See, or by its delegation which may be given in individual cases or permanently, Italy will provide within its territory for the punishment of crimes committed within Vatican City (…) Presumably, the Holy See (i.e. the pope ...


8

The usual reason: The spending priorities of the government coalition follows their political program, and they are not willing to limit their spending just because income projections are falling short. Almost everybody agrees that some government debt is necessary. Government bonds play an important role on the market as a safe, benchmark investment. You ...


8

Owning a media empire certainly helped him to jump start his political career in 1994 with his "Discesa in campo" televised address and spot campaign he could do for (basically) free at the time. His first government was not stable and fell in less than a year, so it is arguable that his media empire was little help in that instance… His second ...


8

All EU countries have their own legal code and police forces. There is some cooperation, but by default the laws and police forces are distinct. So there are two areas of concern: Arrest and extradition of organized criminals for acts in another country. Arrest and trial of organized criminals for acts in the country in question. This does not just affect ...


8

Your question assumes that a significant number of people in the area under lockdown are already infected, possibly without knowing, and that announcing the lockdown in advance will make them scatter in panic. The purpose of the lockdown would be to contain all (hah!) the cases in a restricted area. A more reasonable lockdown from a public health ...


7

On a generic enough level, they fail because they: Aren't any better than non-moderates at fixing problems Are worse than non-moderates at selling the promise that they will fix problems Often, are part of "establishment" that people are dis-satisfied with due to problems - they either get blamed for the problems or for not having had fixed them. Another ...


7

These people have two connected goals: Safeguard the life of the individual humans they have rescued from inadequate boats at sea. Establish the principle for the benefit of all life-savers at sea that refugees who try crossing the Med shall be processed by the nearest European state. Your proposed course of action would have met the first goal, if it had ...


6

This problem is far from being an Italian specific one. In my native country similar questions were asked when some mayors were reelected while being in jail waiting for corruption related trials. Your question assumes that being corrupt is a stigma that will prevent one to be (re)elected, but reality is much more complex than that. Oskar Kurer argues about ...


6

In Italy, the electoral system can be changed with the majority of the Lower and Upper houses. The current electoral system called by Giovanni Sartori "Porcellum" gives the majority (and a bonus of elected, "premio di maggioranza") to a coalition of parties, not to a single party, so small parties can survive. Some parties of those are present only in some ...


6

Note that the 1933 booklet that Jane Soames supposedly translated was published by Leonard and Virginia Woolf. Leonard Woolf was known for his left wing (not fascist) leaning. In fact he deplored fascism as early as 1935. Here's a quote to that effect from a 2018 PhD thesis The Woolfs’ Hogarth Press published numerous tracts on pacifism, the League, ...


6

If South Tyrole had a population of at least a million (it's currently around half that), it could, under Article 132, apply to separate from the Trentino-Alto Adige region and become a region in its own right, subject to a referendum. But that would involve it remaining a part of Italy. By my quick read of the Constitution, it looks like full secession ...


5

One of the reasons the government pushed the budget was to enable a Guaranteed minimum income law in Italy. This was one of the main campaign promises of the first party in that government since inception. Such a law was considered necessary to sanely compete with fellow member states in attracting foreign talents, stop young people emigration and ...


5

The Program of the National Fascist Party can be read in the chapter 3 of A Primer of Italian Fascism, edited by Jeffrey T. Schnapp. I couldn't find the PSI program online; but the party was notoriously led by its left wing, the "maximalists", which makes quite unlikely that there would be many similarities with the Fascist program. They would have favoured ...


5

Yes, if you acquire the Italian citizenship and you are above 25 years old you can vote for the Senate in the political elections. Art. 58 of the Italian Constitution states: Senators are elected by universal and direct suffrage by voters who are twenty-five years of age. So, if you are 25 and you have political rights (citizenship), you can vote.


5

Official infection and death numbers tend to rely on reports accumulated through several layers of bureaucracy, often with daily reports at several levels. A hospital reports the numbers to the city administration, they are added up and sent to the province, and those are added up and sent to the national level. So the actual reporting period is not the day ...


5

The latest one from Germany are 300 respiratory machines. I don't think that is labeled as either EU or NATO.


4

Wikipedia article dedicated to this party and this article provide some insight for understanding its success. tl;dr I think its success relies heavily on anti-establishment message (e.g. unwillingness to form political alliances) and the modern approach to politics (e.g. e-democracy, direct democracy) that catch young votes' attention. Modern democratic ...


4

Article 3 of the Lateran Treaty states: It remains understood that St. Peter's Square, although forming part of Vatican City, will continue to be normally open to the public and to be subject to the police power of the Italian authorities However, the same article starts: Italy recognizes the full ownership and the ...


4

To delve into a piece of Ryathal's great answer, the implications of a higher financial dependence of Italy on an outside benefactor can be seen in history, though not necessarily from the perspective of breaking up the EU. China's Belt and Road Initiative has drawn a lot of ire from the international community in the sense that China is giving poorer ...


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