32

Contradicting Carpetsmoker's answer, let me cite the official statement on behalf of the European Commission Representation in Ireland linked from the article linked in that answer: We note the media reports stating that in the event of a UK withdrawal from the EU, English would cease to be an official language of the EU. This is incorrect. The Council of ...


24

Rwanda is such a country, having made the switch from French, the colonial language under Belgian rule, to English, in 2008. The country has also joined the Commonwealth of Nations, despite never having been subject to the British crown. I'm unaware of any country with current plans to follow in Rwanda's footsteps.


19

Traditionally, in politics, French and German-speakers use their own language and are expected to have at least a passive knowledge of the other. Top-level politicians frequently talk to the media in both languages, no matter where they come from. Italian can be heard in official contexts but Italian speakers are very often fluent in one or both other ...


19

There is a value in a language that goes beyond mere utility. Asking about economic benefits entirely misses the point! There is a 2000 year tradition of Gaelic in Ireland, and the native speakers of Gaelic are a living link to that tradition. This has an inestimable cultural value that transcends a narrow interpretation of "worth". Similarly, there is ...


16

The primary reason why countries take refugees in the first place are humanitarian concerns. The EU Charter of Fundamental Human Rights Articles 18 and 19 say: Article 18 The right to asylum shall be guaranteed with due respect for the rules of the Geneva Convention of 28 July 1951 and the Protocol of 31 January 1967 relating to the status of refugees and ...


14

It's a market in the economic sense, as in the process by which the prices of goods and services are established. (The merit - or at least the efficiency - of which is, in passing, disputed.)


14

This is a matter for the individual countries. For example, in Ireland the official Language is Irish, The majority language, English has a Secondary status. Other countries, such as the UK, have no official language, but, of course, the UK uses English for communications with the EU. The EU has an interest in preserving minority languages. As part of its ...


13

Generally speaking, the answer is no, sharing the same language doesn't play a sound role in the likelihood of war. Richardson's (1960) Statistics of Deadly Quarrels provides the earliest systematic treatment of the impact of cultural similarity on international conflict. Analyzing more than 300 wars and disputes from 1820 to 1929, he finds that, ...


13

Below is a short quotation from an article in the Holland Sentinel ("Speaking Dutch in West Michigan"), published on 7 September 2008: U.S. Rep. Pete Hoekstra, R-Holland, came to the United States at age 3. He said he thinks he is the only Dutch speaker in Congress. He visits the Netherlands and speaks some Dutch.


12

If you frame the issue a bit more broadly, it should become clear that the EU has acknowledged and tried to address it for decades. Efforts to promote multilingualism, language teaching, monitor language competence, student exchanges between countries, etc. are all intended to mitigate the effects of limited language competence on trade and mobility. What ...


12

There is no official language in the US and the fact that Puerto Rico's official language is Spanish will not have any bearing on its becoming the US state in the future. Whether to designate a certain language as an official language is not a federal issue, but a state issue. According to the Wikipedia article on Languages of the United States The United ...


12

A country's government can insist on a specific name being used (and some countries like Côte d'Ivoire insist on their name not being translated) and other countries or international organisations will typically honor that, at least in a diplomatic context. Some countries also consistently use a specific name in (some) foreign languages in the hope of ...


12

The most common language for all high-level meetings and contact has been English, up to now. And I was reading recently that Brexit, paradoxically, is likely to further confirm English as the principal language of the EU, since any objections that its use favoured one member country over others disappears if Britain is gone. And since English is the most ...


11

Romantsch is a National Language but not a Language of the Confederation. It is therefore not used in the Parliament. Debates are translated simultaneously into German, French and Italian. (source)


11

State has the same meaning today as it did during the 18th century. STATE (Dictionary of the English language by Samuel Johnson (1768, 3rd edition) & 1792 edition) [...] 5. The community; the public; the commonwealth. 6. A republick; a government not monarchical. [...] 13. The principal perſon in the government. STATE (Merriam-Webster Online) 5a. : a ...


10

Language is a primary component of a culture. Outsourcing it to anyone is problematic at best. This is why many countries like France have l'Académie francaise, an organization dedicated to promoting the old lingua Franca (French). Likewise, the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis (not to be confused with Michael Dorn ) posits that language not only reflects the ...


10

Because while the United States federal government does not declare a de jure official language, English is de facto the standard language, as all laws and regulations are published in at least English. Further, virtually everyone in the US speaks English and many don't speak any other languages. For example, I have three years of Spanish, but I can't ...


9

Phone calls between world leaders are much more complicated and are thoroughly planned. It's not one would imagine -- pick up a phone and say Hi President Putin! I'm Trump and I would like to talk to you!. In order to overcome language barriers, they have human interpreters and aides to assist them. This article by the BBC that I came across describes this ...


9

A refugee is someone fleeing a war-torn country. A migrant is someone seeking to move to a country for economic (or familial, etc) reasons. The EU accepts refugees for compassionate reasons. If the refugee were to be sent back to their country of origin, they are likely to be killed. There often isn't time to take a language course if bombs are falling on ...


9

The rules don't provide any directive on order of languages. It seems likely that the order is "Alphabetical in English". So Arabic (the only right-to-left language is placed first (on the right). Then the left-to-right languages are in alphabetical order Chinese, English, French, Russian, Spanish, from left-to-right The rules of procedure of the security ...


8

Maybe. Before UK joined the EU (in 1973), English was NOT an official EU language. Also, there is some research and polls about it, showing that it will likely affect EU linguistics.


7

The U.S. has no formally recognized official language. There have been attempts to declare English the official language, but none have been successful. There have been successful attempts in the U.S. to limit other languages from gaining prominence or reduce their use. German was extremely common in the original colonies, but English advocates were ...


7

An entirely monolingual country has no need to define an official language, as the question would never arise. It is only if there 2 (or more) languages spoken in a country that a decision needs to be made as to which are 'official'. The language(s) that end up as being 'official' or the ones whose speakers have sufficient political clout to ensure their ...


6

Once the UK has left there will be far more native French speakers than native English speakers in the European Union. According to Wikipedia, French is spoken by 12% of the EU population, with the vast majority of those located in France itself (population 66.1 million) and the French-speaking parts of Belgium (around 3.5 million in Wallonia plus around 1....


6

"Why do they deny it?" — the answer is, they do not deny. Moldova Moldovan President Nicolae Timofti called for making Romanian Moldova's official language rather than Moldovan, as currently specified in the constitution. "We are ethnic Romanians, although we call ourselves Moldovans," the president said in a speech at Moldova's Academy of Sciences ...


6

A draft transcript of the speech (all the speeches) is available. Climate Change Response (Zero Carbon) Amendment Bill — Second Reading CHLÖE SWARBRICK (Green): E Te Māngai, tēnā koe. Tēnā koutou e Te Whare. Google translate: Mr. Speaker, thank you. Greetings to the House.


5

He has completed the Gaelchultúr Level 4 course for public and civil servants He says and I Quote from this article: It’s getting better but I’m far from fluent. So no he isn't fluent. It is worth noting his rival wasn't fluent either Mr Varadkar’s rival Minister for Housing Simon Coveney’s level of proficiency is described as “basic”, although he has ...


5

The Commission has some 32,000 staff members. Depending on the grade, these speak one to all three official languages but there also recruitment targets in proportionality with every member's country's population except in the linguistic services department (where there's no proportionality requirement). Romania currently has a substantial deficit of ...


5

This is a Romanian perspective I think there is no actual connection between backing Klaus Iohannis and notifying the Constitutional Court about the Roman Catholic Theological High School in Târgu Mureş. Backing Klaus Iohannis is very good for the party because he is a very popular politician who proved his efficiency as a mayor in Sibiu and has clear pro-...


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