52

Cocaine Coca leaf is native to South America and grows best there, so that's where the cocaine comes from. Not only does this produce a huge amount of profit for organised crime, the drug itself promotes aggression. Almost all the drug wars are primarily concerned with cocaine and secondly with marijuana which also grows well there. Colonialism, Communism ...


38

Because they're not at war. Referencing this paper, Wikipedia clarifies the methodology: The following 50 cities have the highest murder rates in the world of all cities not at war, with a population of at least 300,000 people If cities within warring nations were including, the rankings would change. For example, in Damascus (population 1.7 million) ...


14

pjc50's answer is good. I would add that proximity to the world's largest gun manufacturer - the United States, makes the flow of guns to the Central Americas much easier. This opinion piece explains how the Cold War affected and the US affects gun ownership in Central and South America. During the 1980s, El Salvador was the single largest recipient of U.S. ...


12

Military forces cost money. Countries in South America are relatively poor (compared with the US, Europe or Gulf states. Military forces are enlarged in response to a perceived threat. There are currently few international conflicts in South America, compared with the Middle East. In recent history, much of South America has been ruled by military ...


5

Expanding on James K's good answer, which raises the cost and the desire to limit the risk of the military taking over: Brazil and Mexico also have oil money and an army to show for it. Brazil, Colombia, and Mexico are in the 20 largest armies in the world (in that order). Next, consider the threat level. Mexico's example is arguably the most illustrative. ...


5

Not as far as I can tell. The closest I can find is this statement in which the US criticise Venezuela for making the deal: US State Department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus said on Sunday: "Venezuelans need free and fair presidential elections leading to democracy and economic recovery, not Maduro's expensive deals with another pariah state." And ...


4

We could simply focus on the most recent economic crises, which are similar in nature, but I think it may be helpful to take a longer-term historical perspective. Earlier on, Argentina was something of a rising economic power. Quoting from Wikipedia's "Economic History of Argentina": During the first three decades of the 20th century, Argentina outgrew ...


2

Latin America has a long-time military government. Most of the countries (all of them?) has some military background, which grew being authority and, therefore, has their own judicial system. And yes, in Latin America there are several countries with two judicial system for the military but considering what country you want to analyze, the cases are ...


2

It's not just Latin American countries but Canada as well and again, there's a good reason. For much of it's existence as a nation, the United States Foreign Policy has been based on some form of Monroe doctrine, which holds that the United States will deal with problems in the Americas and not make trouble in the Europe, Asia, and Africa unless they start ...


1

As far as I can tell the original members (of the 1984 Agreement on the Central American Tariff and Custom Regime) were Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica. The SAC (El Sistema Arancelario Centroamericano basado en la nomenclatura del Sistema Armonizado) is actually a part of this, see article 2 on p. 5. Part/chapter III of Agreement deals with ...


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