82

My naive understanding (correct me if I'm wrong) is that the Constitution is already the supreme law and nothing can be above it, nor Congress Resolutions. If anyone acts against the Constitution, it must be already illegal. On the other hand, if someone is able to break the higher law and get away with it, he could also safely ignore common law. In the ...


55

What is the largest political entity that lacks legislative power? The United Nations. It comprises of 193 states with two additional observer states - Vatican City and Palestine. Whilst it has a General Assembly, which can be considered as a kind of legislative body, its resolutions aren't binding and hence are considered advisory on its member states.


50

To pass, a bill needs to pass in the House and Senate and be signed by the President. Since the last election, Democrats took control of the House, so while the Obamacare repeal bills that failed in the Senate in 2017 might pass the Senate today, there's no way they would make it through the Democrat controlled House.


48

So the borough of Manhattan (pop. 1.6m) does not have its own separate authority with legislative powers. Are there even bigger fully dependent political entities like this? There are at least two political entities that are more populous than Manhattan and certainly meet your criteria, because they are also boroughs of the city of New York: Brooklyn and ...


37

The reporting on the senate bill still having the AMT set at 20% and the new corporate tax level being at 20% while the house bill removed the AMT is accurate. Corporations have been outspoken in their opposition to the 20% corporation tax with the 20% AMT as it would essentially remove the tax benefits currently available for R&D funding and other tax-...


35

I understand that the government collects taxes, sells bonds, etc. but regardless of the income portion, I'm more curious about the spending portion. Does the US Treasury simply print the money (physically or digitally)? Does the US Treasury have bank accounts/checking accounts? What role does the Federal Reserve play in this? ...


33

From your CNN link: The law bans state-funded or state-sponsored travel by employees of state agencies and departments as well as members of boards, authorities, and commissions. Note the critical words. This only applies to state employees using state funds or under state sponsorship in some way. They're just setting limitations on use of their ...


27

With Democrat control of the House such a bill would have no chance of becoming law. Yehuda points out that bills are sometimes introduced for show, even if they have no chance of becoming law, to demonstrate a party's commitment to making something happen, or so that opponents are forced to vote for or against something that can be used against them later. ...


26

At the basic premise, sensible gun control legislation isn't going to last because one side is more invested than the other. Those supporting the right to keep and bear arms, and the associated protections enshrined in the Second Amendment, see efforts that would restrict their ability to freely exercise their rights as an attack on the same. The opposition, ...


26

There is no factual basis for the claim that incorrect pronoun use will lead to negative consequences. The bill does two things: It adds gender identity or expression as protected classes under the Canadian Human Rights Act It adds gender identity or expression as protected classes to the criminal code, specifically to a section about hate propaganda and to ...


24

What you're describing is essentially a reverse poison pill. The poison pill, or wrecking amendment, is an amendment whose purpose is to make the passage of a bill completely intolerable to the side that supports the bill, or to completely de-fang a bill by, for example, removing any enforcement power. The term for an amendment that is unrelated to the bill ...


21

limiting access of those with mental illness to guns. There is a worry that mental illness restrictions will be abused. For example, New York state has the SAFE Act, which is intended to catch people who are dangers to themselves or others. But in one example, the wrong person was put on the list. Apparently there were two people with similar names. ...


17

Formally, the Twenty Seventh Amendment stipulates that salary changes made by congress cannot take effect until after the next house elections. No law, varying the compensation for the services of the Senators and Representatives, shall take effect, until an election of Representatives shall have intervened. In other words, Representatives would be ...


17

It is mostly a statement. When Congress does something, it is generally reported in the news. Congress passing declarations like this is a way for the members of Congress to make a big deal about an opinion the governing party holds very strongly. By formalizing this opinion (even an opinion as basic as "The Constitution exists"), they are able to ...


16

The relevant legislation is actually to be found in the Withdrawal Act itself, which in section 20 includes a paragraph (4)A Minister of the Crown may by regulations— (a) amend the definition of “exit day” in subsection (1) to ensure that the day and time specified in the definition are the day and time that the Treaties are to cease to apply to ...


16

In Article I, Section 8 of the United States constitution, there is an enumeration of the powers of Congress: 1: The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform ...


16

Yes, and this sort of thing is unfortunately rather common in the US Congress. It results from a divergence between theory and practice: In theory: Bills are (mostly) written by legislators. Debate periods are used to try to convince other legislators to vote for something. If there's a problem with a bill, it's fixed by amendment on the floor of the ...


16

Anti-union laws generally make it harder for: Unions to form, by allowing employers to discriminate against unionised workers, or requiring onerous processes to be followed for the formation of a recognised union, or not requiring employers to recognise and negotiate with a union even when it represents the majority of workers. Unions to operate, by not ...


15

I think anyone reading the laws the bill modifies could reasonably come to that conclusion. According to the text of the Canadian Human Rights Act: It is a discriminatory practice, directly or indirectly... in the course of employment, to differentiate adversely in relation to an employee, on a prohibited ground of discrimination. and: It is a ...


15

There are aspects of this bill that modify and restrict tax credits. If I'm not mistaken, this would make it subject to the Origination Clause of the Constitution (Article I, Section 7(1)): All Bills for raising Revenue shall originate in the House of Representatives; but the Senate may propose or concur with Amendments as on other Bills.


14

Contrary to another answer, there's by now actual evidence that the bill has led to actual negative consequences. Lindsay Shepherd, a TA at Wilfrid Laurier University in Canada, was reprimanded by the universitry, NOT for even using the wrong pronoun, but simply for using the youtube clip during a lecture which showed a debate about usage of pronouns (and ...


13

I think the existing answer is a touch unclear; every Statutory Instrument can be said to "amend or repeal legislation, with varying degrees of parliamentary scrutiny" because secondary Legislation is legislation, so I wanted to go into a bit more detail about exactly what makes something a Henry VIII power as opposed to some form of secondary ...


13

@joe-c is right they do keep the leadership informed of concerns. They have a number of roles:- Get to know individual legislators and what motivates / interests them Identify bills or points that are problematic Try to come up with solutions to get bills through Parliamentary arithmetic will dictate how important their role is and how much the whips will ...


12

In the best scenario, a government won't regulate an industry until there is a clear and distinct problem that requires regulation. First, a demonstrable public ill related to the activities of the industry must come into evidence. Second, the industry itself must show an inability or unwillingness to address that public ill. Then (and only then) will ...


11

Because The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 gives such power to the Indian government. The sub-section (2) of section 26 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 mentions: (2) On recommendation of the Central Board the 3 [Central Government] may, by notification in the Gazette of India, declare that, with effect from such date as may be specified in the ...


11

Answering this requires distinguishing between two of the many posts that Johnson holds. Prime Minister, and Leader of the Conservative Party are separate jobs. The normal process goes like this: Johnson gives notice of his intention to resign as leader of the Conservative Party, just as May and Cameron did. The Conservative Party then holds a leadership ...


11

Judicial precedent might matter less than under common law systems, but it does matter in Germany, especially if it comes from the highest courts. For instance, much data privacy protection prior to the EU regulations was derived from the Constitutional Court interpreting Article 1 and 2. This led to the term informational self-determination, which can be ...


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