53

Decriminalization means that some action (e.g., drug consumption) is no longer considered a criminal action, which means that you're no longer sent to jail or get a criminal record. However, you may still face fines, confiscation of relevant goods and other consequences. Legalization means that there are no legal repercussions for some action (e.g., drug ...


37

The reporting on the senate bill still having the AMT set at 20% and the new corporate tax level being at 20% while the house bill removed the AMT is accurate. Corporations have been outspoken in their opposition to the 20% corporation tax with the 20% AMT as it would essentially remove the tax benefits currently available for R&D funding and other tax-...


35

I understand that the government collects taxes, sells bonds, etc. but regardless of the income portion, I'm more curious about the spending portion. Does the US Treasury simply print the money (physically or digitally)? Does the US Treasury have bank accounts/checking accounts? What role does the Federal Reserve play in this? ...


31

From your CNN link: The law bans state-funded or state-sponsored travel by employees of state agencies and departments as well as members of boards, authorities, and commissions. Note the critical words. This only applies to state employees using state funds or under state sponsorship in some way. They're just setting limitations on use of their ...


30

There is no factual basis for the claim that incorrect pronoun use will lead to negative consequences. The bill does two things: It adds gender identity or expression as protected classes under the Canadian Human Rights Act It adds gender identity or expression as protected classes to the criminal code, specifically to a section about hate propaganda and ...


22

At the basic premise, sensible gun control legislation isn't going to last because one side is more invested than the other. Those supporting the right to keep and bear arms, and the associated protections enshrined in the Second Amendment, see efforts that would restrict their ability to freely exercise their rights as an attack on the same. The opposition, ...


21

limiting access of those with mental illness to guns. There is a worry that mental illness restrictions will be abused. For example, New York state has the SAFE Act, which is intended to catch people who are dangers to themselves or others. But in one example, the wrong person was put on the list. Apparently there were two people with similar names. ...


19

There are four main reasons people support legalization of drugs but not other behavior: Many people feel that drugs are "victimless" behavior, and as such, are not a crime An interesting analogy would be that it's not a crime to gamble away one's money, if you are comparing stealing material property to drugs; state lotteries are legal even in places that ...


16

The relevant legislation is actually to be found in the Withdrawal Act itself, which in section 20 includes a paragraph (4)A Minister of the Crown may by regulations— (a) amend the definition of “exit day” in subsection (1) to ensure that the day and time specified in the definition are the day and time that the Treaties are to cease to apply to ...


16

In Article I, Section 8 of the United States constitution, there is an enumeration of the powers of Congress: 1: The Congress shall have Power To lay and collect Taxes, Duties, Imposts and Excises, to pay the Debts and provide for the common Defence and general Welfare of the United States; but all Duties, Imposts and Excises shall be uniform ...


13

I think anyone reading the laws the bill modifies could reasonably come to that conclusion. According to the text of the Canadian Human Rights Act: It is a discriminatory practice, directly or indirectly... in the course of employment, to differentiate adversely in relation to an employee, on a prohibited ground of discrimination. and: It is a ...


12

I think the existing answer is a touch unclear; every Statutory Instrument can be said to "amend or repeal legislation, with varying degrees of parliamentary scrutiny" because secondary Legislation is legislation, so I wanted to go into a bit more detail about exactly what makes something a Henry VIII power as opposed to some form of secondary legislation ...


11

Regional Marihuana legalization in the United States is a rather fragile legislative construct. According to federal law, Marihuana is still considered a Schedule I substance (the most regulated of five levels) under the controlled substances act. Why it got classified like that and whether or not that classification still makes sense from a medical or ...


11

Answering this requires distinguishing between two of the many posts that Johnson holds. Prime Minister, and Leader of the Conservative Party are separate jobs. The normal process goes like this: Johnson gives notice of his intention to resign as leader of the Conservative Party, just as May and Cameron did. The Conservative Party then holds a leadership ...


10

[... I have deliberately left a lot of the answer unreferenced, as it already ballooned, please ask in comments for any clarifications you desire for parts you consider unreferenced ...] The reason there's a lot of confusion and conflict over government's legislation and regulation of "marriage" is because "marriage" is 4 independent but interconnected ...


10

State Level There are plenty of daylight savings time bills. According to this website, which tracks daylight savings time bills across the United States, in legislative year 2017 14 states have introduced bills to change daylight savings time. Those states are: Colorado, New Mexico, Utah, Nebraska, California, Maine, Connecticut, Texas, Illinois, New ...


9

Because The Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 gives such power to the Indian government. The sub-section (2) of section 26 of the Reserve Bank of India Act, 1934 mentions: (2) On recommendation of the Central Board the 3 [Central Government] may, by notification in the Gazette of India, declare that, with effect from such date as may be specified in the ...


9

This is, indeed, sometimes the case. For the example I understand, the United Kingdom, the very concept of separation of powers was introduced well after the constitution had begun to assume its modern form. There has never seemed to be a pressing need to reform the constitution on the basis of a theoretical principle, so it has not been done. Since a great ...


8

That is politicians for you. Note that much of the civil rights legislation was passed by the Republican Party over the objections of the Democrats. However, the Democrats insist on claiming credit for it. As an example, "affirmative action" was actually created by President Nixon who first applied it to the building trades and then to racial quotas. ...


8

All right, I'll bite: see Retrospective laws breach separation of powers. Summary A bill of attainder is an obvious breach of the separation of powers. A retrospective law creating criminal liability is tantamount to a bill of attainder. Furthermore, because a judicial finding of law is retrospective to the last relevant legislative change, a legislative ...


8

The ban covers using state funds to travel to other states. As UCLA recently proved, all you have to do is claim the funds came from non-state funds Late last year, UCLA announced it would not schedule any athletic contests in states with anti-LGBT laws. Earlier this year the State of California went a step further, banning all state-funded or state-...


8

There's a pretty big difference in the two Medicare Medicare is the Federal healthcare system for people 65 and over (some people get Medicare Advantage, where the government pays the premium for a private healthcare plan in exchange for certain policies). It's a huge entitlement but it is also fairly popular because it's been around for a long time and, ...


7

DVK's answer is really great but too focused for this question, I think, so I'd like to add this more general statement, which I feel it better addresses the question itself. You are comparing two completely different things. Drinking alcohol or using drugs doesn't directly harm anyone other than yourself. It may cause you to commit other crimes, but those ...


7

Congress would pass a bill to either amend, repeal, or add to existing statutes. They can never change what the original bill said when it was passed, but they can change what the law will be going forward. An example is the House Page Board Revision Act (2007), which amended the composition of the House of Representatives Page Board, initially established ...


7

Contrary to another answer, there's by now actual evidence that the bill has led to actual negative consequences. Lindsay Shepherd, a TA at Wilfrid Laurier University in Canada, was reprimanded by the universitry, NOT for even using the wrong pronoun, but simply for using the youtube clip during a lecture which showed a debate about usage of pronouns (and ...


7

To answer the question that OP asked ("Can California ban its citizens from traveling to other states?"), which I should note is a purely hypothetical question (i.e. California has not actually attempted to do this, as explained in other answers), we can look to the Constitution. Article IV, Section 2 begins as follows: The Citizens of each State shall ...


7

As noted in the Firearms security handbook (published by the UK government), the purpose of firearm security is: the physical prevention of access to those firearms by persons who might lawfully occupy the property other than the certificate holder, as well as by intruders. This may be especially important when children are in the premises. If the ...


7

Should future democratic political system effectively use publicly accessible version control (git/Github)? Legislation, laws etc would exist in a public repository with precise details such as: a history of all changes the various members that 'committed' the changes This exists in every democratic political system of which I am aware, although ...


7

Yes, Congress still has to approve, but "fast track" authority prevents Congress from sending back a completely different package that was "agreed" to which would, essentially, start the process again from scratch. When there is fast track authority, Congress has to give it an expedited yes/no vote with limited discussion and no amendments, which gives any ...


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