138

Philosophical reason - why do some people in the government have a greater right to decide what to do with the assets than the person that owned them (through their will, by giving it to heirs/foundations/charities/donating it to the treasury)? Incentives 1 - most humans seem to value the welfare of their children more than they value their own. By imposing ...


86

Labels like "conservative" versus "liberal" or "left" versus "right" are often applied to larger-scale political movements, parties or ways of thinking, without every single detail being thrown into the mix. The labels mean different things in different environments anyway: what is called "right wing conservative capitalist" in some European countries might ...


67

What you seem to be missing is that the foundation of capitalism is voluntary exchange. The rich do not inherently "deserve" their money; a capitalist philosophy rejects the idea that we have the ability to decide who deserves what at some high, societal level. Rather, it emphasizes that individuals should be able to engage in only those economic activities ...


65

Since Ronald Reagan, the Republican party has had three main pillars: A low tax, somewhat libertarian group. A pro-military group. A moral majority, pro-life group. The moral majority group is heavily based in rural areas where gun ownership is common. The pro-military group includes many current and former service members who own guns. The ...


46

The word "libertarianism" was essentially invented because classical liberals felt that the word had become expropriated. Leonard E. Reed wrote in Castles in the Air: There was a word that I always liked; the classical economists used it: liberal. The word liberal really meant, in the classical sense, the liberalization of the individuals from the ...


46

This mostly had to do with (as usual, confusing) political terminology and branding. "Liberal" in USA has several meanings, mainly, either (1) "classical liberal" (which in USA is typically branded as "libertarianism" - although it's still called plain "liberalism" in Europe where the term originated); and, wholly independently, (2) "political liberal" - ...


44

This all resolves if you realise that the term sought is: liberalism! The linked Wiki page makes no mention of liberalism being a leftist thing. liberalism (n.) "liberal principles," especially the political principles of a liberal party, 1819, from liberal (adj.) in the political sense + -ism. and liberalism The quality of being liberal. ...


42

According to Merriam Webster, capitalism is... an economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, by investments that are determined by private decision, and by prices, production, and the distribution of goods that are determined mainly by competition in a free market. There is nothing in this definition that ...


36

Private property is a core characteristic of capitalism. Hence, under the capitalist system, it’s my money (and that's all the reason I need). A country that doesn’t respect ownership is, by default, non-capitalist. A country that does respect ownership needs to show a compelling excuse for taking away ownership or ignoring it. The idea of “redistribution of ...


35

The modern left is not "courting islamism", but scroll down to see some reasons why I believe it may be perceived as such. Some examples showing evidence that it isn't: Left-wing groups in Rojava are actively fighting against islamists, for a secular, democratic, socialist, feminist state, and those groups have considerable support among left-wing groups ...


30

The usual argument is that the wealth belongs to the family, and it's their right to pass it on to their children. There are also significant practical problems with very high inheritance taxes and family businesses; if all of the family members are involved in the business, is it right that the death of one should incur a tax bill that bankrupts the rest ...


28

First of all, as usual in politics, you got definition confusions galore. For one thing, what we call "libertarianism" in USA today was originally called "classical liberalism" - and AFAIK is still called that in Europe (don't tell any of the modern liberals in America who get allergic reaction from a mention of Mises or Ayn Rand :) If you mean "modern ...


24

It is a difficult question to answer, mainly because it is a strawman argument. Let me put you a more mundane analogy. You are in a ship in the middle of the Pacific, and find that ex-POTUS Barack Obama has had trouble while water skiing, and he is drowning. You launch him a lifejacket, or get him aboard your ship. Do you think it would reasonable to ...


21

An good example for the issues are generational enterprise as foresting. Owning a forest s likely owning a large are of land. However (depending on kind of tree, expected sizes etc.) it can easily take 80-100 yeas to grow trees from planting till felling those trees. If there is a 100% tax there is little incentive for the first generation to plant any new ...


17

In a capitalist society you are free to do what you want with your money. This includes giving it to your children.


16

Your basic premise is flawed. Traditionally the "left" has stood on the side of oppressed minorities and I think this is what this is. You also have to take history into consideration. After all the "legitimate critiques" of Judaism lead to the murder of six million Jews in Europe and considering that it's not to far fetched to assume ...


16

Is there an unambiguous term that describes a philosophy with strong focus on individual rights, equality of opportunity and freedoms, while being centrist in the socialism vs capitalism spectrum? I'd say that's civil libertarianism, according to Wikipedia: Civil libertarianism is a strain of political thought that supports civil liberties, or which ...


15

The link in the OP is to the American Enterprise Institute, a conservative thinktank, and frankly the piece is somewhat incoherent. I doubt it has any relevance to what a Romanian politician means by "ethical liberalism". "Liberal" is a word which doesn't have a firmly agreed-upon definition. It's used in the names of centrist, centre-right, and even far-...


15

I am a student learning the Russian language and interested in the Russian history and culture, and I have read many Russian articles, blogs, and materials about Russia, including discussions on Russian forums. I will now write my impressions and observations relevant to your question, and I hope that Russian users of SE will correct all inaccuracies in my ...


14

Here is what one writer had to say (Daniel Yergin, The Commanding Heights): How was the meaning of this word altered so dramatically in the United States? During the First World War, some of the leading Progressive writers began to use the word liberalism as a substitute for progressivism, which had become tarnished by its association with their fallen ...


14

At the start, your analogies don't work. You're errantly assigned the majority of the opposition to the liberal viewpoint to conservatives. Abortion: While the liberal position is about extending the personal freedom of the woman involved, the conservative viewpoint is about protecting the freedoms of the unborn. In this argument, the liberal opinion ...


12

Studies have found differences in the psychologies and habits of liberals and conservatives. I found one convenient webpage linking to a number of these studies. There is also a Scientific American Article discussing some of these differences, and Google turns up tens of thousands of results on the subject. While there are some oddities (e.g. conservatives ...


12

Not just guns In the United States, liberals believe in higher taxes and spending on social priorities. Conservatives want lower taxes and social spending. In campaign finance in the US, liberals want restrictions to how much campaigns can raise from individuals. Conservatives are against restrictions. Even in areas like gay rights, the freedom/...


12

While I think pjc50s answer is good, there is one more important thing: If a person owns a company, what does a 100% tax on that mean? It effectively means the company will become a state owned company (in a closed system, otherwise there is also the possible to sell it by the state to some emergent asian country). In about one generation time all companies ...


12

Links to some scholarly analysis on the topic at the bottom The first thing to understand when addressing this topic is that our political parties are not monolithic organizations with a single set of beliefs. In some political systems there are many parties with more specific ideals, and in order to reach a majority to gain control it often requires two ...


11

For a whole host of reasons (reasons that are best suited being listed in an answer to a different question), conservatives congregate in suburban and rural settings. Liberals are in urban and metropolitan areas. Princeton Historian Kevin Kruse, made this point succinctly: "There are certain things in which the physical nature of a city, the fact the ...


11

You seem to have a poor understanding of Capitalism and it's political counterpart of Liberalism (Classic sense, not Modern usage). The idea of Capitalism is the private ownership of the means of production (as opposed to Socialism, which holds that the means of production is collectively owned). In effect, if I am selling furniture, I either made the ...


10

Who are these people? Which demographics vote like that? Me for one. But more generally, many people under fifty see marijuana as easily available and find it silly for it to be illegal. Illegal marijuana makes criminals of many regular people who commit no other crimes. Also, legal marijuana produces tax revenue. And because drug dealers are ...


10

Quite simply it is due to Identity Politics. Muslims, in the US and much of the West at least, are a minority group and are therefore "protected". Christians, on the other hand are not. Both groups take actions that are considered distasteful or wrong by "the left", and the motivations for those actions are often due to the constraints imposed by their ...


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