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181

Because of the First Amendment to the United States Constitution: Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Government for a redress of grievances. (emphasis mine) ...


152

Because there is only one Fox News and there are multiple competitors. Overall, CNN and MSNBC together are watched more than Fox (source). But they split the liberal viewership. So if they get 34% and 21% of overall viewership and Fox gets 45%, Fox is the most watched single network even as it is a minority of the overall market. If someone started a ...


115

Fox news viewers are quite elderly, average age of 68 as of 2017. Older people consume news and media primarily through their TV and newspapers. Younger people more through their PC and smartphones (source). With younger people moving away from TV, that means a larger proportion of the TV watching audience will be elderly and elderly people tend to be more ...


109

The relevant US law is the Foreign Agents Registration Act, which covers agents who act "at the order, request, or under the direction or control" of a foreign power. Therefore, institutional and editorial independence is the key. If the UK Prime Minister tells (say) an employee of MI6 or the Foreign Office to do something, that person is required to ...


73

A liberal/conservative divide happens between sparsely-populated rural areas and dense urban ones, with the rural settings more likely to be conservative, and the urban ones more likely to be liberal. I won't get into the reasons why that is, but given that mass media has historically required a large number of people with a wide variety of talents that tend ...


65

Apart from the legality, your assumptions are wrong. You assume that there is a thing that can objectively be called "fake news", and that it comprises of stories containing false facts which can be disproven by fact-checking. This is not the definition of "fake news" that Trump is using. Looking through his Twitter feed, we can see that he describes ...


52

Dennis Miller is an openly conservative comedian. He had several television shows, although most have been short-lived since he came out as a conservative after 9/11. His radio show lasted until 2015. Miller is probably the most political, but there are other conservative/Republican comedians. Ranker.com has a list. Rush Limbaugh also includes ...


44

Because when these results are projected into a nationwide swing, Labour and Conservatives come out suggesting that Labour has a small lead. However there is normally a swing away from the party of Government in mid-term elections, and a swing back towards the government party for the general. Projecting these result forward to the next general election ...


42

A perspective from the United Kingdom. Since 1990, the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) has regularly broadcast Have I Got News For You. They ridicule everybody, but as far as politicians are concerned, their more successful guests are more likely to be Conservative than Labour. The Conservative politicians are simply perceived to be more funny, in ...


39

The entertainment and media industry is incredibly liberal because the people that work there are incredibly liberal. Take a look at the chart below, taken from here. In the end of the day, you cannot reasonably expect a very biased group of people to produce a neutral content. This also explains why there are few prominent conservative leaning figures in ...


36

Yes, they did make fun of Judaism alone from time to time, but not nearly as much as Christianity. A good example of what you could find in it (translation: title "circumcise all males the eighth following their birth"; commentator: "why do we not wait for him to be old enough to understand?"; rabbi: "we have to enjoy our superiority while we still have it!")...


34

Some ads are protected but John Oliver's isn't In the US there is a federal law that requires TV stations and other mass media networks to give equal opportunity to all candidates running for an office. If the station airs an ad for one candidate it must give all other candidates running for the same office an opportunity to advertise. If any licensee ...


34

In the U.S. Constitution, Article 3 Section 3 reads: Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their Enemies, giving them Aid and Comfort. No Person shall be convicted of Treason unless on the Testimony of two Witnesses to the same overt Act, or on Confession in open Court. and in federal law ...


33

There's no standardized way but there are a few well established ones. And note that there are two questions in your question. The first is whether a piece of news is factual. The other is whether it's being spun as something it's not. For the factual bit, a proxy is whether the piece of news got picked up by a well established news outlet. You're familiar ...


29

The underlying political theory behind the First Amendment protection of the media mentioned in the other answer is that the governments and courts cannot be trusted to determine what is and is not true outside of the context of commercial speech where there is substantial regulation of untrue claims. It is basically an epistomological position that ...


24

Apparently. A comparison of bands "Liked" on Facebook and the political affiliation of the Facebook profile found that some music was more usually liked by Democrats and other music more by Republicans. (source: marketwatch.com) As you can see from this graph, members of << your preferred party >> have far superior musical taste, preferring such ...


20

The BBC is a collection of entities, some of which are funded by the British government, some of which are not. The BBC's news output which is available outside of the UK is run by BBC Global News, Ltd. This company is not funded in any way by the UK government or by the license fee that is paid by UK residents, but strictly by advertising and subscription ...


17

Absent action from the House of Commons, the UK will leave the EU at 23:00 BST on 12 April, regardless of whether or not the Withdrawal Agreement has been ratified. That, as per both Article 50 of the Treaty of the European Union and the EU Withdrawal Act (2018), are the legal default positions as of this writing. The House has voted on numerous occasions ...


16

EDIT: disclaimer in response to comments below questioning my motivation or ascribing partisanship to the way I have approached this question: My answer is not intended as an apologia for Trump; in fact the Trump administration is also clearly guilty of using the exact same techniques of misdirection, reframing, and appeal to emotion. My answer only intended ...


16

Imagine you have neighbours on either side of you. One is a peaceful, reasonable type who is happy to live in peace and does not bother you, except for the usual little gripes about dogs barking and rubbish blowing about. You know this guy has a large collection of deadly weapons, which bothers you a bit but you know if you had a burglar your neighbour ...


16

Because FARA is a vague written law that can be used to target particular individuals/entities that the current US government does not like. For example from Wikipedia, United States v. Franklin: The 2005 case of United States v. Franklin, Rosen, and Weissman against United States Department of Defense employee Larry Franklin and American Israel ...


16

Local government elections don't have any direct impact on each other and there is no consensus way to quantify the fact that an election in a small city, or a city with more seats on its council, may be less important than in a major city, or a seat with fewer seats on its council. Similarly, is the only thing that matters how many local governments are ...


15

I think it's important to understand the origin of "fake news" first, and Trump's use of "deflection" second. First, fake news was originally almost a wholly right wing concoction. Take for example the reports of Hillary Clinton's seizures, [1],[2], and the vicious story accusing her and others of being members of a child sex ring run out of the pizzeria, ...


14

I would argue that a Neutral Point of View is not even definable in most topics. More concrete, it is only definable in topics which are fully understood. You can write a neutral article about Maxwell's Equations of electromagnetism, because the physics behind is well understood. However, if the topic is about historical persons or events, nothing is ever ...


13

Alex Jones claims Pepsi uses baby fetuses as flavouring. Interpret that as you like.


13

Government-sponsored programs have a mandate to serve the public, at large, and to serve them in a relatively even-handed fashion, because it is the public, at large, in its entirety, that are paying the taxes that fund those programs. There is no such mandate for private, for-profit entities, unless it serves to maximize profits for the owners. While some ...


12

I'd disagree that it doesn't exist. Certainly, with conservatives being more supportive of established conventions, irreverent humor that tends to be particularly political in how it will mock or skewer those conventions might tend to be a liberal genre. And, certainly, the idea some conservatives espouse that mocking those conventions is a sign of the ...


12

I think some of the answers/comments need to be pointed out as flawed. "The liberal media", doesn't make sense because TV is a for profit business and if a conservative comedy hour drew enough listeners, it would be aired, in fact, given that conservative listeners tend to be quite loyal, I'd go so far as to say TV stations would fight for the rights to air ...


11

The traditional networks were (and still are, I presume) broadcast as radio transmissions from stations either owned by the network or affiliated with them. The FCC issues licenses for that. However, the FCC has to have a very good reason to revoke a broadcast license, more than an aggrieved president. Any such action would be subject to the judgment of a ...


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