52

Longer range missiles could conceivably be sea-launched, as an SLBM, from a standoff position. Having a more capable platform would give that option. (India does have SLBMs but not necessarily of same family) as others have pointed out, a longer range allows India to site its missiles in safer areas, rather than on their borders. Current geo-politics can ...


46

The US relationship with Pakistan is complicated, but for decades it was viewed as an ally. In the 1970's and 80's, India was somewhat friendly towards the Soviet Union (while remaining nonaligned). That encouraged a relationship between Pakistan and the US. After India developed a nuclear weapon, the US (as I understand it) looked the other way while ...


25

To quote UK Essays. (November 2018). Geopolitical Position Of Pakistan History Essay, " Pakistan has a significant geopolitical position as it is situated in a region that is of high grandness due to its political, economic, and strategic position. " The primary reasons for the incentives that Pakistan enjoys from the US despite the repeated ...


15

Part of the question was about the rules-based international order, which is more of a political concept than a strict legal one. Many countries disagree what exactly it means. There is no rulebook which says, "if you didn't break any of these enumerated rules lately, you will be a trusted member of the international order." Pakistan has had ...


11

Not ... exactly. Pashtun culture is traditionally very tribal. So it is much more natural for them to feel allegiance to their family groups, tribes, and clans. Effectively, this means they like their politics very decentralized. This is why the north western province of Pakistan bordering Afghanistan, which is also mostly Pashtun, has a reputation for being ...


8

At risk of stating the obvious, nations typically do not make diplomatic overtures to nations with which they have good relations. And diplomatic thaws typically do not begin when both nations coincidentally call each other up at the same time. Someone has to make the first overture, and Pakistan decided it would be them. Let's take it for granted there is a ...


6

Short Answer - Self Defence. Long Answer - No matter how peaceful and well meaning a country may be, there will always be existential risks from unfriendly nations. The risks are reduced with alliances like NATO, but still exist at larger subcontinental level. This can only be eliminated with a world government which will take long time. The reach of ...


5

Biden has also announced possibly delaying troop withdrawal from Afghanistan, interpreted as a tougher stance on the Taliban who haven't exactly honored all their commitments under the peace plan. So the new US administration may have calculated that they'd need more Pakistani support to put pressure on the Taliban this way too. (I'm not saying this is the ...


4

Legally, no. They have purchased a piece of hardware and they are responsible for how it is used. Even if it were written into the arms sale, a subsequent government could break that contract. Practically, modern weapon systems contain a real lot of complicated software. Millions of lines of code. Can they be really sure that the US has not buried a "...


4

While I generally agree with JJJ's answer, I want to add two more reasons: Strategic missiles should generally be placed as far from the potential adversary as possible in order to squeeze out few precious additional minutes before you have to launch the second strike or lose those missiles. In India's case that means deploying them at the Southern tip of ...


4

I don't think you'll find a single reference that will accurately cover all ceasefire violations. It's a large area and I don't think there are neutral observers who have direct access to the entire area. In the past there was a UN mission, United Nations India-Pakistan Observation Mission (UNIPOM), which was tasked with observing the ceasefire. That mission ...


3

The deal fell through. The Australian Financial Review stated in 2020 that In 2014 while attending the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland, Mr Forrest hailed a deal with the Pakistani state of Punjab as a pathway to freeing 2.5 million people from modern slavery. The deal involved providing Australian technology touted as being able to convert ...


3

Accession to India by Maharaja Hari Singh, ruler of the princely state of Jammu and Kashmir, on 26 October 1947 In the case of India, it seems the government references the procedures established prior to Independence by which the rulers of princely states would decide whether their state would accede to India, accede to Pakistan or become an independent ...


3

Bhutto was quite special, she was the first woman to head a democratic government in a Muslim majority country. She was seen in the West as a champion of democracy and liberal values in Pakistan. In 1988 Bhutto campaigned on a platform of economic liberalism and the free market and opposition to both the socialist policies of her Father, military rule of ...


3

They are not permitted to cross the line dividing their part of a village to that of a higher caste, so crossing a border would be completely out of the question. Remember, these people are the lowest caste, treated like animals and have been brought up with little education and being taught their place. The very thought of leaving probably wouldn't even ...


2

Speaking generally, there are four main reasons, and two implied reasons, why nations prefer highways to railways. I would assume these hold in Pakistan as well as anywhere else. Ease of interface with existing infrastructure: Railroads are specialized high-efficiency, high-mass networks that excel at getting ton-miles on the cheap. They require, however, ...


2

No. Israel would be exhibit A in that category. In 1981, Israel conducted Operation Opera using F-16 fighters to attack and destroy a nuclear reactor (being built by France) in Iraq. The US was not a party to it, nor did they publicly approve. In 2007 Operation Outside the Box used F-15 and F-16 fighters to destroy a nuclear reactor being constructed in ...


2

(Thanks to Gary 2 for finding this piece of news) Pakistan was reported to have raised concerns with China in Sep 2018 when its minister for religious affairs, Noorul Haq Qadri (of the then recently elected Khan government) met Chinese envoy Yao Xing this week to discuss the situation of the Uighurs in China's western Xinjiang province Alas the media ...


1

According to the South China Post, in an article written by journalist Gulshan Rafiq, Pakistan is looking for a positive change under Biden's administration and to address it's concerns on regional instability. They are concerned with the US ties with Modi's India, which were built up during Trump's administration, believing that US South Asia policies ...


1

After the Bangladeshi War of Independence in 1971, Pakistan only recognised Bangladesh three years later after coming under pressure from other muslim countries. Relations then thawed with the then Prime Minister of Pakistan, Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto visting Bangladesh and paying homage to the war memorial in Savar Upazila and the then Prime Minister of ...


1

China and Pakistan are India’s main potential enemies today. But geopolitics changes faster than weapons development programmes, and perhaps tomorrow they’ll need an offensive or deterrent capability against Japan, or Germany, or South Africa.


1

He actually says it at 17:45 in that interview that "commercial interests" of a "huge market" (India) prevent [Western] countries from taking a stronger position against India. Pakistan's Foreign Office has protested the [latest] US-India agreement, but not an incredibly strong terms. I guess they have to straddle the line on that since ...


1

It doesn't take much research to see why Hussain Haqqani has a dislike for Pakistan due to his kidnapping and being roughed up for a couple months while being detained. It seems this alone would be enough for any normal person to dislike such a country that allows their jail system to treat people so inhumane. Additionally, as in the second paragraph of the ...


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