74

Because the two main parties absorb emergent third parties Any time any third party starts to get serious traction in the United States, it eventually will find one of the major parties shifting its platform to absorb those voters into its coalition. Unlike most of the other parties in America, the Democrats and the Republicans are both in the business of ...


58

The first important thing to notice is that political labels mean different things in different parts of the world and in different points of time. In contemporary US politics libertarian is usually used to describe a set of political values that advocate liberal social policies with conservative economic policies. This means they don't fit neatly on a left/...


48

The NYT has analyzed the Republican Party and found that it has slightly moved to the right since 2000. Note that the Republican Party stood already far to the right of conservative parties in Western Europe and Canada. Pew Research observed a move to the right from 1994 to 2014 among Republican voters as well. FiveThirtyEight has also noticed a ...


45

Libertarianism is neither Left nor Right-wing. It's on a spectrum opposite of Authoritarianism. So, as you go further towards Authoritarian, you want more and more government control and intervention in society. As you go further in the opposite direction on this spectrum, you want less government control and smaller government. This means that as a ...


45

I'd say anyone who tells you they have "scientific" information on media bias isn't being objective. But it is entirely possible to present a "systematic" information on media bias, and at least one online source with that goal is https://mediabiasfactcheck.com. They have an explicit methodology, which says: When determining bias, there isn’t any ...


29

As a preface, the idea of the chart is accurate, in a sense that there is a consensus among political scientists or pretty much anyone else with interest in politics that a multi-axis political spectrum model (like Nolan chart, or the chart you show which is an example of a political compass) is a far better, more accurate, more useful, and overall less ...


24

No, because there are different dimensions. There is authoritarianism/anti-authoritarianism, versus liberal/conservative. Here are several charts which shows the possible outlays expanding on the limited left/right paradigm. This is a Nolan Chart. It uses the axis of personal freedom vs. economic freedom. Left anarchists don't believe in economic freedom. ...


19

I'll take you through a Thought Experiment to show why this isn't really possible. Imagine you were trying to judge whether networks A, B, and C were 'biased' on the coverage of, say, "Should the US offer aid to the rebels of [country name]?" So, you might think, well, they should have facts from all sides. Present all the facts. Have people on to ...


18

Generally, words like "extremism" are pejorative and there really is no substance. However, there are some general categories of definitions in political science. I had the fortune to meet Dr. Haider-Markel while at the University of Kansas. This section is taken from my notes for a graduate course in political extremism and terrorism he taught in 2011. ...


18

The question presented is "on what dimensions/issues does the Republican party differs substantially from right-wing parties in Europe?" Short Answer An answer to this question has to start from the point of recognizing a false premise in the question. The U.S. has one viable party of the left, the Democratic Party, and one viable party of the ...


18

Many studies have been conducted to test exactly this question. This study from 2012 asked participants 4 factual questions about international events, and 5 questions about domestic ones (questions like "It took a long time to get the final results of the Iowa caucuses for Republican candidates. In the end, who was declared the winner?") Nobody did very ...


18

It's really not possible to understand things like this on a left-right scale, since they're essentially libertarian issues. To a certain kind of leftist/liberal, they might be anathema because they (supposedly) interfere with societal productivity &c*. Likewise, to the limited government kind of conservative – as opposed to the religious right/social ...


14

Some factors to consider when looking at the shifts to the right in the United States: The failure of loose monetary policy in the 1970s- A misunderstanding of how people would respond to monetary stimulus led to the stagflation of the 1970s. Before this failure, there was much more optimism that the government could manage economic downturns with the ...


13

Semantic Drift makes political terms meaningless (or at least greatly diffuses their meaning) over time. This is especially true of -isms. For example, Thomas Jefferson was a Liberal and he would be appalled with the current state of what is called "Liberalism." So you get terms like "Classical Liberal", "Neo Liberal", etc. With Libertarianism, there are ...


11

TL;DR: Vaccination opinion is not significantly correlated to political leanings, but there's not enough data on possible relationships to specific other issues. There's not a lot of recent pollster data on this question, but what there is suggests that the anti-vaccine group is spread across the entire political spectrum, with only a small correlation to ...


11

I'll address part of the issue with something of a frame challenge. It is a common misunderstanding, which you seem to be falling prey to, to think of the Democratic and Republican parties as largely homogeneous monoliths. In fact they are more like coalitions of parties, which can vary widely (especially across geography). For examples: The Democrats ...


10

What is "the right?" The only consistent answer is "a group of people who oppose the left." For example, consider a law that makes it illegal for a business to kick out a person of a certain race or ethnicity. The majority of the people who society identifies as "the left" support this law because they want to protect that minority. Some libertarians ...


10

Verdant Labs has data on the political leanings sorted by profession, based on campaign contributions. For software engineers: For other IT professions: Others have similar data based on campaign contributions (eg Business Insider). I would prefer polls asking the actual political leanings based on professions, but I couldn't find any data on that.


9

In USA (and likely, in the rest of the western countries) the gender gap is decidedly the opposite to what your thesis is for Russia (though, without details of Russian polls and statistics, I am unsure how much of the data in your question is a personal guess and how much a fact). The people press has reported recent statistics (this is Pew which is ...


9

Before being able to say where Sanders would stand in other political systems, we have to determine what his position actually is. Wikipedia has a good - and well sourced - overview: Academic commentators have pointed out that the identification of Sanders' political platform and ideology with "democratic socialism" is inaccurate. Samuel Goldman, ...


9

The far-right is rising mainly in Europe currently though it has also affected other countries, such as the US. As seen from the Wikipedia page, it is more prevalent in Europe. There have been various reasons that have led to far-right parties gaining ground in elections, but people are mainly discontented with the "migrant crisis, sluggish economic ...


9

@Joe's answer gives excellent concrete examples of how a party moves toward 'the center'. For a theoretical explanation, see The Median Voter Theorem and Hotelling's Game. If a platform or policy becomes popular, then it is picked up by one of the two major parties. An example is the Democratic party adoption of cannabis reform. The two major parties also ...


9

I've seen Libertarian views as quite split, both left and right--and I haven't seen this mentioned in any answer here. Note: To avoid the almost complete lack of an absolute definition of left/right I'm using contemporary US left & right--for this answer left & right will also be synonymous with contemporary US liberal & conservative. The ...


8

The question is titled "On what dimensions does the current Republican party differ substantially from the right-wing parties in Europe?" and links to a column by Nicholas Kristof. However, the Kristof column doesn't make comparisons with Europe in any detail; it links to a separate 2019 interactive graphics article by Sahil Chinoy that does this. ...


8

Wikipedia is correct that libertarian originally emerged as a left-wing ideology which bears little resemblance to the right-wing ideology now associated with the name. According to right-libertarian Murray Rothbard: “One gratifying aspect of our rise to some prominence is that, for the first time in my memory, we, ‘our side,’ had captured a crucial word ...


8

Neither Is Libertarianism left wing or right wing? Neither "left" nor "right" describes libertarian philosophy. Left-wing versus Right-wing is one-dimensional thinking. Combined with never-ending changes in definitions, this brings endless confusion to political discussions. Two-dimensional thinking For clarity and insight, consider the ...


8

Assuming that by “more liberal”, you mean towards opinions that have recently been associated with the Democratic party. Which does not necessarily correspond to self-identification as “liberal”/“conservative” or “left”/“right”, or to non-US definitions of “liberal”. Pew Research Center asked Americans the same 10 questions between 1994 and 2017. and the ...


8

You don't need to decide. A party doesn't think "hmm we're a left wing party and even though we think this particular policy is a good idea, our analysis shows it to be officially right wing, so we will oppose it." Instead there are policies that tend to go together, for example (in the USA) single-payer health care and gun control. By "go ...


8

The short answer is: "By public consensus." An important thing to note here is that there is no legal or scientific definition for right-wing or left-wing policy. These are labels given by popular consensus which evolved out of necessity for people to articulate where they stand relative to each other. Think of it like describing temperature. The ...


7

user4012's answer is spot on, though I would add that even if we assumed the categories were correct, the problem is that the system is along a two dimensional axis of (presumably) economic and political rights. But that ignores political ideologies which value other things, like environment or religion. In either case they can both be assigned somewhere ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible