145

The article on Bhutan in the English-language Wikipedia has this explanation: The population of Bhutan had been estimated based on the reported figure of about 1 million in the 1970s when the country had joined the United Nations and precise statistics were lacking. Thus, using the annual increase rate of 2–3%, the most population estimates were around 2 ...


36

Economic migration (temporary or more permanent) is considered the main factor. This is quite apparent in the Eastern EU countries. Note that the official EU terminology is "mobility" not migration, inside the Single Market. (Source.) Bruegel has roughly the same info as a graph over time. Something a bit similar happens to Ukraine's workforce, even ...


25

Because it was a compromise struck at the Constitutional Convention between the large colonies like Virginia and New York, and the smaller colonies like Connecticut and Rhode Island that all states would get an equal say in the Senate to prevent the large states from forcing their policies on the Smaller states. It was known as the Connecticut Compromise. ...


18

I'll preface this answer by saying that Initially I intended to gather data in support of my initial speculation: that population decline is due to economic migration. After gathering data I have decided however to keep this answer as pure data and let others provide answers based on any specific country's situation. This might be considered a "support" ...


16

When I was in school and read about the population problem of the country, I thought that every problem in the country is because of this huge population. I thought that if population can be controlled, most of the problems can be solved. I had the same question, why Government does nothing to control it. Now, after growing up, I have seen and experienced ...


12

I think that the other answers miss the main point, which is not migration away from the country, but rather the lack of migration into the country. The population is decreasing practically everywhere in the western world, but in more developed countries the (economic) immigration makes up for this loss and keeps the population stable.


9

Almost all European countries have below-replacement birth rates - that is, less than 2 births per woman on average, assuming approximately equal numbers of each gender. This follows an ongoing trend from the start of effective medical treatment, and particularly from the start of vaccination. When most children died before the age of 5, you had to have ...


8

Population change is a function of birth rate, death rate and net migration. Birth rates have declined in both Germany and Switzerland (at almost identical rates), but Switzerland has had more immigration relative to its population than Germany (25% of the population of Switzerland if foreign born while only 15% of the German population is foreign born), ...


8

This is a late answer, but I will try to answer from a different perspective. The Government has actually tried to control the overpopulation - Wikipedia tells us that: India's state of emergency between 1975 and 1977 included a family planning initiative that began in April 1976 through which the government hoped to lower India's ever increasing ...


8

"Celibacy syndrome" was a term coined by a journalist for a 2013 article the article combined two popular "click-bait" topics: "Sex" and "Weird Japan". The data used to support the existence of such a "syndrome" was poorly sourced. There is little evidence that such a syndrome exists and no evidence that it is a major contributor to the birth rate. Indeed ...


8

Pretty abnormal, and certainly the best example of an exception to the traditional wisdom of urban/democrat, rural/republican. Using the 2016 state-level results, as well as the results of the rural/urban divide from the 2010 census found here, we can create a similar plot to the one in your question, which shows us Vermont and Maine as the two outliers on ...


6

There is no general answer to your question. Some states have very low population like Iceland, Monaco, Andorra. We may draw off a few hypotheses though. The country won't likely be taken over by another. It is a member of NATO and EU. Many countries in Europe are declining in terms of population. So it is possible that the government will see this as ...


5

India is one of the world's leading Democracies. As such, it is very difficult to make sweeping decisions, as china is enabled to do with its one ruling party and its censorship and all like that. I see this as a good thing in some cases, and a bad thing in other cases. Perhaps some people in India, like some in America, believe that population control in ...


5

In Uzbekistan they used to/still sterilize women after they had their second child to prevent population increase. I can try to find other examples but there isn't many.


4

Many countries have policies to keep the demographics of a country from changing too rapidly, by limiting total numbers of immigrants and making it difficult to become a citizen. This article notes obtaining citizenship in Austria, Germany, Japan, Switzerland, and the U.S. is extremely difficult, though sometimes permanent resident status is easier. Most ...


4

Japan has a population of over 120 million, in an area of a little under 400000 km2. Compare this to California: an area of a little over 400000km2, and a population of 40 million. So imagine tripling the population of California. You need to build homes for all these people. You probably don't build in Yosemite or Trinity forest, because these areas are ...


4

The United States does not have a restrictive immigration policy. Donald Trump wants it to have a more restrictive immigration policy. The US has the largest foreign born population in the world. Source. Many of the countries with a higher foreign-born percentage are considerably smaller. Only the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Australia, and ...


4

There are answers dealing with the things that might be done to avoid this scenario or stating that this would never happen. Therefore this answer will assume that these things didn't occur or failed to work and will address what might happen if this scenarios succoured. Firstly it may be important to think about what makes a nation state. there are two ...


4

Hopefully, you really really can't. While India isn't a signature to any convention like GDPR it is a party to a number of other international declarations that recognize the right to privacy. Specifically; India has also not yet enacted specific legislation on data protection. However, the Indian legislature did amend the Information Technology Act (2000) (...


3

CSIS's "Russian Roulette" podcast covered it in Episode 38: "Of Post-Soviet Demographics". The episode material was largely based on research by political scientist Judy Twigg. There are three main drivers (A good article detailing them is "Russia’s Fraught Demographic Future" by Ilan Berman: Mortality According to UN estimates, Russia now ranks 126th ...


3

Statistics There wouldn't be just one strategy. Democrats and Republicans could each choose a strategy. For example, if Democrats won every vote in the top 145 counties, they would have just over 50% of the vote and could beat the Republicans in the remaining 2997 counties (county populations from 2013). Contrast that with the 489 counties that the ...


2

How can they achieve total control over such population with only 50.000 fighters? Also, a huge portion of the fighters must deal with the ongoing civil war so the number of jihadists handling the civilians must be significantly lower than the total amount of fighters they have. Without going into specifics of the Islamic State, it's quite easy to see that ...


2

However, I am interested in the political factors/decisions that favored this kind of city developing An important political factor that influences how land use is regulated in Japan is that authority over land use regulation is largely at the national/regional level, rather than the local level as it is in the U.S. This makes "not in my backyard" (...


2

Japan on Wikipedia, stats: Area: 377,972 km^2 (145,936 sq mi) Population: 126,740,000 Density: 336/km^2 (870.2/sq mi) Compare to California: Area: 423,970 km^2 (163,696 sq mi) Population: 39,250,017 Density: 93/km^2 (240/sq mi) The United Kingdom: Area: 242,495 km^2 (93,628 sq mi) Population: 65,648,000 Density: 270.7/km^2 (701.1/sq mi) ...


2

Reality The fact is that Buhtan was not well developed. It was estimated that about 1.2 million people was its population. The UN increased it by 3-4% every year. It came out to be 2 million. But after the 2006 census. The population was noted as 600,000 people. Buhtan is now well censused and its estimates are also decreased,.... So this is the reality. ...


2

Where are these immigrants coming from? Mexico is the top origin country of the U.S. immigrant population. In 2016, 11.6 million immigrants living in the U.S. were from there, accounting for 26% of all U.S. immigrants. The next largest origin groups were those from China (6%), India (6%), the Philippines (4%) and El Salvador (3%). By region of birth, ...


2

Urban areas tend to vote Democratic, and have a comparatively large numbers of 9-5 workers — white collar, blue collar, and service work — who cannot get to the polls early. In the last few decades, urban areas have also tended to have more compacted polling stations, i.e., polling stations with insufficient personnel or equipment to handle the amount of ...


1

The historical examples of near complete depopulation of a territory are extremely rare, probably Easter Island stands chiefly among them, for a combination of ecological and external factors: It is believed that Easter Island's Polynesian inhabitants arrived on Easter Island sometime in the 12th century AD. They created a thriving and industrious culture,...


1

This is a biological answer rather than a political one, but... I have heard it asserted that an unnaturally gender-tilted environment actually selects for the other gender. Given binary pairings, if there are a lot more men than women, people who have male children are actually less likely to have their genes passed on to the next generation than those who ...


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