68 votes
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How does Israel change its leaders without an election?

The situation in early 2021 The change in leadership, in this case, is coming about after an election. Legislative elections were held in March 2021, but no party reached the 61-seat threshold needed ...
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  • 81.3k
64 votes
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UK PM is taking his proposal to EU but has not proposed to his own parliament - can he legally bypass the UK parliament?

He can negotiate and sign agreements without involving parliament yes, but Parliament will need to ratify the agreement once signed for it to come into force. So far he's negotiating with the EU just ...
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  • 5,753
59 votes
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In the UK parliament, how much of Prime Minister's Questions is pre-planned?

Prime Minister's Questions (PMQs) is in theory no different from the usual departmental ministers' questions, with the key difference being that instead of the questions being known ahead of time, a &...
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  • 81.3k
56 votes
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Why is the vote of no confidence on the prime minister for Conservative MPs only?

Because it's not a vote of confidence in the Prime Minister, it's a vote of confidence in the Leader of the Conservative Party, who also happens to be the Prime Minister. See the announcement from the ...
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  • 81.3k
37 votes

How does Israel change its leaders without an election?

In a Parliamentary system, the Prime Minister and the rest of the executive are not elected. When we talk about an “elected government”, that’s actually an imprecise abbreviation for “a government ...
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  • 3,208
32 votes
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How is Katrin Jakobsdottir (Prime Minister of Iceland) able to remain in office despite winning third-most seats in last election?

This can occur when there is a compromise candidate. In the Icelandic coalition, there are a conservative and a progressive party in coalition with a green party. The conservative party may have ...
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  • 92.7k
30 votes

Is there enough support in the UK parliament for a no confidence vote in the PM?

148 Conservative MPs ... ... have voted in favor of a change of leadership of the conservative party. Had they prevailed, there would be a new Conservative prime minister. That is a very different ...
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  • 14.4k
28 votes
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If the UK Prime Minister suddenly dies, what happens?

Your understanding is correct - there is no UK Prime Minister until one is appointed by the Queen. In the meantime, the Civil Contingencies Act (2004) gives the Monarch (in practice, government ...
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  • 81.3k
26 votes
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How does a British Prime Minister 'sack' Ministers?

In all cases that I can think of, the minister is told to resign, and they do so. Even in cases when it is clear to everyone that the Minister has been fired, it is presented as a resignation1. ...
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26 votes
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Are British Prime Ministers forbidden from cycling?

No, it's not forbidden per se, but as Joe C mentioned, the security concerns of the Prime Minister cycling in London probably make it more trouble than it's worth. On the other hand, Johnson has often ...
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  • 81.3k
25 votes
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In the UK Conservative party, what happens when a vote of no confidence in the leader fails?

Under current Conservative Party rules, she remains leader, and cannot be subject to a party confidence vote for another year. Being a party matter, none of this affects any parliamentary vote of no ...
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20 votes

Is there enough support in the UK parliament for a no confidence vote in the PM?

While the title question is "Is there enough support for a no-confidence vote?" I want to answer one of the questions in the text first: Is it possible for the opposition to launch a no ...
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18 votes

Who will lead the country until there is a new Tory leader?

She resigned as the conservative party leader effective June 7th. That will lead to a new prime minister in due course, since her successor in the party role would presumably want to become the new ...
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  • 81.1k
17 votes
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How can US presidents commute criminal sentences?(i.e. Manning Jan 17), but UK Prime-ministers can't?

The US President's Pardon-Power The United States Constitution gives the President the ability to pardon criminal offences: he shall have Power to grant Reprieves and Pardons for Offences against ...
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  • 23.3k
16 votes

What is Theresa May waiting for?

Based on the reporting, she's staying a bit longer for two main reasons: The prime minister will remain in Downing Street, to shoulder the blame for what are expected to be dire results for her ...
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15 votes
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What power does the UK parliament hold over a Prime Minister whom they refuse to remove from power?

How much power does Parliament actually wield in a situation like this? Could they force a recalcitrant Prime Minister to take actions he/she does not agree with using another method (i.e. legislation)...
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  • 5,753
15 votes
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Has a former Prime Minister ever broken a three-line whip before?

Edward Heath, (PM in the 1970s) defied an opposition whip in 1997 by abstaining on the vote on the Treaty of Amsterdam. He was the only Conservative to defy the whip on this vote. (source, page 2 ...
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  • 92.7k
14 votes

How does a British Prime Minister 'sack' Ministers?

Legally, the status of ministers, as for other MPs, up until their resignation or "sacking", is that of an Office holder, which is separate from that of an employee. As such, the employment rights ...
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  • 456
14 votes

UK PM is taking his proposal to EU but has not proposed to his own parliament - can he legally bypass the UK parliament?

Specifically in the case of the Brexit process things are a bit different, Section 13 of the EU withdrawal act requires a meaningful vote The documents and an associated statement have been ...
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  • 21.3k
14 votes

How does Israel change its leaders without an election?

A Prime Minister needs to have a support of a majority of members of the Knesset (Parliament), otherwise he cannot govern. The Knesset has 120 seats, meaning 61 are needed for a majority. At the ...
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  • 27.7k
13 votes
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What is the precedent for replacing the British Prime Minster without a general election and what are the constitutional rules?

British Prime Ministers always leave office by resignation, unless they die in office. If their party loses a general election, they resign, although not always instantly. Gordon Brown remained ...
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  • 5,697
12 votes

What power does the UK parliament hold over a Prime Minister whom they refuse to remove from power?

The most honest answer would be that no-one really knows. Until the Fixed-Term Parliaments Act 2011, the situation couldn't arise because a PM who lost the ability to govern could use the royal ...
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  • 3,534
12 votes
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Germany: how [un]common is it for chancellor candidates to not be leader of their own party?

Not uncommon. It's not the first time, especially for the SPD: 1961 Willi Brandt wasn't the SPD leader 1965 Ludwig Erhard wasn't the CDU leader Helmut Schmidt was never the SPD leader 1983 Hans-...
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11 votes

Is there a term limit for prime minister of Pakistan?

I originally misread the question to refer to the president of Pakistan. The restrictions on the president and Prime Minister of Pakistan are set forth in the constitution of Pakistan. However, ...
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  • 2,654
10 votes
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Who will lead the country until there is a new Tory leader?

She will almost certainly remain as interim leader of both the Conservative Party and the Government until the new leader is appointed, as David Cameron did in 2016. Note that the two roles are ...
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  • 484
10 votes

Is regular Prime Minister's Questions (PMQs) something unique to the Westminister system?

In Germany, the government is required to answer written kleine Anfragen by members of parliament in writing. That has the same purpose as an oral question, but it lacks the cut-and-thrust of ...
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  • 81.1k
10 votes
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What does the Haitian Constitution provide for in the case of the death of the President?

Up until 2012, Article 149 of the Haitian Constitution used to obligate the National Assembly, convened by the Prime Minister, to invest the President of the Supreme Court of the Republic (or, if ...
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  • 81.3k
10 votes

Has a former Prime Minister ever broken a three-line whip before?

It seems that Margaret Thatcher also broke a three-line whip during her time in the House of Lords to vote for an amendment to the European Communities (Amendment) Act in 1993 which implemented the ...
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  • 81.3k
9 votes

Why did Imran Khan become the Prime Minister whereas Zardari became the President after winning elections?

The President is intended to be the ceremonial head-of-state, and a figurehead, rather than a person wielding political power. The President is chosen by an electoral college consisting of parliament, ...
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  • 92.7k
9 votes
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Is there any mechanism to remove a UK Prime Minister on the grounds of 'insanity'?

There are three ways in which a Prime Minister can be removed from office involuntarily: Under the terms of the Fixed Term Parliaments Act 2011, lose a no confidence vote in the House of Commons, ...
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