90

Enemies These governments designate or invent internal enemies, not just external ones, to justify repressive measures and to rally the rest of the population around the regime. An external enemy can do some of that, but it does not fully explain the Gestapo or NKVD. Actions of the enemy can be used to explain internal economic failures. The enemy justifies ...


71

My point is, it just seems ... well obvious to not be scared of terror attacks. It might seem that way to you, but it still doesn't stop politicians from demanding and making policy based on fear of terrorism: There are demands for extended surveillance, justified with requiring these as tools for law enforcement to fight terrorism. There are demands for ...


51

Yes, propaganda can be produced by any country or organization. For example, Wikipedia has a page on propaganda in the United States. Opinions may differ on what is or isn't propaganda, but I don't think there's any debate that it can be, and is, produced in democratic countries. It's also not limited to the past, for example that Wikipedia page lists a ...


43

Traffic accidents don't kill people to scare populations, terrorists do. That's literally what terrorism means : act in order to induce terror. Despite the efforts of a determined few to induce a general fear of Muslims (or to equate "Muslim" with "terrorist"), a lot of us know that traffic accidents kill far more people than terrorism, and aren't scared by ...


23

An inanimate traffic accident, unlike a living, thinking, scheming terrorist, does not exist with the intent to psychically demoralize people and induce terror. I'm not sure that is an apt analogy. If people seemed cowed and afraid, then a terrorist who killed hoping to induce terror will feel successful, and being successful, will feel like the recent ...


23

@o.m.'s response is very good. I would add that totalitarian regimes are also good at confusing their citizens, to the point where they can believe completely contradictory things. For example, in USSR, people genuinely believed they are in the best of all worlds (give or take), but also generally knew that any "wrong" action would be cruelly punished. ...


22

Propaganda is merely mass media offerings with a distinct political bias and/or focused political agendas. Most US political campaign rhetoric these days — e.g., claims like "Mr Smith will be the greatest, most conservative senator that ever came from Kansas" — are technically propaganda, since they offer a biased understanding of the subject with ...


21

Since you ask about the situation around the world, as an example of such a law (kind of) the UK has the Representation of the People Act 1983 which among other clauses has: 106 (1) A person who, or any director of any body or association corporate which— (a) before or during an election, (b) for the purpose of affecting the return of any candidate at the ...


18

To expand on o.m.'s answer, consider the fictitious country of Oceania from the book 1984, where the story is set. Oceania is constantly at war, just the details change from time to time Oceania was at war with Eastasia: Oceania had always been at war with Eastasia. A large part of the political literature of five years was now completely obsolete. Reports ...


14

The government is "best" only compared to some other one. I don't know how Nazi Germany did, but in the USSR and it's satellites people were quite limited in their ability to compare. The information from the outside was filtered and/or outright made up. Travelling abroad was generally restricted to those who are pretty sure their government is best FOR ...


13

@o.m. should get the check-doot, but I want to expand on the facets of fear that are used. Animal Farm illustrated the point wonderfully. The pigs drove Farmer Jones off of his farm, then convinced the other farm animals that the reason Farmer Jones was trying to retake the land (backed up by other humans) was because they feared that all farm animals ...


12

A sea captain is committed to obey to international sea law. After rescuing people, she is bound to coordinate with Rescue Co-ordination Centre (in this case, the Italian Coast Guards Operations Centre) and bring the survivors to the closest place of safety (in this case Lampedusa). Carola Rackete did both. There has been discussions whether Tunisia can ...


11

The point of saying that you're not afraid of terrorist attacks is to refute the terrorists. After all, the whole point of terrorist attacks is to frighten people (duh!) into forcing policy changes that are favorable to the terrorists. People don't say that they are not afraid of e.g. traffic accidents because (with a few lamentable exceptions) they are ...


11

The journalist has (probably) committed libel, which is (mostly) not a crime in the US but can result in civil liability (i.e. B could sue the journalist). Since A and the journalist conspired to produce this fake news, they would likely share in this liability (assuming B can prove they acted in concert). To establish a case of libel or defamation in the US,...


10

It had to register as a foreign agent because it is a foreign agent. The US classifies RT as "Russia’s state-run propaganda machine" and says that it interfered in the presidential election. The BBC covered this and other questions about RT: The US government requires all agencies, individuals and organisations controlled or funded by international ...


9

Usually, the Trump administration referred to the virus as "coronavirus", "the coronavirus", or, more commonly in press releases and official documents, the official WHO name of "COVID-19". The response team headed by VP Mike Pence was termed the "Coronavirus Task Force", for example. There are however, instances prior to March 12th, when the allegations ...


9

Various definitions of propaganda exist. According to the more extensive of these much of the persuasive messaging qualifies. However, sometimes a distinction is made between "white" and "black" propaganda (the latter is often equated with disinformation), although the line isn't totally clear. "White" propaganda is often enough ...


8

Absent a clandestine recording or smuggled out meeting notes from FSB meeting discussing this, it's impossible to answer conclusively. However, if you assume what your question assumes (that the intent is to embarrass South Korea), there's ample reason to do so: South Korea is a strong US ally in general. Additionally, it's the focal point of Korean ...


8

Garret Marquis, a National Security Council spokesman, said: "The video was created by the NSC to help the President demonstrate the benefits of complete denuclearization, and a vision of a peaceful and prosperous Korean Peninsula," Garrett Marquis, a NSC spokesman, said in a statement. So it appears that they just used the name "Destiny Pictures" to ...


7

These people have two connected goals: Safeguard the life of the individual humans they have rescued from inadequate boats at sea. Establish the principle for the benefit of all life-savers at sea that refugees who try crossing the Med shall be processed by the nearest European state. Your proposed course of action would have met the first goal, if it had ...


7

Propaganda I just listened to Arsenals of Folly which was excellent and had some information I hadn't heard about from the inside of the USSR. Apparently Gorbachev grew up on a farm. Stalin caused famines and tortured people. He instituted policies where farmers only got to keep food after they provided their quota to the government, and the quota was ...


7

As stated by o.m., that there was typically a strong element of "we are the better than the alternative" at play. The entire carrot and stick approach, is, I think, nicely encapsulated in the following propaganda poster. Honor, Freedom, and Bread is the exact message (which sounds awkwardly like the Bolshevik line of "peace, bread, and power to the soviet")...


6

There is a wide variety of benefits Trump is quite popular in Russia. According to YouGov poll, Trump has 20% margin over Clinton in popularity in Russia. Endorsing someone your people like is definitely a positive for your own image. Clinton is quite unpopular in Russia. Not just as a competitor to Trump, but in general. She's viewed both as Bill ...


6

Russia has been fuelling anti-vaxxer sentiment in the US Probably not for the main reason of subverting US health though. They probably did it for the same reason that they promote contradictory political positions, including their pseudo-promotion of "Black lives matter" etc. As CBS summarized In the study, professor David Broniatowski and his ...


6

Since this question was posted, the 2019-2020 bushfire season in Australia has amplified climate change debate throughout Australia, making this question far easier to answer. Many publications, predominantly the Guardian, but also the New York Times, Time magazine, and others have criticised the Murdoch-owned media within Australia for their failure to ...


6

Yes, and no. (Note: this answers only covers the situation outside of wartime, when formal censorship and propaganda programs can be expected to be put in place. Only promotion of a government or country - the rest is basically advertising. Last, manipulation of information makes it propaganda). First, we do generally enjoy a free press, even if some ...


5

It's doubtful. He might have changed his opinion over time, but if he did it probably wasn't to get back at Trump. This article from the end of 2013, for instance, notes that McCain was among the 10 Republicans who voted for the transgender ENDA bill. It introduced a number of protections for the LGBT in the workplace. It admittedly says nothing about ...


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