83 votes

How could I build a political system immune to gerrymandering yet still giving local representation?

Multiple, proportionally weighted, representatives per district. Gerrymandering is only an issue because a 50.001% majority for a precinct and an 80% majority are considered equivariant. We also ...
Ash's user avatar
  • 1,670
46 votes

Why doesn't the UK Labour Party push for proportional representation?

Because Labour gets more seats with regional representation. Even the famed Tony Blair landslide majorities were never actually a popular majority. In 2005, Labour won 55% of the seats with 35% of ...
Paul Draper's user avatar
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44 votes
Accepted

Are there any examples of elected bodies where representatives with equal titles have actually different "weight" to their votes?

Are there any real-world examples of such legislative bodies, where two different members of the same body have different "weights" behind their votes? Yes. The Council of the European ...
cpast's user avatar
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39 votes

How could I build a political system immune to gerrymandering yet still giving local representation?

Note: This answer was written when the question was on Worldbuilding SE, the site for building consistent fictional worlds. The German System (simplified): Germany uses a form of Mixed-member ...
o.m.'s user avatar
  • 109k
33 votes

How could I build a political system immune to gerrymandering yet still giving local representation?

Mediaeval Iceland style: Throw out the geographical restrictions entirely. Anyone who gets the backing of a certain number of people becomes a representative entitled to speak and vote at the ...
Perkins's user avatar
  • 705
26 votes

Why doesn't the UK Labour Party push for proportional representation?

There is a strategic reason, and a philosophical reason, but they are related: With something like the current range of views in the UK, it is very unlikely that Labour could ever win a majority under ...
James K's user avatar
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23 votes

Are there any examples of elected bodies where representatives with equal titles have actually different "weight" to their votes?

A minor, but important example was the Nassau county board. It had six members with weighted votes. Hempstead #1: 9 Hempstead #2: 9 North Hempstead: 7 Oyster Bay: 3 Glen Cove: 1 Long Beach: 1 But ...
James K's user avatar
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17 votes
Accepted

How do party-list systems accommodate independent candidates?

Proportional systems tend to have a lot of parties, so independent candidates, that don't agree with any of them, tend to be less common. They still exist though. In Belgium, there are no specific ...
FrederikVds's user avatar
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16 votes
Accepted

How do political parties maintain local representation within proportional representation system?

Germany has a complicated mixture of direct and proportional representation, but the problems apply there as well. For the party list part of the system, the parties can assure reasonable regional ...
o.m.'s user avatar
  • 109k
15 votes

How could I build a political system immune to gerrymandering yet still giving local representation?

Drop the election, adopt demarchy Vote is not the only way to reach democracy. In fact, some argues that it prevent real democracy, and lead to oligarchy, because by selecting representetives, you ...
Kepotx's user avatar
  • 329
14 votes

How could I build a political system immune to gerrymandering yet still giving local representation?

The most interesting approach to this I've heard of was during the Alternative Vote referendum in the UK, where "oh but local representatives" was a major opposition argument. The proposal ...
Stephen's user avatar
  • 693
13 votes

How could I build a political system immune to gerrymandering yet still giving local representation?

Drop the two party system you seem to assume, and first-past-the-gate principle. In much of Europe it is proportional representation. Gerrymandering is not usually an issue. For example, here we have ...
Gnudiff's user avatar
  • 1,024
12 votes

In an MMP system, why don't parties game the system by splitting into two parties?

This has actually happened. Lesotho is one of the four or so countries to use the MMP system. In the 2007 general election, the ruling party voluntarily split in two, fielding only electorate ...
Ingolifs's user avatar
  • 391
12 votes

Why doesn't the UK Labour Party push for proportional representation?

Something else to consider: People vote differently in different voting systems. Right now, a lot of people vote for either Labour or the Conservatives not because they actually want to vote for them, ...
Kaz's user avatar
  • 447
12 votes

How do democracies other than the US handle changes to district maps?

Many countries (in Europe and elsewhere) use some sort of proportional representation with multiple seats per district. Districts are very stable, possibly as large as a US state or even just a single ...
Relaxed's user avatar
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12 votes

How do party-list systems accommodate independent candidates?

germany uses a mixed system for exactly this reason. Half the seats are elected as individual district candidates, the other half are then "filled up" from the party lists to make the party ...
o.m.'s user avatar
  • 109k
11 votes

How could I build a political system immune to gerrymandering yet still giving local representation?

No system can perfectly solve this problem mathematically, fundamentally it is an issue of aggregation and discretisation. When you aggregate a voter pool, you necessarily lose information about the ...
David258's user avatar
  • 209
10 votes

Are there any examples of elected bodies where representatives with equal titles have actually different "weight" to their votes?

Federal Council (Bundesrat) of Germany The Federal Council is the second chamber of the German Parliament. It represents the governments of the sixteen member states. Each government has a different ...
ccprog's user avatar
  • 8,234
9 votes

Does the introduction of proportional representation lead to extremists getting elected to parliament?

PR is often promoted as being more representative because it results in greater plurality, i.e. a greater variety of views and parties in government. The alternative you mention, First Past the Post, ...
user's user avatar
  • 17.7k
9 votes

Why doesn't the UK Labour Party push for proportional representation?

This may be a ridiculous suggestion, but it's possible that not all politicians are cynical. 😉 The question's premise is that Proportional Representation would be in the Labour Party's selfish ...
IMSoP's user avatar
  • 532
9 votes
Accepted

In open-list voting systems, how do political parties ensure their leaders (and key figures) get elected?

They cannot guarantee that their leader will be the first person elected in their party. However, there are a few things they can do to improve those odds (though it's hard to quantify the effect ...
Joe C's user avatar
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8 votes

In an MMP system, why don't parties game the system by splitting into two parties?

Leaving aside the obvious illegitimacy and dishonesty in this course of action (which would cost some votes and more reputation) and the ability of courts in common law countries to mitigate patent ...
lly's user avatar
  • 866
8 votes
Accepted

Do any theories justify majoritarian election outcomes?

The IDEA book, has among the advantages of first past the post one that might answer your question (on majority-biased outcomes): [b.] It gives rise to single-party governments. The ‘seat bonuses’ ...
the gods from engineering's user avatar
8 votes

What are the reasons behind discriminating between votes inside the country and those from diaspora in regard of proportional representation?

I think most countries do not allow expatriates to vote at all. The idea is that you are not affected by most of what the government of your home country does, so you should have little or no say ...
Rad80's user avatar
  • 349
8 votes

How could I build a political system immune to gerrymandering yet still giving local representation?

I actually built a system like this: Full description, including examples and notes. Is it any good? Don't know, but it's exactly what you asked for. The condensed version follows: Benefits: Immune ...
user3757614's user avatar
8 votes

How do party-list systems accommodate independent candidates?

In Australia, there is ranked choice voting. You can either vote below the line ranking each candidate individually, or for convenience you can choose to vote above the line just ranking the parties (...
benjimin's user avatar
  • 668
7 votes
Accepted

Who is counted for representation in the US Congress?

Everyone who resides in the 50 states of the United States is counted, including noncitizens. U.S. Armed Forces personnel and federal civilian employees stationed outside the United States are also ...
Panda's user avatar
  • 46.6k
7 votes

In a PR/STV system, is there any point in voting for a candidate I don't like to fight against one I like even less?

Morally, I agree with the message of the other current answers that in the absence of more information on the intentions of your fellow voters, it is often worth honestly stating your full ordering of ...
origimbo's user avatar
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