49

I wonder how we should react to a non-sentient robot claiming to hold a particular set of beliefs and principles. You should bear in mind that it is actually expressing the views of the controllers of the company that manufacturers it (or at least, the views they wish to publicly espouse), and act accordingly - i.e. with a heavy dose of healthy scepticism. ...


36

There is a lot of confusion regarding the French Gendarmerie, fueled by descriptions like “military police” or “military force with law enforcement duty” which are technically correct but do not fully reflect the nature and tactics of the force. Its members are indeed military officers, which has some legal consequences (trade unions are strictly forbidden, ...


27

Vivid imagery Consider this image from the first Selma to Montgomery march in 1965 (source) That's Amelia Boynton, left unconscious after being attacked on the Edmund Pettus Bridge on Bloody Sunday. To see an unarmed woman being treated like this helped to galvanize the Civil Rights movement and would lead to passage of the Voting Rights Act. Images ...


23

A YouGov poll just published today shows significant support across the political spectrum: The full results show that the level of support among Leavers (62%) is nearly as high as that among Stayers (70%). If that seems surprising it may be relevant that a study published last year found the following: Those who subscribe strongly to the Leave identity, ...


17

New Zealand Background: Police in New Zealand do not typically carry firearms on their person, despite a longstanding stated desire from the police association to do so. Since 2012 pistols and semi-automatic rifles are stored in lock boxes in patrol cars, which may be accessed at the officer's discretion, but they must advise their command if they are going ...


13

A (currently WIP) study entitled Militarization and Perceptions of Law Enforcement in the Developing World: Evidence from a Conjoint Experiment in Mexico by Flores-Macías, G., & Zarkin, J. looks at this factor in Mexico. This study uses data from an image-based conjoint experiment in a nationally representative survey, in which respondents were presented ...


8

In addition to Brian Z's answer, I found an older and less detailed poll, again run by YouGov, conducted on May 29th: This shows a rather large difference between the levels of support shown by Remainers & Leavers, but also a substantial amount of 'Don't know' responses compared to the survey in Brian's answer, suggesting opinions have changed somewhat ...


7

It really depends on the pollster. Generally, a random sample is taken of the population, using methods such as random telephone number generation, and this sample is then weighted to correct for demographic size and sampling issues. Gallup publishes information about how it samples the population for its weekly U.S. Poll. In this case, the sampling is done ...


5

Impeachment is a political process, not a legal one. The House impeaches if a majority of its members think that they are politically advantaged in doing so. The Senate convicts if 2/3 of its members think that they are politically advantaged in doing so. Generally members of the President's own party would only impeach/convict if they felt that they would ...


5

Wow, good question. I note that the title does not correspond to the questions in the text. Let me address an indirect question in the text, a bit tongue-in cheek: I wonder how we should react to a non-sentient robot claiming to hold a particular set of beliefs and principles. Well, that one is easy: We should ignore them. They are uninteresting. A hard ...


5

Carabinieri in Italy are a military police force, but they are basically indistinguishable from the police (they have essentially the same tasks). I would bet that many Italians don't even know that they are technically a part of the army. A recent poll (January 2020) measured 'trust' in various Italian police forces. Polizia di Stato (civil police): 69% (-...


4

Unclear This question should be answered by citing international studies on public trust in police institutions with a focus on militarization. Alas, a cursory search did not reveal any such studies. I have found, however, some information that may hint at an answer. Police militarization The study OP linked in their question defines police militarization as ...


4

To answer the question about trust in the written press, I think we need to zoom out. Let's first have a look at trust in institutions more broadly. That's a fair step because your figure compares different news media in different countries. So not only are the news organizations different, so are their audiences. Comparing trust in institutions ...


4

Just in the last few elections, there seem to be some decent examples: After President Obama's victories in 2008 and 2012, Public Policy Polling carried out polls (2008, 2012) which included asking voters whether they believed that Obama had legitimately won the election, or whether the Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now (ACORN) stole it ...


3

Is there any existing or proposed legal restriction on voice assistants expressing views rather than merely reporting facts? "Voice assistants" are no legal entities, and of course not sentient, but merely an auditive medium, as Don pointed out. In most jurisdictions, companies enjoy some degree of freedom of speech, and this goes for Amazon in ...


2

2000 - George W. Bush wins Florida by 537 votes, and thus crosses the 270 Electoral college votes to win. There's no polling on how many Democrats believe it was stolen, but that's possibly due to Gore himself, who actively shunned attempts to contest it after SCOTUS ruled She then learned that Jesse Jackson was coming to Florida to lead a rally, but ...


2

Since its foundation Israel is carrying out confiscation of land and property based on criteria like race and religion [1][2]. The first wave of confiscations happened after the 1948 war and the expulsion of the Arabs into neighbouring countries. Then came the creation and expansion of the settlements in the occupied territories all of them created on land ...


2

It's harder to measure change in opinion, since that would require us to compare studies from before and after, or to find a study that was conducted over a longer period where respondents were questioned multiple times. Instead, I will present two studies which take a snapshot of public opinion in April 2020. A study on public opinion in early April Early ...


2

A lot of this is speculation. For example very few people in the world know if Putin actually ordered Alexey Navalny poisoned (exactly one person knows for sure, if he didn't). If we assume that Putin actually did order the poisoning, then this article discusses the context. Points made: This isn't the first time a Russian dissident has been allegedly ...


1

The Brexit Party is currently (12 July 2020) polling its members to ask about this With regard to the 3,000,000 citizens of Hong Kong (British National (Overseas) passport holders and dependants thereof), who have been offered rights to come to the UK, do you believe that: a.They should be given total rights to come and live and settle here b.The current ...


1

In addition to shared views and media effects, you should consider elite cueing: mass opinions are affected by the views of national (party) elites. There is quite some academic (also empirical) literature about it, e.g. here https://rubenson.org/wp-content/uploads/2019/11/merkley-stecula.pdf (US) or here https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/...


1

I think that a communist regime would, historically, do at least two things: Dispossess the rich -- including any capitalists, foreigners, and/or multi-nationals and colonialists Expel Christian missionaries, force Christians to renounce their faith -- and/or imprison them, or worse See the Soviet Union, China, Korea, Vietnam, Cambodia, not to mention Cuba ...


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