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74

Of course Erdogan's dictatorship (although technically it is no dictatorship) can theoretically be defined as benevolent. It is solely a question of the definition of the "benefit of the population as a whole", to cite your wikipedia article. Depending on the viewpoint (or political agenda), some - especially Erdogan supporters - might say it is benevolent, ...


61

As a Turkish liberal who does not support conservatives and as a voter who spent many times watching the opposition speeches my answer is: It depends what you call cheating. If you mean stealing votes or adding more votes than there are, then as the liberal opposition candidate Mr. Ince said, "no". Even though there were some reports of illegal actions ...


45

It's unclear. There have yet to be credible international election observers who have made a statement as to the accuracy of the vote count. Some opposition politicians have contested the counts of the vote, but their own election observers counted similar tallies. Some videos have surfaced showing alleged voter fraud, with the opposition claiming vote-...


20

"Benevolent dictatorship" is not very easy to assess (Wikipedia): Many dictators' regimes portray themselves as benevolent, often tending to regard democratic regimes as messy, inefficient and corrupt. Let's assume your propose narrative and compare it to a notorious Turkish leader that is considered a "benevolent dictator" - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk: ...


19

One reason may be due to the demographics of the Tunceli region, which includes significant populations of Dersim Alevi Kurds, Armenian Alevis and Christian Armenians. Tunceli is the only region in Turkey with a majority population of Alevi. The beliefs of the Dersim Alevi Kurds more closely align with that of Zoroastrianism than Islam, and along with ...


14

As noted, offical analysis from foreign observers will come later. However the Opposition leader Mr Ince, said that "the election was unfair" but "there was no significant difference between official results and his party's figures, and therefore he would accept the outcome". (BBC) There have been widespread reports of voter fraud, intimidation, and other ...


11

For the election day, the answer is NO. He didn't (or couldn't) cheat, we didn't let him. Jun 26, 2018 was the due date to object to the election results. All parties had objections in some provinces, but none of them are major. Since the only reference I have is in Turkish, I'll try to summarize. The most common objection is for the provinces, where one ...


10

A "benevolent dictator" requires conditions that are difficult, if not impossible, to achieve in reality. Benevolence requires a dictator spending resources on promoting the public good. But as Bruce Bueno de Mesquita and Alastair Smith explain in "The Dictator's Handbook", a dictator must devote almost all of their resources to keeping power; if they do not,...


8

Yes, as the Office of the President is largely ceremonial now. In this referendum, there are a few notable changes to the constitution that will give the President more official powers as seen below. 1. The existing parliamentary system of government will be replaced with an executive presidency and a presidential system. This means that the office of the ...


7

In addition to the other answers here, there have been reports of OSCE election monitors from outside Turkey being barred from entry, which has stoked concerns of how free and fair the elections were. It is rather questionable as to why Turkish authorities felt the need to deny entry to election monitors, from Germany and Sweden, who both happen to have ...


6

There are five tenets of fascism: Ultranationalism (national rebirth into the glory of the 'good old days'), Totalitarianism (citizens are naturally on the leader's side, so everyone against the leader is against the country), Autarky (an isolationist blend of capitalism and socialism that focuses on self-sufficiency above all else), Direct Action (the ...


4

İnce's comment about fraud not amounting to ten million votes is specious. The important thing was not the difference between Erdoğan and İnce's vote; it was the number of votes in excess of 50%+1 that allowed Erdoğan to win in the first round; had the poll gone to a second round the whole opposition could be expected to rally round İnce. The minimum vote ...


4

The crimes could have involved social media or physical signs. The children could go to jail for 1-4 years. For Erdogan, prosecuting children is not new. In the past few years, there have been several notable cases where minors as young as 12 were prosecuted for insulting him. From Vice News, in late 2015 (emphasis mine): Turkish authorities are charging ...


4

Yes, some people are against Mustafa Kemal (Atatürk) and his opinions. There are several reasons of that, I will try to explain some of them. Abolition of the Ottoman sultanate Grand National Assembly of Turkey (TBMM) abolished the Ottoman sultanate in 1922 and the Ottoman Empire officially ended. Some people didn't like the fall of the empire. Abolition ...


3

Turkey's unemployment rate is about 11% and it's working age population would be about 48,000,000 (I'm using about 60% of the population as an estimate) so filling 160,000 positions is just 3% of roughly 5 million unemployed. So numerically it's a trivial task. In terms of replacing skilled positions, it's simply a matter of promotion. Inevitably some ...


3

A really big majority of Tunceli are Alevites and it is the only province in Turkey which still can be seen as an Alevite province as the origin of anatolia is Alevitism but was assimilated during ottoman empire. This succes you see of the people of Tunceli, isn't down to them being Tuncelian, it is down to them being Alevites. As Alevi towns, villages in ...


1

Opinion polls: The most significant error of the polls came from the Nationalist Movement Party (MHP), which supported Erdogan in the presidential elections. Last year some MPs resigned from the MHP and founded the İyi Party. The MHP was expected to lose most of the supporters, but they preserved the votes (~11%) of the November 2015 elections. One reason ...


1

The other answers put focus on the static picture (definition of the term "beneficial"; moral) and the dynamic/temporal picture (stability of dictatorship subject to socio-economic forces). I might also point out that there is a spatial picture. Economists like to talk about opportunity cost/gain, meaning that it is not useful to assess an investment ...


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