60 votes
Accepted

Why does the U.S. Census deliberately transfer population to neighboring census blocks?

The Census Bureau practices disclosure avoidance to, as you suspect, protect the privacy of individual respondents. The Census Bureau wants to ensure that a consumer of the data it produces cannot de-...
Justin Cave's user avatar
  • 6,233
33 votes

What is the proper (non-"Gerrymandering") purpose of political districting?

The purpose of political districting is to ensure local representation - something that is valued as itself in the US. This decision to have districts immediately leads to a debate on what is the ...
Communisty's user avatar
  • 1,643
28 votes

What does it mean that North Carolina's maps were thrown out but new ones weren't ordered drawn?

What does it mean that North Carolina's maps were thrown out but new ones weren't ordered drawn? It means that until the legislature redraws the Congressional districts to satisfy the court's ...
Rick Smith's user avatar
  • 35.5k
25 votes

What is the proper (non-"Gerrymandering") purpose of political districting?

Single member districts are pretty unrepresentative You are right to question the value of holding several single-member, First-past-the-post elections. FPTP essentially throws away all votes that ...
eclipz905's user avatar
  • 588
23 votes

In the United States, can the distribution of congressional representatives be adjusted in response to dramatic population shifts?

The text of Article I states (with my emphasis): ... The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent ...
James K's user avatar
  • 120k
19 votes

When redistricting California, who decides what Congressional District will be removed?

The California Citizens Redistricting Commission is responsible for redrawing the districts for representatives to Congress. Following the 2010 passage of California Proposition 20, the Voters First ...
Rick Smith's user avatar
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16 votes
Accepted

Do states still have to redraw districts even if reapportionment doesn’t affect them?

Generally, yes. Even when a state keeps the same number of congressional districts, people might have moved around the state. Districts have to all be approximately equal in population, so when the ...
cpast's user avatar
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16 votes
Accepted

What happens to US representatives after a redistricting?

Let's look at the last post-redistricting election (2012). There were ten states that lost House seats from the previous election. New York (-2 seats) took advantage of the fact that multiple ...
dan04's user avatar
  • 4,262
14 votes

What is the proper (non-"Gerrymandering") purpose of political districting?

What is the purpose of districts? The purpose of districts is so that different areas have their own representation. This allows their local concerns to have a voice and gives residents in the ...
reirab's user avatar
  • 8,261
12 votes

What does it mean that North Carolina's maps were thrown out but new ones weren't ordered drawn?

This ruling is a preliminary injunction, not a final ruling on the case. In other words, the judges' ruling prevents North Carolina from using the maps to hold elections, but is not a ruling throwing ...
Machavity's user avatar
  • 48.3k
12 votes

How do democracies other than the US handle changes to district maps?

Many countries (in Europe and elsewhere) use some sort of proportional representation with multiple seats per district. Districts are very stable, possibly as large as a US state or even just a single ...
Relaxed's user avatar
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11 votes
Accepted

How could US Congress' H.R.1 - For the People Act of 2021 actually cost Black representation in the South by prohibition of partisan gerrymandering?

A majority of the members of the Congressional Black Caucus represent majority-minority districts. Many of those districts are the result of gerrymanders that aim to comply with Section 2 or Section ...
Justin Cave's user avatar
  • 6,233
9 votes

When redistricting California, who decides what Congressional District will be removed?

Every state, including those that neither gain nor lose seats in the House of Representatives, is supposed to adjust their Congressional boundaries every ten years to accommodate population changes, ...
David Hammen's user avatar
7 votes

What is the proper (non-"Gerrymandering") purpose of political districting?

Whilst different people may have different beliefs as to what is the 'proper purpose', it might be informative to have a look at the opinion of the Australian Electoral Committee (AEC). This is the ...
Scott's user avatar
  • 570
7 votes

In the United States, can the distribution of congressional representatives be adjusted in response to dramatic population shifts?

Congress may pass laws to reappportion set the count of house seats and reapportion the states based on the Census when Congress cares to. Since 1929, there has been a "permanent apportionment&...
user662852's user avatar
7 votes

How do democracies other than the US handle changes to district maps?

In the UK, while elected politicians do have the final decision, they make that decision in a context where a non-partisan Boundary Commission has already made public its recommendations as to whether ...
Daniel Hatton's user avatar
6 votes

How do democracies other than the US handle changes to district maps?

Canada is going to be starting its seat redistribution process imminently, so I'll use their process as a reference (which you can find in more detail here). After it's determined (by formula found in ...
Joe C's user avatar
  • 27.9k
5 votes

When redistricting California, who decides what Congressional District will be removed?

No individual seat is going to be removed - that is, no one's going to say that say the 22nd Congressional District gets removed. Instead, ALL of the districts will have their boundaries redrawn, ...
jamesqf's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

Who is in charge of county-level redistricting in each state?

This depends on which county you're talking about. Every state is different, and within some states, every county, city, or other municipal entity can differ, to boot. Generally speaking, municipal ...
William Walker III's user avatar
4 votes

When redistricting California, who decides what Congressional District will be removed?

All representatives must run for reelection after the redistricting, so if any two representatives are running in the same district, the voters in that district will decide which of them to send back ...
phoog's user avatar
  • 17.8k
4 votes

What happens to US representatives after a redistricting?

Do they typically do this through gentleman's agreements, primary contests or some other means? In the vast majority of districts there will be primaries for the newly created district to determine ...
eps's user avatar
  • 2,203
4 votes

What is the proper (non-"Gerrymandering") purpose of political districting?

Gerrymandering does not conflict with the popular vote It’s no objection to either one of them to say that they might cause an outcome that is different from the popular vote. I don't know that ...
Brythan's user avatar
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4 votes
Accepted

is Gerrymandering unconstitutional?

The 14th amendment includes: Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein ...
Brythan's user avatar
  • 89.6k
4 votes

is Gerrymandering unconstitutional?

Gerrymandering in general is not unconstitutional (and I have not hear anyone seriously argue that it should be). Your question is likely spurred by recent SCOTUS looking into what is usually labeled ...
user4012's user avatar
  • 92.4k
3 votes

What is the proper (non-"Gerrymandering") purpose of political districting?

All border lines are political. Generally, proper districting improves viability, while poor districting vitiates it. Proper districting avoids bad things like: Representatives, Governors, ...
agc's user avatar
  • 12.9k
3 votes
Accepted

Does the New York State Legislature have to accept a proposal from the state redistricting commission' without a 2/3 supermajority override vote?

The 2014 amendment which introduced the bipartisan redistricting commission is poorly drafted, in my opinion. I think the intention was to ensure that a redistricting plan could only be passed by a ...
CDJB's user avatar
  • 106k
2 votes

How do democracies other than the US handle changes to district maps?

A key idea is to reduce the importance of (narrowly or safely) winning individual districts with respect to winning the overall election or becoming the strongest party in parliament. Many, especially ...
Jan's user avatar
  • 13.2k
2 votes
Accepted

Can Democrats ask/sue for more majority minority seats?

Other than just doing the usual political pressure and PR dance to try to affect how the Legislature decides to redistrict (I believe in all of these states the Legislature is in control; some states ...
zibadawa timmy's user avatar
2 votes

What is the proper (non-"Gerrymandering") purpose of political districting?

Here are two good articles on the current state of play w.r.t. gerrymandering in the USA: Wired NYT As these articles explain, given first-past-the-post and the districting system, a standard of '...
Atcrank's user avatar
  • 121

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