40

Another reason you cannot have a significant drop in house prices is that it would push millions of people into negative equity, which in itself would cause massive damage to the economy (not to mention ruining people's lives!). One particular thing to note is that we don't really have a housing shortage - what we have is a shortage of housing in the areas ...


25

TL;DR - the government should print more, take less, and stop interfering Houses aren't that expensive. Land isn't that expensive. Land with planning permission is incredibly expensive. A hectare of brown field land without planning permission might sell for £16,000, and you'll get 12-14 reasonable houses on that. The cost of land for each house is ...


13

Once you have an authoritarian regime, it can be difficult to get rid of it. Consider what happens if you divide the populace into three groups: Those who benefit from the current regime; Those who might not be crazy about the current regime but don't trust potential alternatives either; Those who actively oppose the current regime. You need the ...


12

This was covered in a great detail in a recent Atlantic article, apropos titled "What ISIS Really Wants". Short version of the goals: Establish a real Caliphate. “This is a duty upon the Muslims—a duty that has been lost for centuries … The Muslims sin by losing it, and they must always seek to establish it.” (Quoting from Baghdadi's speech on the topic ...


12

I think an as-yet largely unaddressed point is the impact of planning permission. Trilarion mentions land being expensive, but this is true mostly due to artificial limits on supply. As an illustrative figure, an acre of arable Oxfordshire land typically costs under £10,000. With planning permission granted, this can increase by roughly 10,000% to ~£1 ...


11

As PointlessSpike indicated in a comment, there isn't much "legal" basis for separatism. In international law, the only principle that can be used is the Self Determination Right, which is recognised by the United Nations. In particular, that right states that nations based on respect for the principle of equal rights and fair equality of opportunity have ...


11

I couldn't find exact numbers, but I can give a relatively reasonable estimation. Last year marijuana use in Colorado, where it's legal, by individuals 12 and older was at 12.7 percent (specifically this is percent who used within the last month, which is pretty good estimation of those who desire and support actual use of it). This was last year before ...


10

Racism and Xenophobia Racism is one motive often ascribed to the NRA and its supporters, either in the form of indifference to the desire of minorities in high crime neighborhoods to be free from fear, as in this New York Times op-ed, and also based upon their apparent indifferent response to disregard of Second Amendment rights when the disregard implicates ...


9

It is difficult to provide exact evidence because there is hardly any agreement on what being a "better" politician mean. If by "better" one means those with "higher moral ground", well, there is some limited evidence that shows higher salaries reduce corruption among government officials (e.g. see Van Rijckeghem & Weder (2001)). However, it is difficult ...


9

Governments all over the world impose all sorts of policies and do not actually go with science many times. The distribution of pornography is restricted in many regions, as well as the selling of drugs. On the other hand global warming is practically proven scientifically but many governments do not give a toss about it. In the end it's a mix of religious,...


7

The following are studies of the effects of conditional transfers in Brazil and Mexico, which was so far the most relevant information I have found. Both of these are in the context of popularly elected governments. I intend to edit this answer if/when I find additional material. I would be very grateful too to anyone reviewing what I have found, adding ...


7

Do people who self-identify highly with 'social justice' tend to have left or right-wing opinions? The answer is, both. The term of "justice" is highly abused nowadays. Left-wing ideologists call social equality a justice, while Right-wing ones understand "justice" as an ultimate freedom, in terms of "what you earn is what you get". Note, in both cases, ...


7

TL;DR: In the modern world, NO. Not the way Shariah is used in many Islamic countries. First of all, you need to understand that most (like, 99+%) of "Torah laws" by definition only apply to Jews. As in, non-Jews are not in any way, shape or form are required or expected to follow them. The ONLY laws that non-Jews are meant to follow that are in the Torah ...


7

If you want an overview the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy has a page on evolutionary ethics that provides an excellent start. However, if you are only interested specifically in social darwinism (and not other interactions between evolutionary concepts and morality) then you should go straight to the page on Herbert Spencer. Herbert Spencer is a 19th ...


7

The left generally prefers more regulations protecting the workers and consumers. The (local) government licensing taxi cabs is generally seen as along those lines. The non-traditional competition you speak of is generally seen on the left as erosion of those regulatory protections, by replacing them with the self-regulation of big business like Uber etc. ...


6

Ethical egoism. Ethical in this sense is saying that it is ethical to be an egoist, as opposed to being rational to be an egoist or inevitable. By contrast, altruism is the belief that it is ethical for people to try to do what is best for everyone else.


6

Typically proponents of "social justice" (in the sense of the political term) tend to be on more on the left. "Social justice" as a philosophical concept sounds great, but the ways that the left or the right (or anyone in between) wants to implement (or specifically not implement) policies is what changes the game a little bit. In the United States, this ...


6

As others have pointed out, the affordability of housing is not really linked to house-building profits. House-buying is limited by: high-demand areas such as London; meanwhile there was a period when Stoke-On-Trent council was selling run-down houses for £1 on the condition that the owners renovate and live in them. Until the economy is more widely ...


5

The traditional Marxist perspective is that communisim and religion are incompatible, but this is not a "problem" because it is the collapse in religion that is one of the events leading to the revolutionary overthrow of the bourgeoisie. There is no "problem of religion in communism" because religion would be gone long before communism was established. ...


5

in which it was stated that house prices in the UK are about 10x average earnings House prices in the UK really fall down into two categories: those in London (by that I mean anywhere in South-East England) and everything else. London has the highest property prices in the country by far and that's where you get such insane statistics. Move down to ...


5

The social contract is not a contract in the legal sense, it is an abstraction to describe society in moral and philosophical debates. You leave the social contract by leaving your society, i.e. by emigrating to another one or to a place where no other society exists (such places are hard to find on 21st century Earth). This puts the taxations of non-...


4

Anabaptists (especially of Munster) basically tried to build an officially-classless society. (of course, as is 100% the case when someone tries to do that, some animals got to be more equal than other animals even in Munster, but the sordid details of Van Leiden's excesses and abuses are more in scope for History.SE. You should listen to an awesome Dan ...


4

After reading the paper linked in my comment more thoroughly I found the computational method: It's (1 - (normalized) Herfandahl index). (Page 198, 1st paragraph, sentence 3 in the PDF) A high number indicates a high fractionalization, a low number (near zero) a mono-religious society (e.g. the State of Vatican City with 100% Roman-Catholics has an RFI of 0....


4

Yes. In British Columbia, Canada, it is possible for a baby to have three parents on the birth certificate. For example, National Post: A Vancouver baby has three parents named on her birth certificate, the first under new B.C. legislation that allows up to four legal parents. Della Wolf Kangro Wiley Richards, three months old, became the legal daughter of ...


4

In general, the problem with housing costs is regulation to prevent neighborhoods from changing. When formalized, this kind of regulation is called zoning. What it does is say that in such and such a location, there can be only single family houses or small shops or industrial or whatever. The obvious counter to that is that limiting industrial to ...


4

Wikipedia has a nice list with links to several sources. Both of your narratives are fairly well represented. There is a large chunk (anecdotally, I'd say about a third) of people who have lost a job or suffered a major financial catastrophe (medical, accident, etc.) and as a result ended up unable to afford housing. Cheaper housing would reduce the numbers ...


3

The Declining Importance of Paternity Some jurisdictions, such as Colorado, have de-emphasized the role of genetic relationships in matters of parental responsibilities (a detailed analysis of those laws can be found in a recent post in the law forum). People legally recognized as parents, for example, in a birth certificate, do have heightened ...


3

People don't always make rational, intelligent choices, and they don't always have the critical thinking abilities to recognize those choices, or manipulation of their emotions when it happens. If you look at the times when authoritarian rulers or regimes are ascendant, they are often in times of change, turmoil, uncertainty or insecurity. When people feel ...


3

At the federal level, Funding is available from various programs run by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development, as well as from the Projects for Assistance in Transition from Homelessness (PATH). Additionally, the United States Congress passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) in February 2009, which includes $1.5 ...


3

From an international law perspective, the accepted answer omits an additional principle, which is probably just as important as self-determination in arguments about the legitimacy of separatism, that of the intangibility of borders (or “uti possidertis juris”). On a theoretical level, one way to articulate a coherent account of all this is to consider ...


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