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255 votes

Why do European cities have so many homeless and beggars despite its high-tax welfare system?

I also wondered why there are homeless people in my home-country Germany even though the social safety system is legally obligated to pay the rent for people who can not afford to do so. In this case, ...
Philipp's user avatar
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88 votes

Why is a big country less suitable for high-tax, high-welfare system?

Caveat: These are impressions of a Scandinavian dude (assuming you would include Finland) who only lived in the US (in late 80's) as a grad student/post doc, but never raised a family there. I would ...
Jyrki Lahtonen's user avatar
81 votes

Why do European cities have so many homeless and beggars despite its high-tax welfare system?

The (homeless) beggars are likely to congregate where they are most visible and likely to be successful at begging. Their visibility to tourists probably depends more on how willing the police is ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
79 votes

Why do European cities have so many homeless and beggars despite its high-tax welfare system?

These answers are specifically for Sweden, which you mention in your question, but at least some of it may also apply in other countries: You need to be a Swedish citizen or have a residence permit ...
jkej's user avatar
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56 votes

Why do European cities have so many homeless and beggars despite its high-tax welfare system?

Homeless vs. Beggars Homeless people aren't very visible. Police chase them away from the places where tourists might see them. They end up somewhere hidden. Beggars on the other hand, are very ...
Stig Hemmer's user avatar
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40 votes

What are possible explanations for why Democratic states appear to have higher homeless rates per capita than Republican states?

This is just one thing, maybe not the most important. The homeless population is tough to estimate, and it's much easier to count in places with more and better shelters and less hostility. That 2020 ...
Owen Reynolds's user avatar
38 votes

Why is a big country less suitable for high-tax, high-welfare system?

It's not a matter of land area or even directly population, per se. The key part of the quote in the question is the homogenous part. The USA is the opposite of homogenous (and, at least for most of ...
reirab's user avatar
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35 votes
Accepted

Do immigrants to the US use up more welfare?

The two points are not incompatible; the first type of study says that immigrants aren't particularly attracted to countries/states with high welfare benefits, as opposed to (say) high salaries. The ...
got trolled too much this week's user avatar
35 votes

How can a welfare state with high taxes survive in the face of an aging population?

Lots of countries are facing the challenge of an aging population. Basically the whole northern hemisphere does (with some exceptions, the most notable one being India). The only regions of the world ...
Philipp's user avatar
  • 77.7k
34 votes

What are possible explanations for why Democratic states appear to have higher homeless rates per capita than Republican states?

All of those states have expensive housing. For example, looking at median home prices Vermont is 21st and the rest are in the top 12. Housing costs are 56% lower in Dallas compared to Boston. The ...
Connor's user avatar
  • 449
33 votes

Does any country consider housing and food a right?

Yes, articles 36 & 37 of Nepal's constitution, under Part 3; Fundamental Rights and Duties state exactly that: Right relating to Food: Every citizen shall have the right relating to food. Every ...
CDJB's user avatar
  • 108k
26 votes

Could homeless people unionize? How?

Unions are generally trade unions: workers who organize to bargain with an industry for better working conditions and benefits by withholding trade-related labor. Homelessness is not a trade, and ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
25 votes

What prevents a country from increasing its welfare budget in a vicious cycle as the percentage of citizens on government assistance approaches 50+%?

Current Labor Participation Rates Are Not That Low In A Broader Context The labor force hit an absolute peak in the 90's. See the same statistic plotted on a much longer timeline: The current labor ...
John's user avatar
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24 votes

Why do European cities have so many homeless and beggars despite its high-tax welfare system?

One issue is that homelessness is not caused by poverty. It is more accurate to say that homelessness causes poverty. Homelessness is primarily a mental health problem. People can't handle the ...
Brythan's user avatar
  • 89.8k
24 votes

How can a welfare state with high taxes survive in the face of an aging population?

Change the tax system from labor to production Along with an aging population, productivity is rising in many sectors, and the productivity increase is often outstripping the wage (and hence income ...
o.m.'s user avatar
  • 111k
24 votes

Does any country consider housing and food a right?

Germany does. Someone who has no means to get food and housing can go to the authorities and demand a place in a homeless shelter and feeding. This is clarified in laws which are derived from ...
o.m.'s user avatar
  • 111k
22 votes

Why is a big country less suitable for high-tax, high-welfare system?

Ethnic and cultural homogeneity is a big issue. Scandinavian countries used to be far more homogeneous than they currently are, and that leads to a greater sense of affection for everybody else and ...
Make's user avatar
  • 261
21 votes

What are possible explanations for why Democratic states appear to have higher homeless rates per capita than Republican states?

There's a wide variety of reasons, but some recent shifts in thinking on this are instructive as to what exacerbates the problem Arrest vs social services San Francisco (deep blue city in a deep blue ...
Machavity's user avatar
  • 50.1k
21 votes

What are possible explanations for why Democratic states appear to have higher homeless rates per capita than Republican states?

I believe the existing answers; that democratic states are able to more accurately count homeless populations than states with harsher laws and the high urbanization expected in democratic states, ...
dsollen's user avatar
  • 9,440
20 votes
Accepted

What is the rational behind the UK government offering help paying childcare for 2-year-olds only to non-working parents?

The question is based on a misconception. To be eligible for this benefit, you either need to have a low paid job (and so have earnings-related Income Support or Universal Credit) or be unable to find ...
James K's user avatar
  • 122k
19 votes

How can a welfare state with high taxes survive in the face of an aging population?

Thinking about this problem in terms of taxation and welfare is something of a red herring; the problems occur regardless of the fiscal structure. Retirement is not about redistributing money but ...
Kevin Keane's user avatar
  • 1,131
18 votes

Why is the intellectual consensus in the UK to prefer state-controlled philanthropy?

All government decisions are moral decisions The UK's armed forces deploy nuclear weapons. Some believe this to be ethically justified, while others do not. The government is imposing the view of the ...
Royal Canadian Bandit's user avatar
18 votes

Why is a big country less suitable for high-tax, high-welfare system?

It isn't. I guess that one could argue that larger countries are more inhomogeneous by definition and that a high-welfare system kind of tries to make things more homogeneously but with a larger ...
NoDataDumpNoContribution's user avatar
18 votes

Is the US a welfare state?

In Esping‐Andersen's The three worlds of welfare capitalism typology, the USA is classified as a "Liberal" welfare state (along with the UK, Australia, Canada and Ireland) and in contrast with the "...
James K's user avatar
  • 122k
17 votes

Why do European cities have so many homeless and beggars despite its high-tax welfare system?

An answer for Austria: Different groups of beggars and homeless The Armutskonferenz has a summary of a presentation about beggers which is centered on Austria and from 2014 in German. I did not yet ...
Guest's user avatar
  • 171
16 votes

Why do European cities have so many homeless and beggars despite its high-tax welfare system?

Generalizing over all of Europe is difficult. With this caveat: There are always people who prefer living on the street to living in a government-sponsored homeless shelter (which is not a nice place ...
o.m.'s user avatar
  • 111k
16 votes
Accepted

Do any cities formalize preferential homeless services to "locals"?

Yes - in England & Wales this is explicitly codified as a consideration that can be lawfully made in the Housing Act 1996 (as amended by the Localism Act 2011 and the Housing (Wales) Act 2014). ...
CDJB's user avatar
  • 108k
16 votes

Did classic liberals believe in inheritance taxation and in welfare?

Yes. See for example Adam Smith's Weath of Nations. in the Appendix to articles 1 and 2 he considers several forms of tax. He says of a tax on inheritance by a son that is "forisfamiliated",...
James K's user avatar
  • 122k
16 votes

What are possible explanations for why Democratic states appear to have higher homeless rates per capita than Republican states?

My initial thought was that blue states would have more urban areas so I decided to compare cities. If you bring that down to the city level - Dallas has the largest homeless population in Texas and ...
James_pic's user avatar
  • 467

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