118

National Socialism is a specific thing. You can't just take parts of the name and then assume what it means based on these parts (another example: The Democratic People's Republic of Korea is not a democracy). National Socialism is not simply a nationalist version of socialism (Stalin's Socialism in one country would be closer to that). National Socialism ...


107

Basically Bernie Sanders used the wrong term and it stuck. For some unfathomable reason, he refers to himself as a socialist while espousing policies that are clearly social Democrat in line with most European states. He has done himself no favors. If he had said social democrat, he wouldn't have received as much McCarthy-ist style attacks. He is definitely ...


101

Yes. You have set up a false dichotomy: that either a country is "socialist" or "capitalist". Nearly all countries have aspects of both. In socialism, the ownership of property and the "means of production" are held in common (typically ownership is assigned to a government). In capitalism, ownership is held by private individuals and companies. Denmark ...


92

The reason Venezuela's economy collapsed was its over-reliance on oil exports. In the last half of the 20th century, the Venezuelan economy focused on growing its oil industry, while relying on imports for most other products. This worked quite well while the oil prices were exceptionally high. It stopped working in 2014 when the global oil price plummeted ...


86

Wait up a minute. Who says Cuba didn't fail spectacularly? Miami (and Florida in general) have a huge Cuban population. Generally, because Cubans did anything they could to leave that country during the 90's - even to the extent of risking their lives trying to boat/raft/etc their way up north. Here is the story of a person who grew up in Cuba after the ...


63

Why is it that Bernie Sanders always called a "socialist"? I think getting a quick history lesson to get some context might help explain how "socialist" is used in US media. First, I want to highlight the long history of anti-(anti-capitalism); second, show how anything anti-capitalism is generally conflated; and third, how this is the case in the ...


56

What you are describing is a Mixed Economy. Essentially the state takes over certain markets either through direct control or regulation while letting others be more free-market. Numerous economies ranging from the United States to Cuba fit into that model to varying degrees. Going further, the concept of a Universal Basic Income combined with state ...


55

It seems likely that people call him a socialist because he's self-identified as one on multiple occasions. and When he first won election to the House in 1990, Sen. Bernie Sanders (I-Vt.) embraced his political identity. "I am a socialist and everyone knows that," Sanders said, responding to an ad that tried to link him to the regime of Fidel Castro. ...


41

There are many in the United States who lack a basic understanding of Socialism in even a few of its many forms. The most damning indictment is when a person uses Communism, Nazism, and Socialism as though they are synonyms. It would be lost on them to attempt to explain nuances between Social Democracy and Democratic Socialism. There are numerous programs ...


41

Because nationalization is not necessarily socialist Nationalization is the government taking ownership of private property. Socialism is "social ownership" of the means of production. Depending on what definitions of "social ownership" you accept, that may not involve the government at all. "Social ownership" usually also involves the distribution of the ...


39

Because US Democratic party is not left wing, it's just slightly more to the left than extremely right wing Republican party. This is an important point, one that is worth expanding. The ideology of the Democratic Party is closer to that of European Centre-Right parties like the UK Conservative Party and the German CDU than it is to the European Centre-Left,...


35

There are over 40 definitions of socialism. However a common-enough one (SEP) is that: The bulk of the means of production is under social, democratic control. And in contrast the corresponding definition of capitalism entails: The bulk of the means of production is privately owned and controlled. Under these definition the answer is no, you can't ...


33

Venezuela's economy Venezuela is a communist planned economy with an authoritarian government. It is, therefore, an example of Socialism. Under Chavez and Maduro, Venezuela's economy became a planned economy based on oil production, with few other industries, its oil industry has been nationalized since 1973, and there were significant petrol subsidies for ...


29

Q: How does Hitler's interpretation of “Nationalist Socialism” relate to the modern interpretation of “Socialism” and “Nationalism”? In easy English and fairly short sentences: The definitions of the words did not change. The "relations" between them have therefore also not changed. The person of interest did not interpret any "Nationalist Socialism" The ...


28

It depends on your definition of communism - AND religion. Marx, as another answerer noted, officially denounced religion. This was for three distinct reasons: Organized religion (church) for hundreds of years was either a political power, or co-opted by another power (monarchs) to help pacify the oppressed lower classes. The official version of what was ...


26

Happiness is hard to measure, both because it's intensely personal and also somewhat nebulous. It's also (in no small part for the reasons mentioned above) hard for an economic system to provide in an direct fashion. But proceeding from the (hopefully uncontroversial) idea that in general people would prefer more access to jobs/healthcare/infrastructure/...


25

Venezuela made a headlong rush into state ownership of businesses, at the direction of Chavez and Maduro. Consequently, the businesses saw their experienced executives replaced by friends of Chavez and Maduro, with more of an eye on loyalty than competence. As a direct result of this displacement of experienced people, not only was Venezuela hurt badly by ...


23

What is capitalism's approach to facilitating happiness? I'm going to reframe this as: Who is best-equipped to decide how you can you happy? Capitalism's answer is you. You yourself are best-equipped to decide how you can be happy. Socialism's answer is someone else. A politician, bureaucrat, subject matter expert, or someone else is better-equipped ...


23

First of all, at risk of stating the obvious, I think it is important to be clear that terms like these, especially democratic socialism, have politically contested meanings. To understand what is meant by them, it is important to look closely at who is using the term and who their intended audience is. It is also helpful to keep in mind that the meanings of ...


21

If you mean Socialism as in European style Social Democracy, then yes, it will make the USA more "Socialist". However, if you mean actual "Socialize the means of production and abolish Capitalism" Socialism (be it in the form of either state or market socialism), then the answer is no, not really. Now a Socialist (as in not a Social Democrat) may vary well ...


20

Other answers have commented on the US side of the question but I am not sure that France's Parti Socialiste “proudly” calls itself socialist. In fact, the prime minister (who presently comes from this party) floated the idea of changing its name less than a month ago. In any case, most European centre-left parties have kept their traditional name (“...


20

This could be traced back to the Cold War era, when socialism and the USSR was the mortal enemy of the US. Any party nowadays wouldn't want to associate themselves with the old enemy. Also for most people, 'socialism' strongly recalls in their memory the crimes committed by the various socialist proclaimed regimes around the world.


20

As NotMe's answer noted, economically, you are describing a mixed economy. It has some features of socialism and some features of capitalism (which vary by industry). Politically, what you are describing seems to be a typical system associated with modern social democracies, namely capitalism with a very strong social safety net and certain industries ...


20

The problem with the words "capitalism" and "socialism" is that people use them pretty much any way they want, so they're not really too useful. But to give you some perspective, I'm going to show some examples that are at least consistent. First, capitalism and socialism as economic theories. I'm not going to start with who first said some theory is ...


19

Many things contribute to happiness: The belief that one has choice in many little things. When I go to the ice cream parlor, I can get dozens of tasty varieties. And the other ice cream parlor a few streets on has different kinds. A free market economy provides these choices to me. The belief that one has choice in big life decisions. I decided what I ...


19

What the Government Provides Today In the US as of January 2019, the government provides healthcare both directly and indirectly. Its direct programs (i.e. state ownership and employment of facilities and providers) are exclusively for members of the military, veterans or Native Americans, and are managed by the Department of Defense (through the services ...


17

Folks who support the view that Sanders is actually socialist sometimes point to this quote from him way back in 1987: Democracy means public ownership of the major means of production, it means decentralization, it means involving people in their work. Rather than having bosses and workers it means having democratic control over the factories and ...


16

If you want to restrict your question to the strictest of laboratory settings, you may be able to squeeze out a point if the concerns are artificially limited to just economic questions about the division of labor. The problem is that National Socialism didn't happen within a laboratory, it happened in real life. Arguments made from the perspective of: "...


15

One could argue that cooperatives are not private ownership, but that would be futile. Such an argument would mean that owning stock could also not be private ownership. Worker cooperatives are in effect private ownership as they belong to the members of the cooperative. They are closer to capitalism than to socialism because in a pure socialist world ...


15

In early 20th century America, communism was viewed as a threat to the "American way of life." Socialism was viewed as simply a variation of communism. At the time, there were Communist and Socialist Parties. Many of the members of these groups were what many Americans viewed as undesirables (i.e. immigrants, Jews and the poor). Many Americans began ...


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