38

Much of international law is either customary law or created by treaties with different membership. When two states agree on something concerning the two of them, that tends to stand. So trying to draw analogies too firmly is probably futile and misleading. Both the PRC and the ROC agree that there is, in principle, one China. They disagree if the ...


26

Neither North Korea, nor South Korea recognises the government of the "other half". So from the point of view of the South, North Korea is composed of five "provinces" (dō), with two more provinces having part of their territory North of the Armistice line. South Korea appoints governors for these provinces, but their role is symbolic. ...


12

Korea in the first millenium was fought over by three kingdoms: Gorguryeo, Silla & Baekje. By the end of the first millenium, Gorguryeo defeated the other two kingdoms and unified the Korean peninsula. In fact, the name Korea comes from an abbreviation of Gorguryeo, that is, Goryeo. It's been unified as such since then - that is for a millennium - even ...


5

Of the 300 members of their National Assembly, South Korea elects 253 members using first-past-the-post in single member districts and 47 members proportionally. The proportional component was recently amended, a short time before the 2020 election so that 30 members were elected in a compensatory manner: A party with 33% of the vote and zero district seats ...


4

A 2016 piece in Nature appropriately titled "Why South Korea is the world’s biggest investor in research" situates these investments within its overall postwar economic development strategy: the government set goals and then channelled money to corporate partners to carry them out. The formula was devised by Park's father, dictator Park Chung-hee, ...


2

South Korea is home to some of the largest technology corporations in the world. Samsung (which doesn't just create consumer electronics, but also construction machinery and services, and even insurance services) is one of the largest R&D spenders in the world, and they alone account for a large portion of South Korea's total R&D spending. In 2019, ...


1

Trade, mostly. Lobbying to make it easier for Americans to buy Japanese goods. Japan's registered lobbyists include various trade organisations, and individual companies looking for access to the US market. These countries come at the top because they are rich and do a lot of business with the USA. Individual lobbyists might have specific concerns, Eg NHK, ...


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