75 votes
Accepted

Can a country be only de jure sovereign ? (Such as Andorra)

In a way you are doing word games. International law has developed as customary law. There is no nature-given or God-given definition of sovereignty, it is merely a verbal shortcut to describe a whole ...
o.m.'s user avatar
  • 109k
68 votes
Accepted

At what point can a micronation establish its own laws?

The question is not "When can you enforce your laws on your land?", the question is "When can you prevent the United Kingdom from enforcing their laws on your land?". That's the case if any of these ...
Philipp's user avatar
  • 76.7k
55 votes

Has any person or company ever become a sovereign state?

The British East India Company would seem to come close. From Wikipedia: By 1803, at the height of its rule in India, the British East India company had a private army of about 260,000—twice the ...
Paul Johnson's user avatar
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47 votes
Accepted

Does the Japanese government not have the authority to cancel the Olympics?

The City of Tokyo, and the President of the Japanese Olympic Committee have signed the Host City Contract, section 33 (c) of which states: The final dates for the holding of the Games, including the ...
CDJB's user avatar
  • 107k
42 votes

What's the difference between declaring sovereignty and declaring independence?

Sovereignty means the right to self-rule. Independence means the right to sole rule. A state can have sovereignty within its borders but still be part of a larger union: e.g., the states of the USA, ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 69.2k
41 votes

Can a country block its airspace to international civil flights without any reason?

Yes, overflight is a privilege, not a right. A denial might cause the victims to retaliate in a similar manner, by restricting overflights or other things which are not a right. These are for example ...
o.m.'s user avatar
  • 109k
37 votes
Accepted

Has Russia recognized land currently held by Ukraine as sovereign territory of the LPR/DPR?

Updated answer: President Putin addressed this issue in a press conference around 16:45 UTC on February 22nd: As for the borders, within what borders will we recognize these republics. We recognized ...
CDJB's user avatar
  • 107k
32 votes
Accepted

Has any person or company ever become a sovereign state?

A monarch by definition is the sovereign: A monarch is a sovereign head of state in a monarchy. A monarch may exercise the highest authority and power in the state […] an individual may become ...
Just Me's user avatar
  • 4,789
31 votes

Has any person or company ever become a sovereign state?

The Sovereign Military Order of Malta is almost definitely the best example that's still in existence. It was founded in Jerusalem in 1048 by Italian merchants as a church and a hospital. Not quite a ...
FrederikVds's user avatar
  • 1,505
30 votes

Has any person or company ever become a sovereign state?

No list is complete without the Dutch Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie (a.k.a. Dutch East India Company). Some excerpts from the Wikipedia page: The Company, for nearly 200 years of its existence ...
Sjoerd's user avatar
  • 5,390
29 votes

In Brexit, what does "not compromise sovereignty" mean?

I once heard Harold Wilson argue that if you organised the World Cup, in doing so you "lost a little bit of sovereignty" (this was in late 1966). He was not opposed to doing so but just ...
WS2's user avatar
  • 10.7k
29 votes
Accepted

Can a country block its airspace to international civil flights without any reason?

It depends - if country 'Y' is one of the 134 parties to the International Air Services Transit Agreement, then the first article of that agreement grants scheduled air flights the privilege to fly ...
CDJB's user avatar
  • 107k
28 votes
Accepted

Why is there so much division in recognizing Kosovo as a sovereign state?

The issues at hand are: Kosovo declared its independence unilaterally, without an agreement with Serbia. That makes recognizing its independence troubling for many countries that have their own ...
SJuan76's user avatar
  • 31.8k
26 votes

At what point can a micronation establish its own laws?

The misconception in your question is meaning of "buy a plot of land". In the strictest sense, you can't. The Crown retains the ultimate ownership (Allodial Title) of all land in England and Wales. ...
James's user avatar
  • 360
26 votes

Why is Somaliland not recognized by any country?

There are many such separatist movements around the world. Whether they win or not is a question of power. Can they win the recognition of the international community? Or do powerful outside interests ...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 17.3k
25 votes
Accepted

What's the difference between declaring sovereignty and declaring independence?

Sovereignty Sovereignty is a slippery term that has evolved over the centuries. The modern meaning traces back to the end of the Thirty Years War and the Peace of Westphalia known as Westphalian ...
Schwern's user avatar
  • 5,254
24 votes
Accepted

Why is Somaliland not recognized by any country?

Here's a partial answer: First, the government of Somalia doesn't recognize Somaliland. Any recognition of Somaliland would come over the objections of Somalia. The global community is more ...
Colin's user avatar
  • 4,521
24 votes
Accepted

Can a private citizen host a military base of another country?

No A private citizen does not have the right to issue visas, or other travel documents to citizen soldiers of a foreign country. Private citizens are bound by laws. They can't have military weaponry &...
James K's user avatar
  • 120k
19 votes

Why is there so much division in recognizing Kosovo as a sovereign state?

Spain does not want to recognize Kosovo to avoid recognizing Catalonia in the future. Ditto China, because they do not want to recognize Taiwan. Russia tackles Kosovo precedent in a post-modern ...
alamar's user avatar
  • 16.5k
17 votes

Has any person or company ever become a sovereign state?

Take a look at the Wikipedia article on micronations. What you do is stake a claim to some territory - which doesn't have to be actual land, it could e.g. be a platform on the sea, a ship, etc - and ...
Allure's user avatar
  • 34.7k
16 votes
Accepted

Why do monarchs claiming titles not related to their countries not cause political tensions?

It has been a very long time since a nobility title meant a legal claim to the land. For example, some Arthur Wellesley guy was: Duke and Marquess of Wellington Prince of Waterloo, of the Kingdom of ...
SJuan76's user avatar
  • 31.8k
16 votes

Can a country be only de jure sovereign ? (Such as Andorra)

Canada, especially between 1949 and 1982, was in a quite comparable relationship to London, if we don't count practicalities such as independent access to the sea and military strength. Even today, ...
Jirka Hanika's user avatar
16 votes

Does the Japanese government not have the authority to cancel the Olympics?

Yes and no. The International Olympic Committee is a private organization. They have the freedom to do whatever they want within the bounds of local laws. When they want to do an event, and there is ...
Philipp's user avatar
  • 76.7k
15 votes
Accepted

What politically can be done to compel global compliance by Google?

When a national government fines an internet company and the internet company evades that fine by removing any physical presence from that country, the government has several options, ranging from ...
Philipp's user avatar
  • 76.7k
14 votes

Has any person or company ever become a sovereign state?

The most practical route is probably via a (hostile) takeover of an existing state. William I, Duke of Normandy, succeeded in this approach in 1066. He assembled a mercenary army promising to pay ...
mikado's user avatar
  • 2,304
13 votes

Has any person or company ever become a sovereign state?

Other answers give good examples, but an outstanding case of an individual creating his own country for his own benefit was king Leopold II of Belgium and the Congo Free State. King Leopold, not in ...
Pere's user avatar
  • 1,011
13 votes

In Brexit, what does "not compromise sovereignty" mean?

It's a largely meaningless slogan that seeks to justify a "hard" brexit, one that cuts as many ties with the EU as possible. Leaving the EU is a huge loss of sovereignty. The UK's ability to ...
user's user avatar
  • 17.7k
13 votes

Has Russia recognized land currently held by Ukraine as sovereign territory of the LPR/DPR?

Political recognition primarily means recognizing a government as legitimate, which means having diplomatic relations with this government, concluding economic and military treaties, etc. On the other ...
FourLegsGoodTwoLegsBad's user avatar
12 votes

Can a private citizen host a military base of another country?

Even though Liberal nations have the concept of private property, all territory in the state is fundamentally 'owned' by the state. Private property means that a given individual is given the right to ...
Ted Wrigley's user avatar
  • 69.2k
12 votes
Accepted

Does using the word "state" imply questioning the status of the region as a country?

No. Apparently "country" stems from "contra" as in "the land "opposite of ..." and refers slightly more to the land/territory while "state" stems form &...
haxor789's user avatar
  • 3,949

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