109

Essentially, you got a permanent seat on the Security Council if you were one of the major powers who won WW2 and went about setting up the post-war peace organisation, i.e the United Nations. When the Soviet Union (which was a union of multiple soviet republics) dissolved, Russia claimed itself as the successor state on the grounds it contained 51% of the ...


54

I'm not sure there's anything more than expert opinion as an answer: Levada sociologist Karina Pipiya told BBC Russian: "There is growing nostalgia for the Soviet period and Stalin as a leader. Stalin is seen as the main figure who defeated fascism, who gets the honours for victory in the Great Patriotic War. And that war victory is a symbol of national ...


46

I think it is like asking why drinking too much vodka was so widely accepted in the SU, if nothing in "Das Kapital" promoted it. First, you are right that there is nothing in the Communist ideology against homosexuality. But, at the time being, there was nothing in the Communist ideology in support of sexual rights/freedoms1, neither; these ideas were ...


43

Why has the mainstream narrative continued to regard McCarthyism as "making accusations of subversion or treason without proper regard for evidence"? Because there is no evidence that McCarthy was finding actual communist infiltrators by anything more than accident. Note that many of the people at whom he was looking were not in the government, so Venona's ...


34

When a country dissolves, merges, or suffers some other major changes, it's customary that the new country which emerges from this process inherits the rights and duties of the former - for example, international debt but also membership in international organizations and treaties. When a country splits, some negotiation is needed in order to decide which of ...


24

Probably because his reign brought them into the position of 'world power'. The USSR may have fell apart, but that happened well after Stalin was no longer on charge. The USSR was a force to be reckoned with, but now, Russia has fallen off to the sidelines. They probably want their country to be the powerhouse it used to be. I'm not an expert, and this is ...


21

After the dissolution of the USSR, a commonwealth was created called Commonwealth of Independent States. This organization is a military and economic alliance between former USSR nations (and open to foreign nations also). A protocol was signed between the founders called Alma-Ata Protocol effectively deciding that the Russian Federation (RSFSR) was to ...


20

You are coming at this from the wrong angle. Ask yourself: why do the French approve of Napoleon? They actually have extremely similar histories: A revolution happens, overthrowing the ancient monarchy -> in the course of it, some hick from a far-away mountain region of the empire, not of the native stock (Corsican/Georgian), seizes the reins of the ...


18

There were two unrelated forces that ultimately pulled in the same direction: In a move that seems entirely unfamiliar to hard-left-wing homosexuality rights advocates in the West, USSR (and, following their lead, other Maxist based countries like North Korea) declared that homosexuality was viewed as "bourgeois decay". Quoting form Russian Wikipedia on the ...


18

In short, yes the information presented in that graphic is well sourced and appears generally reliable. The creator of the graphic is Olivier Berruyer who is French political blogger. His source is IFOP, a well established French polling company, with a history dating back to 1938. Olivier includes in his blog an image of a 1944 newspaper containing the ...


16

It is just an excerpt. See NYT and for the entire protocol see 31 I.L.M 1992, page 147-155. Member states of the commonwealth support Russia in taking over the U.S.S.R. membership in the U.N., including permanent membership in the Security Council and other international organizations.


16

Why? We now understand that nuclear explosions produce fallout, especially ground bursts. That was only partly understood in the early years, and there was a war on. It is much smarter to test deep underground, especially if one has nothing the size of Nevada or Kazakhstan. How is it possible? The effects will differ when there is an underground burst, but ...


14

I think that you are wrong both in your definition of social democracy, and in your understanding of how meaningful a reform the NEP was under Lenin. "Social democratic" is conventionally part of the name of center-left political parties in multi-party political systems in which elections are a genuine mechanism by which leadership is chosen, which adheres ...


12

To answer as succinctly as possible, the Warsaw pact countries or Yugoslavia mostly referred to themselves as “socialist countries”. From the perspective of their own official ideology, ‘communism’ was supposed to come later. Historically, there have also been many other movements that had other interpretations of what ‘communism’ might be or how to achieve ...


10

Because Russia in the 60s was a different country than Russia in the 21st century. In the 60s, Russia was called the Soviet Union and was the leader of the Communist world. Communism is generally considered a left political movement. But that doesn't mean that all political left are/were communist. And even those which self-identified as communist didn't ...


9

Where are they? Six are in Switzerland, presumably due to its reputation for neutrality. Four of them seem to have replaced organizations that predated the United Nations. Three are in Italy, all related to food and agriculture. Two are newer, so they might have split off from the first. Two are in Austria. Note that at the time that they were ...


9

Do you reckon the United States government knew that Russia was not truly communist but a hijacked nation? Leaving aside all the inaccuracies of your wording, the answer is: Irrelevant. The ONLY thing that US government needed to know was that Soviet Union (not Russia) had a state level policy goal of exporting socialist revolution to the rest of the world,...


8

There are no "closed cities" in the United States. Even Oak Ridge, Tennessee is an open city, although certain of the Department of Energy facilities locate there are "closed" to the public who don't have sufficient security clearances to enter them. There are several "abandoned town" in the US where trespassing might be charged if a person enters them ...


8

There are several reasons. Lithuania, Estonia, and Latvia don't pose as significant strategic geopolitical threat as invasion route. Ukraine and Georgia do. I covered the geopolitical motifs that drive Russia (the need to protect itself from invasion from West/Southwest/South due to lack of defensible natural borders) in another Politics.SE Q&A. The ...


8

The New Soviet man embodies the archtype of Russian masculinity, which consists of complete devotion of body and labor to state. This imagery never allowed room for gay men, in a country where homosexuality was not seen as proletarian: In the Great Soviet Encyclopedia of 1936, homosexuality was defined as “a sexual perversion” considered “shameful and ...


8

If you're interested in an opinion from Russia, I'd say that: part of that approval is the rise of USSR indeed; part of that is neocommunist propaganda; part of that is forgetting those murdered ca. 1937/38; still another part migh be remembering Jugashvili ("Jewson" in Georgian) ousting Trotskists. For an average American to understand the last item more ...


7

The naval base in Crimea is Russia's only warm water port. Because they have their most important naval base there, there are many Russians in Crimea. Once they already invaded Crimea, there was less preventing an invasion of eastern Ukraine, which also has a significant Russian population. I.e. they got away with Crimea, so it seemed like they could ...


7

Pure communism has been attempted in various smaller sized communes, but not as a country-wide system. For example, Kibbutzim might qualify as examples of that, or various isolationist religious communities. Such examples illustrate that communism principles are somewhat feasible on scale of a "village", but I'm not aware of any successful examples that ...


7

Elections give legitimacy. Even if there is no other option, if you can report that the majority of voters wanted the dictator to stay in power, it looks better. The dictatorship can then claim to the international community that they have a free country following the will of the people. The goal may be to give their own populace the illusion of a choice ...


7

All modern states engage bureaucratic apparatus. As Mandelstam was not nomenklatura but intelligentsia she is unlikely to be competent to speak to the necessity of specific bureaucracy to maintaining Soviet (ie nomenklatura) power. Additionally given her background, and her political position against the nomenklatura, her capacity to speak to the necessity ...


6

The problem with word definitions in politics is that people tend to interpret them vastly different. A word has the meaning people give to it. So people often try to change and shift the definitions of words to repurpose them as it fits their agenda. That means for many political ideologies there are different, often contradicting, definitions. The Merriam ...


6

Question: We have an intense discussion going on between the fact of whether the Soviet Union was a fascist state or not. Our doubt lies in fascism as an opposite to communism and we wonder if the Soviet Union is, or technically was, defined as a fascist state, communist state, or something else. I can see where the confusion would come from. As ...


6

The reason a lot of people get confused about this (IMHO, oftentimes purposely), is that they are completely ignoring the dimension of politics that truly separates the two. This would be like taking something that is way higher than another object, looking at it top-down, and proclaiming them indiscernibly close together. The missing dimension here is ...


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