43

This is a vanishingly unlikely situation. If the President is missing, there has to be a seven-year wait before they can be legally declared dead. At first the VP becomes Acting President, and if the previous president is found then the Acting President returns to being VP. (Unless the Cabinet declare that the President is incapacitated on his/her return ...


38

Technically speaking? You're right, nothing Practically speaking though there are 2 problems with it. First, you're assuming that the House majority and Senate super majority are completely on the same page and willing to make the speaker the new president. No one can dissent or lose your guaranteed win. That is not impossible, but it's very hard to do. ...


33

There are a number of things that would make you legally ineligible to succeed to the throne, but infidelity, (normal) criminal activity and immoral behaviour aren't to be found on that list. So, what would make you legally inadmissable? The Succession to the Crown Act 2013 indicates that if you're within the top six in line to the throne and you marry ...


31

There is no line of succession. Indeed there has been no deputy Prime Minister since 2015. The appointment of a Prime Minister is done by The Crown (ie the government, perhaps the outgoing government) and, by convention. the Prime Minister is the most senior member of the majority party (or coalition) in the house of commons. The person of the Monarch has ...


28

Your understanding is correct - there is no UK Prime Minister until one is appointed by the Queen. In the meantime, the Civil Contingencies Act (2004) gives the Monarch (in practice, government ministers) powers to make emergency regulations, and COBRA meetings can be chaired by any Cabinet minister - after 9/11, these were chaired by the Cabinet Secretary ...


27

When Barack Obama was getting ready to leave office, he changed the succession with executive order 13762. That EO replaced 13557 which had replaced 13481. That EO replaced "the President's Memorandum for the Attorney General of December 8, 2006 (Designation of Officers of the Department of Justice)." It doesn't explain why it switched from a presidential ...


26

This is absurd. It will never happen. That said, Bernie Sanders would have to do one of Get appointed Vice President. This requires the VP slot to be vacated (by death, impeachment, resignation, etc.) and for someone to pick Bernie for it. Then the President has to leave. Get appointed to the cabinet. Then everyone ahead of him has to vacate. Get ...


26

A dead president is § 1 of the 25th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution. As people including Brian C. Kalt have noted, a missing president (which covers one who is missing and that people assume to be dead, albeit who is not legally declared dead) is § 4 of the 25th Amendment. A president who is missing is fairly obviously "unable to discharge the powers ...


25

Yes, he most certainly could, assuming that Parliament agreed to accept his abdication. We have a precedent in the His Majesty's Declaration of Abdication Act 1936 where Parliament passed a bill confirming the voluntary abdication of Edward VIII and passing succession to his brother, George VI, despite there (apparently) being an extant heir to the throne ...


24

From the Wikipedia article about the Vice President, the part that says no person constitutionally ineligible to the office of President shall be eligible to that of Vice President of the United States. makes it pretty clear. Since Bill Clinton can no longer be President of the United States (already been twice) he cannot be Vice President


24

Under dynastic considerations, either the eldest child or the eldest son of Kim Jong-Un would qualify. There seems to be at least one child, possibly a daughter, according to a BBC report. Since they are under-age, Kim Yo-Jong might lead a caretaker government until they are old enough. But that applies dynastic logic to what is not, formally, a monarchy. ...


24

There is a line of succession - but it applies only to the monarch, not to members of her government, or to Parliament. In the event of a catastrophe as described in the question, the first priority would be to unambiguously determine who the monarch now is. Assuming that can be done*, the British monarch can then use her reserve powers. Normally, these ...


18

You're talking about "expulsion". Expulsion is the most serious form of disciplinary action that can be taken against a Member of Congress. Article I, Section 5 of the United States Constitution provides that "Each House [of Congress] may determine the Rules of its proceedings, punish its members for disorderly behavior, and, with the concurrence of two-...


18

She resigned as the conservative party leader effective June 7th. That will lead to a new prime minister in due course, since her successor in the party role would presumably want to become the new prime minister, but until then she is prime minister.


17

The 22nd amendment only covers term limits for being elected president. There is nothing about a person becoming president via succession that would prevent a person who was already elected finishing a term someone else was elected to. The Law that sets the line of succession for president does specifically exclude those not eligible to be president, however ...


15

The states would hold special elections to replace their members of Congress who got killed in the blast. The House of Representatives would then elect a new Speaker, who would assume the presidency.


14

The twenty-second amendment to the US Constitution establishes the presidential term limit. The text of the amendment begins (emphasis mine): "No person shall be elected to the office of the President more than twice". Taken completely literally, this does not restrict who is eligible to become president by means other than election, particularly succession. ...


13

TL;DR: What would happen then? The direct answer is: a legal, administrative, and political disruption. Legal Succession Modern-day Russia is, indeed, a successor of the dissolved "USSR". Many local laws in the Russia has not been changed since the "Soviet" times. Quite a few international treaties apply since then. Including, but not limited to, the seat ...


13

If most of Congress remains intact, then Dan's answer is correct, as the first person to get appointed Speaker of the House or President pro tempore of the senate will assume the role of President. And as long as the House has enough members to be (constitutionally) functional, I expect the Senate to let the House do their appointment first (as the House's ...


12

The current order of succession in the Department of Justice is given in President Trump's February 9 Executive Order. The Attorney General himself, Jeff Sessions The Deputy Attorney General, Rod Rosenstein The Associate Attorney General, Rachel Brand The U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of Virginia, Dana Boente The U.S. Attorney for the Northern ...


12

The 25th Amendment covers this situation. Before it was ratified, if the President died the VP office just stayed vacant until the next election. The amendment changes this to allow vacancies in the office of VP to be filled by the President with a twist: both houses of Congress (not just the Senate) have to confirm the new VP before they can assume office. ...


12

The Constitution does not allow for anyone who is not a natural-born citizen to become Acting President, even in this scenario. So Elaine Chao would still not become Acting President. Neither the Constitution nor the United States Code specify what would happen if the entire line of succession is exhausted. This is why everything possible is done (notably ...


12

Background This is a "constitutional corner case" that was surely not contemplated by the U.S. Constitution of 1789, or any of its amendments, and which would seem to violate the spirit, although not the letter of the constitution. The possibility of this scenario was quite real in the early Republic, as Vice Presidents were frequently runners up ...


11

If you kill enough leaders to destablise a country the military will probably take power and try to defend the country against whoever is attacking it. They might also try to keep public order. Afterwards the military would hopefully try to oversee a return to the status quo where proper elected officials hold power.


11

Could the Speaker of the House become president if he wasn't born in the USA? Maybe yes, maybe no. The scenario has never been put to the test. Natural Born Citizen Per the language in the U.S. Constitution, a person who is not a "natural born Citizen" is not eligible to serve as president. But what does "natural born citizen" mean? And how would the ...


11

There is a precedent for jump starting parliament from one called with dubious legality, the "Convention Parliament" of 1688. A new parliament met in 1689, following the rules and decisions set by the Convention Parliament. It passed the Crown and Parliament Recognition Act 1689, which ratified the actions of the Convention Parliament. In the sort of ...


10

She will almost certainly remain as interim leader of both the Conservative Party and the Government until the new leader is appointed, as David Cameron did in 2016. Note that the two roles are technically separate - she is Prime Minister by appointment of the Queen, and because she can command a majority in the Commons, but Party Leader because she won an ...


10

Elizabeth II is Queen of the United Kingdom, of Canada, of Australia and about 15 other countries around the world. These countries have now established absolute primogeniture as the law of succession. But this only applies to people born after 2011 Norway also has absolute primogeniture, but the law is framed in such a way so that Crown Prince Haakon ...


10

Up until 2012, Article 149 of the Haitian Constitution used to obligate the National Assembly, convened by the Prime Minister, to invest the President of the Supreme Court of the Republic (or, if unavailable, another senior judge in order of seniority) with the duties of President of the Republic - with new elections to be held between 45 and 90 days later. ...


9

It really depends on the former President. Though many former Presidents don't usually interfere with their successors publicly, it depends on the former President and many have briefly commented on their successors' actions once in a while. So, though it's a custom, what defines "interfering" is quite broad and though most Presidents may not explicitly ...


Only top voted, non community-wiki answers of a minimum length are eligible