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Malaysia has a group of kings who rotate holding office in this constitutional monarchy.


In the Netherlands, The prime minister is head of the government, and is joined in the cabinet by several ministers, heading a ministry and focused on a specific target. Interesting additions of this year are Physicst and Academic Robbert Dijkgraaf (from Princeton and IAS) for culture education and science (perhaps the games like chess will be appreciated?) ...


Andorra’s heads of state are two co-princes, who are the Bishop of Urgell (in Spain) and the President of France. They have (in Andorra) equal powers, but since Andorra is a democratic constitutional monarchy those powers are quite limited and do not include executive or legislative powers.


Italy is managed that way, at least formally, but the actual situation is much more complex. A bit of background: Italy is a democratic parliamentary republic. We have an head of state, the President of the Republic, who has very few powers, none of which are executive. The President is elected by the parliament after his/her 7 years terms is over. After a ...


It is my understanding, that in all/most countries where the president isn't chosen directly and the government is formed by a coalition of parties, that the president/prime minister is not inherently more powerful than the other ministers. He/she is a so-called primus inter pares, someone who might serve as the face of the government/has some extra ...


San Marino has two heads of state - Captains Regent - which are elected every six months by the parliament, the Grand and General Council. The positions are mainly symbolic, but include powers such as enacting emergency decrees in consultation with the Congress of State, as well as guaranteeing the Constitution & dissolving Parliament. Both Captains ...

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