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84

Trade surplus/deficit Devaluing one's currency means mostly one thing: It becomes more expensive to import products from abroad, while one's own products become comparably cheaper to buy on the world market. That means a country which exports lots of goods wants to devalue their currency while a country which imports lots of goods does not. In 2016, Turkey ...


74

Of course Erdogan's dictatorship (although technically it is no dictatorship) can theoretically be defined as benevolent. It is solely a question of the definition of the "benefit of the population as a whole", to cite your wikipedia article. Depending on the viewpoint (or political agenda), some - especially Erdogan supporters - might say it is benevolent, ...


62

The U.S. has repeatedly stated that Turkey has not provided adequate evidence to link Fethullah Gülen with the crimes he is accused of, as required by the extradition treaty between the two countries. The latest such statement was in regards to the 2016 assassination of Russian Ambassador to Ankara Andrei Karlov, from Justice Department spokesperson Nicole ...


61

As a Turkish liberal who does not support conservatives and as a voter who spent many times watching the opposition speeches my answer is: It depends what you call cheating. If you mean stealing votes or adding more votes than there are, then as the liberal opposition candidate Mr. Ince said, "no". Even though there were some reports of illegal actions ...


60

Turkey has a population of 75+ million and if the country entered the EU today, they would be the second largest member state behind Germany. This would mean an instant shift of power in almost every EU institution, more notably the European Parliament where seats are distributed to member states according to population. Turkey would instantly become a key ...


49

It's worth noting that US Government does not have the power to extradite Gulen on a whim as he is a permanent resident of the United States and holds a Green Card. Unlike deportation, extradition is only possible with a court order and US courts are independent from the government. If the Justice Department does not believe it has the evidence to convince ...


45

It's unclear. There have yet to be credible international election observers who have made a statement as to the accuracy of the vote count. Some opposition politicians have contested the counts of the vote, but their own election observers counted similar tallies. Some videos have surfaced showing alleged voter fraud, with the opposition claiming vote-...


38

This is Turkish-US cooperation, as it works out in practice. Up to now the two countries have been rather at odds over Syria. The US's priorities have been twofold: destroy IS's territorial holdings, and avoid committing US ground forces wherever possible. A side benefit is doing anything to destabilise Syria to prevent Assad from regaining control of the ...


32

The term limits will be reset if the new constitution goes into effect. As the current President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan is serving his first term, 2014 - 2019, he can run for another term under the current constitution. However, since his term is reset, he can run for another 2 terms - 2019 - 2024 and 2024 - 2029, thus he can potentially serve until 2029 if ...


32

It's the flag of the PKK, the Kurdistan Workers Party: They are in conflict with Turkey because of civil rights violations against Kurds, as well as a desire for a Kurdish nation.


30

You seem to fundamentally misread the situation. Turkey does not owe it to the EU to help them save face and solve their problems for them. Erdogan has leverage and the EU is listening to him because they need him to solve their refugee problem for them. If Turkey does nothing, people show up at the border. Turkey is under no obligation to protect EU ...


27

It's probably part of the pressure/negotiation tactics of Ankara, as they have a long history of threatening Europe with this: Turkish government representatives, and even President Recep Tayyip Erdogan himself, have regularly threatened to withdraw from the deal and "open the gates" over the past several years. In fact, Erdogan began making such threats ...


26

NATO could, but doesn't have to. Article 5 of the north-atlantic treaty reads: The Parties agree that an armed attack against one or more of them in Europe or North America shall be considered an attack against them all and consequently they agree that, if such an armed attack occurs, each of them, in exercise of the right of individual or collective ...


23

Turkey will not become a member of the EU, simply because no one wants it to. There is no Turkish politician I can imagine who would cede power to Brussels to the extent EU membership would require. Structural changes since the 80s have done a lot erode Turks' inferiority complex when it comes to Europe. In Europe, you can't find a core country where 51% ...


23

From the sheer size of that list, it wasn't drawn up from scratch in response to the attempted coup but long before. It's impossible to say if all of them have ties to political opponents of Erdogan or if they were simply marked "uncertain loyalty", but it would be astonishing if all those judges were somehow involved in such a small, clumsy and ...


19

Evidences for quasi-coup: The bombardments were not targeted at Erdogan. He reached the airport more or less unimpeded to speak. The army retreated rapidly. Compare this with Egypt: The Egyptian army killed more than a thousand. Some army soldiers say they have been told that they are going to a maneuver. When they were confronted by civilian they ...


19

"Benevolent dictatorship" is not very easy to assess (Wikipedia): Many dictators' regimes portray themselves as benevolent, often tending to regard democratic regimes as messy, inefficient and corrupt. Let's assume your propose narrative and compare it to a notorious Turkish leader that is considered a "benevolent dictator" - Mustafa Kemal Atatürk: ...


19

One reason may be due to the demographics of the Tunceli region, which includes significant populations of Dersim Alevi Kurds, Armenian Alevis and Christian Armenians. Tunceli is the only region in Turkey with a majority population of Alevi. The beliefs of the Dersim Alevi Kurds more closely align with that of Zoroastrianism than Islam, and along with ...


18

I'm not sure the Trump administration has explained why. They clearly prefer a more conciliatory tone toward Turkey than the Senate bill on this matter: "The position of the administration has not changed," said State Department spokeswoman Morgan Ortagus in a statement on Tuesday. "Our views are reflected in the president's definitive statement on this ...


17

1.Killing members of the group; 1-1.5 million Armenians were killed. This isn't denied; the Turks just say that it was due to their acts in the war, not a concentrated effort. 2.Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group; This was present throughout the forced relocations in which much of the killing took place. 3.Deliberately inflicting ...


15

As you note, the Turkish Government and the Russian have improved relations, and unlike previous Turkish leaders, Erdogan has not made closer relationships with "the West" through, for example, EU membership a central part of his foreign policy. So the Turkish government is well disposed towards Russia. I'm sure that Erdogan trying to position himself at the ...


15

Can a NATO member call Article 5 after being attacked outside its national borders? The area covered by the treaty is stated in article 6 of the North Atlantic Treaty: Article 6 For the purpose of Article 5, an armed attack on one or more of the Parties is deemed to include an armed attack: on the territory of any of the Parties in Europe or ...


15

As far as I can tell, there is no reason to fear a military conflict (NATO), nor any major losses for Europe's economy, if sanctions are set up. Turkey also doesn't seem to have any important allies, who would want to risk an economic conflict with the EU. While Turkey is a NATO member, there's also tension. The migrants are one thing, buying military ...


14

This flag is the symbol of the Kurdistan Workers' Party, also known as the PKK. Their main goal is to establish an independent Kurdish state in a territory currently claimed by Turkey, Iraq and Syria. Several states, including Turkey, The European Union and the United States, consider it a terrorist organization.


14

The US has been supporting Kurdish forces against the organisation that calls itself (in English) "Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant", but is often abbreviated to ISIL, ISIS, or just IS. The same Kurds that the US has been supporting would be the target of a Turkish intervention. Turkey doesn't like IS, but the Kurdish desire to speak their own language ...


14

Denis' comment has a kernel of truth. It's not however that the UK is not allowed to negotiate--after all the UK did conclude some 13 "continuity" deals covering 38 countries or territories. The issue with Turkey seems to be that since Turkey is in a customs Union with the EU, Turkey doesn't know under what terms (most of) UK's exports will go into ...


14

What is “demographic engineering” and how does it differ from ethnic cleansing? Demographic engineering may include ethnic cleansing. Ethnic Cleansing ethnic cleansing : the expulsion, imprisonment, or killing of an ethnic minority by a dominant majority in order to achieve ethnic homogeneity Demographic Engineering Books interview with Paul Morland: “...


13

Turkey is not the Ottoman Empire The Ottoman Empire lost the First World War and was forced to sign the Treaty of Sèvres which sanctioned the partition of the empire. The treaty contained strong punitive measures, ironically, also because the Ottoman Empire perfomed better than expected. In fact it gained a strong victory at the Battle of Gallipoli. So it ...


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