109

Essentially, you got a permanent seat on the Security Council if you were one of the major powers who won WW2 and went about setting up the post-war peace organisation, i.e the United Nations. When the Soviet Union (which was a union of multiple soviet republics) dissolved, Russia claimed itself as the successor state on the grounds it contained 51% of the ...


72

Many countries consider themselves allies of the US, but few take foreign policy stances just because the US says so. (The US also does not always vote the same way as its allies.) The vast majority of the world consider the US embargo to be an act of revenge driven by the interests of Cuban Americans, and others who had property confiscated at the time of ...


71

Yes, it has happened before. The following excerpt is from a France 24 article: Light moments are exceedingly unusual in the UN General Assembly, which follows a strict protocol in with [sic] each world leader is escorted to the rostrum for an address on issues of the day. In 2015, Zimbabwe's then 91-year-old strongman Robert Mugabe was met with ...


58

TLDR: No real law is opposed to their actions and expelling them would suit nobody According to the UN charter, membership is open to is open to all peace-loving States that accept the obligations contained in the United Nations Charter and, in the judgement of the Organization, are able to carry out these obligations Realistically, the peace-loving is ...


58

I'm not even sure in what year that vote you mention was taken, because it's a UN tradition by now The UN General Assembly has, since 1992, passed a resolution every year condemning the ongoing impact of the embargo and declaring it in violation of the Charter of the United Nations and of international law. In 2014, out of the 193-nation assembly, 188 ...


57

TL;DR: Yes, there is an objective term.No, there is no way to force people to use the term objectively in political contexts and they don't tend to. The term "terrorism" isn't subjective. Quoting Wikipedia: Since 1994, the United Nations General Assembly has repeatedly condemned terrorist acts using the following political description of ...


51

If you want to have an organization that includes every country on Earth, you have to have standards that are acceptable to the lowest common denominator nations. Otherwise, they'd "take their ball and go home" and you'd have a multilateral organization that excludes lots of countries as isn't a global parliament including every country on Earth as ...


46

A single missile delivering a nuclear payload can wipe out a city. Needing to deliver hundreds or thousands of bombs or missiles to "simulate that" is a much more difficult proposition, in terms of delivery. I could, with fifty cases of aerosol deodorant spray and thousands of matches, replicate a flame thrower's output. That's a lot of work, effort, and ...


45

Other answers focus on the US-Israeli relationship, but there is also no love lost between Cuba and Israel. Cuba sent troops to fight Israel in the Yom Kippur War after breaking relations the previous month; neither side chose to restore formal relations. Cuba continued supporting Palestinian guerrillas (like the PLO) until the collapse of the Soviet bloc. ...


43

The U.S. Constitution, Article 1, Sec. 10 states in part (irrelevant wording removed): "No state shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation, grant letters of marque or reprisal, emit bills of credit, ..." "No state shall, without consent of Congress, lay any imposts or duties on imports ..." "No state shall, without consent of Congress, ... ...


35

"Unborn baby" is not a protected characteristic and hence the "unborn" cannot be discriminated against. Many would argue that the "unborn" are not legally persons and as such have no rights that can be violated. Even if the fetus has rights, so does the pregnant person and it is in no way obvious that the fetus's rights override ...


34

When a country dissolves, merges, or suffers some other major changes, it's customary that the new country which emerges from this process inherits the rights and duties of the former - for example, international debt but also membership in international organizations and treaties. When a country splits, some negotiation is needed in order to decide which of ...


34

Article 23 of the charter: "The Security Council shall consist of fifteen Members of the United Nations. The Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of America shall be permanent members of the Security Council." So long as the UK continues to ...


33

The voting record for the resolution is as follows: The countries voting against are Belarus, Cambodia, China, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Philippines, Russian Federation, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe. The text of the resolution can be found here.


32

There seems to be unfortunately no mechanism to keep this from happening. This is not the first time it has happened: Libya got the chairmanship in the past, under Gaddafi. The problem is that, as farcical as this seems, how could you stop it? It's not even "the UN's fault", it's what member states vote on. Any formal definition of not-good-for-...


28

International institutions (especially in the last 30 years) tend to be dominated by countries generally considered to be antagonistic to the interests of the Unites States. As such, US is rightfully worried that joining an institution which has a binding power over USA without any oversight or veto is bound to end up detrimental to its interests, with US ...


28

According to the United Nations press release, the election was conducted using a secret ballot. In a secret ballot, there is no way to know who voted for a particular candidate. To help you out a little, not every nation was capable of voting. The UN org chart shows that the Commission on the Status of Women is organized by the Economic and Social Council. ...


28

Yes The first and most obvious method is based on the UN charter, Article VI, which says in its entirety: A Member of the United Nations which has persistently violated the Principles contained in the present Charter may be expelled from the Organization by the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council. Obviously, if ...


25

India India is not only claiming a permanent seat in the Security Council, but also that there's need for a general reform of the Council. Asoke Kumar Mukerji, India's permanent representative at the UN, recently (April 2013) stated: Mukerji described as "truly bizarre" that while nearly 80 per cent of the work of the Security Council is focused on the ...


25

The key convention is the 1951 refugee convention. The key points to this instrument is that refugees should not be returned to a country where they are under threat. Technically a person only becomes a refugee when they cross a border. "Under threat" means "having a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, ...


25

According to wikipedia, this is the first time. Even in the 1990s, after the Cold War ended and when Russian political power was greatly reduced, the US and Russia never vetoed together.


24

For most of those countries, it's a mixture of factors: Russian financial support, military support, or energy support (particularly with regard to Syria) Opposition to the West and intent to deliver diplomatic defeats or to not be seen by a domestic audience supporting the West (Bolivia, Venezuela, Cuba, Nicaragua voting together in Chavista style against ...


23

It's not a first, but it's pretty darn rare for there to be unwanted laughter. But this is not a gathering of diplomats, but a gathering of leaders; put a bunch of type-A personalities used to getting their way in a room together, and stuff will inevitably happen. American Presidents have used humor as a part of their speeches, but in those cases, they ...


23

Countries Voted in favor, against or abstained. In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Canada, ...


22

Nuclear weapon yields are measured in kilotons. The bomb which destroyed Nagasaki was a 13 kiloton bomb. That was a rather small one. Fission bombs can have several hundred kiloton yields. Fusion bombs can go into megaton range (world record: 50 megatons). Those tons refer to the equivalent amount of TNT. To substitute a 100 kiloton nuke you would need to ...


22

You can find the list of vetoed resolutions on Wikipedia. Many of the vetoes are related to the Middle East, with the US or Russia exercising their veto power for the benefit of a local ally. Other regular veto-inducing topics tend to be more localized in time -- vetoes on new memberships, Cyprus conflict, India-Pakistan conflict, South African apartheid, ...


21

After the dissolution of the USSR, a commonwealth was created called Commonwealth of Independent States. This organization is a military and economic alliance between former USSR nations (and open to foreign nations also). A protocol was signed between the founders called Alma-Ata Protocol effectively deciding that the Russian Federation (RSFSR) was to ...


20

The key part of the UN headquarters agreement is Section 23 The seat of the United Nations shall not be removed from the headquarters district unless the United Nations should so decide. So the only body that can decide to move the headquarters in the UN itself, ie the General Assembly. The Mayor of New York certainly has no power to remove the UN. The ...


19

If the question is "is there bias", the answer is crystal clear. As you can see on that infographics, there is a steady stream of resolutions condemning Israel... for things that many other countries are doing that are either 100% same or MUCH worse, but who aren't condemned much or at all. Yes, Israel occupied a territory as a result of winning a war. So ...


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