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Why does the US block a UN statement calling for violence to stop in the Palestine-Israel conflict? — because the statement was not only for calling the violence to stop, but about condemning Israel's military response for missile attacks. Here's how Al-Jazeera puts it: The meeting on Sunday came after the US reportedly twice blocked over the last week ...


21

What defines which countries are permanent members This is defined in section one of article 23 of the UN Charter, which says: The Security Council shall consist of fifteen Members of the United Nations. The Republic of China, France, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, and the United States of ...


21

Stability is the basis of the security council system. The inclusion and exclusion of countries from the security council is a consequence of the allies in world war two, not of "fairness" or "balance", and not even of "power" or "wealth". Adding new permanent members would weaken France and Britain. Adding new ...


20

American diplomats have not explained why they don't want the UN Security Council (SC) to adopt a statement by passing a resolution. The Times of Israel writes: A Security Council diplomat told ToI that the wording of the joint statement from the top UN body was not what led to the US mission’s decision to block the measure. “They told us they could not ...


19

The complete proposal was presented in an annex to a letter from Iran's permanent representative to the UN Secretary-General. The letter and annex are hosted on the UN's website with document number S/2019/862. The letter reads: It is a source of grave concern that, after more than seven decades, the question of Palestine is still unresolved and the ...


15

Why did China and Russia abstain on the UN security council resolution 2593 on the situation in Afghanistan? Both Russia and China offered amendments or concerns that were not accepted or addressed and China questioned the urgency for passing the resolution. In meetings coverage of the Security Council meeting: Adopting Resolution 2593 (2021), Security ...


13

Reform of the United Nations Security Council Any reform of the Security Council would require the agreement of at least two-thirds of UN member states in a vote in the General Assembly and must be ratified by two-thirds of Member States. All of the permanent members of the UNSC (which have veto rights) must also agree. Germany? Why? 2 out 5 members are ...


10

I was a UN peacekeeper in Western Sahara (MINURSO) back in 2009-2010, and I recall from the briefings that there are (at least) two distinct kinds of peace operations: peace keeping and peace enforcement, with the former requiring the explicit consent of the belligerent parties. And the situation does not seem to have changed since then; quoting from the UN ...


10

According to wikipedia, The five permanent members of the Security Council were the victorious powers in World War II Permanent members of the United Nations Security Council


8

The resolution rejecting the 1967 referendum was UN Resolution 2353 (XXII), which refers to Resolution 1514 (XV) - in particular paragraph 6, which states: Any attempt aimed at the partial or total disruption of the national unity and the territorial integrity of a country is incompatible with the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations....


8

What is preventing China from doing this? France, the UK, the USA and Russia (and 193 other nations) Per the UN charter: The admission of any such [peace-loving] state to membership in the United Nations will be effected by a decision of the General Assembly upon the recommendation of the Security Council. (source) So if China creates and recognises 500 ...


7

A greater role for the UN would set a precedent that could be applied on others disasters, like the ongoing climate change or refugee movements. There is the principle of national sovereignty. Powerful members, including veto powers on the UNSC, are not willing to grant the UN greater responsibility. Limited funding, and an unwillingness to provide funds ...


7

Do these subsidiary organs last for one assembly, a specified duration of time, or forever? They last as long as their constituting document says they last. For example, the Board of Auditors was established by the GA in 1946. The resolution that did so provides for three members with staggered three-year terms, and that every year a new auditor is ...


7

In practice, a recommendation of the Security Council refers to the passage of a resolution by that body. Take, for example, the resolution recommending that South Sudan be admitted to the UN: Resolution 1999 (2011) Adopted by the Security Council at its 6582nd meeting, on 13 July 2011 The Security Council, Having examined the application of the Republic of ...


7

While the institutional lineage of the modern UN is different, the political origin of the UN is when, During World War II, the allies started calling their coalition "the United Nations". It obviously did not include Germany at all, much less as a prominent member. When the UN was set up in its current form in 1945, it was a political continuation ...


6

Let's distinguish between UN General Assembly resolutions and UN Security Council resolutions. General Assembly resolutions are more accurately called recommendations, so for those, the answer is NO. Security Council resolutions, on the other hand, are enforceable under Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Chapter VII exclusively deals with Action with Respect ...


6

It's difficult to think of a formal decision by this tribunal that could directly conflict with national law. Unlike the EU Court of Justice or the International Court of Justice, the ICTY and other international criminal courts prosecute individuals. On the other hand, these tribunals rely heavily on states to collect evidence and execute arrest warrants. ...


6

I'm not even sure a centralized decision-making organ would be such an improvement, although coordination and assistance, via the WHO, is essential. Consider that actions have varied widely and patterns of what works/doesn't weren't clear at first: Sweden's herd immunity was a fail Experts first criticized China's Wuhan quarantine, and also masks. And ...


6

You have misunderstood article 28: It means that prisoners may not be employed by the prison in a role in which they punish other prisoners. Although they can, for example be a referee in a prison football match or work as teachers, provided this is done under supervision. You can't set up a system in which you give some prisoners the right or duty to punish ...


5

After the initial round of negotiations, nations sign and ratify a convention one by one. They would have to sign and ratify the amendment again. So there would be non-member states, members of the original convention but not the amendment, and members of both the original convention and the amendment. After a few rounds of amendments it would be difficult ...


4

How many people have been removed from UNRWA registered refugee status over time, and at what point(s) did this happen? Because the definition of "registered refugee" depends on descendancy through the father, it is possible that none have been removed (removal of the father could remove the children). However, if removed, it would only be due to ...


4

The Security Council of the UN is made up of the five permanent members and ten other members who are elected on two year terms by the General Assembly. Most decisions are made by consensus, however when decisions are not consensual, a vote is taken. According to article 27, there is one vote allowed per member. Moreover, there are two kinds of decisions ...


4

It means that India has not bound itself to the promises made in the treaty. It has not promised the international community that it will accept genuine refugees and treat them at least equally to its own citizens. When drafting and enacting border legislation and regulations, its lawmakers can't point to promises that India has made in this treaty. ...


3

From Attacks Against the World Court by Bush, Kerry, and Congress Reveal Growing Bipartisan Hostility to International Law by Stephen Zunes: On July 9, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) determined that the Israeli government’s construction of a separation wall running through the occupied Palestinian West Bank was illegal. Among other things, the ICJ ...


3

No, the veto procedures of the UNSC has stayed the same since prior to 1950. The 5 constituent veto holders has changed twice, when The ROC was replaced by the PRC and when the USSR was replaced by Russia.


3

The loss of voting rights in the General Assembly is the only tangible repercussion which would be imposed. Note that the loss of voting rights is automatic - it doesn't rely on a resolution passing the General Assembly or Security Council to take effect. The question of the loss of UNSC voting rights in particular was raised in 1998, when the US was ...


3

Mainly it would be a lack of international recognition by the other countries; there is no way to legally force them to recognize those new countries and allow for their entry at the UN. Compare this with the Russian backed Abkhazia, Transnistria and South Ossetia. In their favour they have that they are more substantial than 500 adults, as a disavantage the ...


3

As far as I know, the consent of the belligerents to bring in UN forces is not expected, if it comes to that. It is required is to try other options before escalating to use of force. Deployment of force by the UNSC is covered by Chapter VII of the UN Charter. Chapter VI, on settlement of disputes, would also be relevant. The text of the charter is very high ...


3

All law grows out of the barrel of a gun. No UN tribunal can enforce any decisions. However, members of the UN Security Council can, and sometimes do. Should a UN Security Council member assemble a "coalition of the willing" -- or a coalition of the billing, as is more often the case -- and should other members of the Security Council not be ...


3

You really only need to consider when the UN Charter was signed - 26 June 1945. That was one month after the end of the war in Europe. The permananet members were the then major victorious powers. The only subsequent hiccup in the list has concerned China. In 1945, China had a nationalist government, allied with the West under Chiang Kai-Shek. After the 1948 ...


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