34

The voting record for the resolution is as follows: The countries voting against are Belarus, Cambodia, China, Lao People’s Democratic Republic, Myanmar, Philippines, Russian Federation, Vietnam, and Zimbabwe. The text of the resolution can be found here.


25

According to wikipedia, this is the first time. Even in the 1990s, after the Cold War ended and when Russian political power was greatly reduced, the US and Russia never vetoed together.


23

Countries Voted in favor, against or abstained. In favour: Afghanistan, Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Angola, Antigua and Barbuda, Argentina, Armenia, Australia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Bahamas, Bahrain, Bangladesh, Barbados, Belgium, Belize, Benin, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Botswana, Brazil, Brunei Darussalam, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Cabo Verde, Canada, ...


13

The US was a bit opaque in their other reasoning, just vaguely speaking of "overly narrow scope and politicized nature" of the resolution. In 2014 however, when a similar resolution was proposed, the EU, which only abstained had a more direct explanation: The European Union’s member states have abstained en masse from a United Nations resolution ...


9

The BBC has an analysis article on the Chagos Islands dispute, from which I'll quote a few excerpts in an attempt to address your questions. How true is this claim? It's disputed. The UK says it's it's in the right, quoting from the article: Britain's Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) insists it has every right to hold onto the islands - one of ...


8

The closest would probably be that the UN security council would make such a decision (=send help without being requested). While I guess "technically" a security council meeting would be arranged by "UN", for a non-scheduled one to be called, it would require some country to bring up the urgent matter (fire) to the council. Also, I think that to consider ...


7

First, it seems this was not a real/open veto, but what is called a hidden veto, i.e. one or more Permanent members of the UNSC expressing disagreement on the wording, so that no actual voting takes place. Unlike some Turkish sources, the Washington Post does not mention a veto having been exercised, but does note that both the US and Russia disagreed with ...


7

The ten non-permanent seats of the UNSC are distributed on something like a regional basis, but there are elections between the regional candidates. That means getting elected validates the influence and popularity of the country, and not getting elected despite an intensive diplomatic campaign shows a lack of diplomatic leverage. Not trying is one thing. ...


6

Going to the UN does, functionally, involve lobbying the great powers. You could speak with the French, American, and Chinese ambassadors to your country or you could go to the UN and speak to the French, American, and Chinese ambassadors to the UN. You're ultimately talking to the same major power brokers. In one case, you just have the benefit that all ...


5

I'm not sure about this year, but for 2017 the figure from the UN WESP report (-3.5%, table A.3) coincides with the one from BOK (the Bank of South Korea), which regularly publishes such statistics, although not always with summaries in English. The BOK is not terribly transparent about their source data basic data on production quantities supplied by ...


5

The primary reason why the United Nations has a UN Security Council with five permanent members with vetoes is that the League of Nations did not have such a mechanism and failed. The basic problem is that without the veto, the international organization can pass things over the protests of the major powers. But then the major powers simply ignore those ...


5

It depends by what you mean by "acts alone". You seem rather unaware of the level of moral support she and the broader school-strikes-for-climate movement has received: On 31 January 2019, more than 3400 scientists and academics signed an open letter in support of the school strikes in Belgium.[97] The letter reads "On the basis of the facts ...


5

Your suspicions are correct in at least some cases - the withdrawal of recognition seems to mostly be as a result of Moroccan diplomatic and economic pressure. In Morocco and the African Union - Prospects for Re-engagement and Progress on the Western Sahara, McNamee et. al note the consequences for South Africa recognising SADR: After 1984, Morocco ...


4

Wikipedia Answer; Esperanto was added as a United Nations auxiliary language at a UNESCO general conference in Montevideo in Uruguay on December 10, 1954. The result is attributed to a long campaign by Esperanto speaker Ivo Lapenna to get it recognized. There's likely more details, but it seems that the Esperanto scene at the time had a lot of the same ...


4

In all cases you mention, the losing side had failed already at convincing the powers that matter. So lobbying the UN Security Council is pointless: the Great Power involved will veto any resolution. All those on the losing side are left with, is to lobby at the club for countries that do not matter. In other words: the UN General Assembly. They might even ...


4

Greta Thunberg's rise to fame is because she is VERY driven in her conviction to combat climate change. She has autism and as such can have a laser focus on her passions. You seem to have missed in the Wikipedia article that Greta started with an essay at school. That essay was published in a major Swedish newspaper, and she was then contacted by a Swedish ...


4

Decolonization is part of the self-assigned goals of United Nations. The Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples was adopted by UN General Assembly in 1960. The United Nations keeps an official list of Non-Self-Governing Territories, currently including 17 territories for a total population of circa 2 million. None of ...


4

Given the benefit of hindsight, it is now clear that this was not a formal use of the veto as it was not a resolution put to a formal vote, and was instead a so-called 'hidden' veto. A similar occasion where both the US and Russia have threatened to veto a resolution, resulting in it not being put to a formal vote, occurred in April 2019, when a British-...


3

With respect to the Charter of the UN: Nothing in the present Charter shall impair the inherent right of individual or collective self-defense if an armed attack occurs against a Member of the United Nations... So, in general, the UN is fine with a nation defending itself. How one defines "self-defense" is, of course, up for debate. UN involvement in ...


3

The bond between Serbia and Russia today is especially linked towards the war: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Russia%E2%80%93Serbia_relations#1991%E2%80%932000 Here Nato went into what Russia would say was sovereign territory and played an active role in that war against the Serbs. Anyway, the only thing I would say is "in it for Russia" is to have ...


2

The reason is the dominant religion in both countries. Both have predominantly Orthodox Christian population.


1

Under what domestic legal framework did Trump withdraw the US from UNESCO? Regarding the 2017 withdrawal from UNESCO: CRS INSIGHT, U.S. Withdrawal from the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), October 17, 2017 On October 12, 2017, the State Department announced that the United States will withdraw from the U.N. ...


1

Wild game always has its risks. Wild animals are exposed to an open environment in which viruses, bacteria, and parasites are constantly evolving, as well as both naturally occurring and human produced chemical poisons. Every year in the US there are a few cases of hunters or fisherman getting violently ill or dying from game meat or fish. However, this is ...


1

Is the UK’s claim over the Chagos Islands valid? Yes. In international politics, the only thing that matters is the ability to enforce a claim. Resolutions by the UN general assembly are usually ignored by the major powers because the UN general assembly cannot enforce its resolutions. The UN Security Council can enforce its resolutions, but the UK has a ...


1

Within Europe there is the FUEN - the Federal Union of European Nationalities (https://www.fuen.org), an umbrella organisation of the autochthonous, national minorities / ethnic groups in Europe. They include among others the Catalans, South-Tyrolean Germans, Szekelys (Hungarians) of Transylvania, etc. They are the pan-european civil society representative ...


1

Selecting the successor of a UNSC member government is a matter for the GA: the PRC effectively bought their seat when their economic power became sufficient that they could demand a one-China policy in their favour instead of the RoC. (Whether that fits the intent of the Big Three or makes sense morally is a different debate.) In the USSR's case, the ...


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