New answers tagged

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In the 2018 Americas Report by the Global Slavery Index, they write under the section titled Child Labour in United States: Abuse Persists Despite Recent Efforts: In the America's region, there are several inherently vulnerable populations that comprise known victims of modern slavery, such as seasonal and temporary agricultural workers, international ...


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Short Answer Partisan bias in redistricting persists because there are strong incentives to do it, it is hard to define, and it is non-trivial to find solutions to. Background The U.S. Constitution does not expressly forbid gerrymandering and vests redistricting largely within the authority of U.S. states once the census allocates the number of U.S. House ...


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While the report could be more transparent on a country by country, and category by category basis, the narrative materials in its regional report for the Americas (see pages 16-17) strongly implies that undocumented migrant workers, especially from Latin America, especially children, and especially those in agriculture and domestic service work (and ...


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"What do we mean from saying death to America?" There's a brief answer and since I'm an Iranian I don't think I need to cite any source. "Death to America" slogan is (or at least turned into) a kind of sign of dedication (to Iran) among the Iranians, it doesn't mean to conquer Washington as some folks one day interpreted so, it means that ...


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What they mean by "death to" is basically "screw you" or "screw that." When the Matt Damon character in Good Will Hunting explains why he chose what seemed to be the most damaging of choices to be beaten with by an abusive foster-parent, he explained it like this: Will Hunting: He used to just put a belt, a stick, and a wrench ...


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As mentioned in the comments, it is far from clear what "party discipline" means. One reasonable definition would be that the formal party apparatus can effectively direct party members on how they should act in their elective office. Two key words here: The formal party apparatus would be the DNC/RNC or something like that, as opposed to the ...


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The Ayatollah Khamenei, also the Supreme Leader of Iran, as reported by CNN, has said in a speech to university students six years aho: The slogan 'death to America' is backed by reason and wisdom. And it goes without saying that the slogan does not mean death to the American nation. This slogan means death to US policies, death to arrogance [...] and this ...


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"Death to " is to some extent one of those ritualised phrases whose actual meaning is separate from the literal meaning of the phrase. It is a statement of disapproval that might be better translated as "Down with America", as a more equivalent English phrase. In the middle of 2021, there were plenty of demonstrations with Iranians ...


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There is strong party discipline in the US it is just that it doesn't always get applied for every office for their voting habbits. This happens either from being removed from positions or a simple censure. https://www.cnn.com/2021/02/06/politics/liz-cheney-wyoming-gop-censure/index.html The Wyoming Republican Party voted Saturday to formally censure Rep. ...


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I guess it depends which Iranians are asked and when, e.g. Wikipedia says (citing the NYT): On 8 February 2019, [Supreme Leader] Ali Khamenei stated "Death to America means death to Trump, Bolton and Pompeo. We criticize American politicians who are managing that country. Iranian nation are not against American people." but also a somewhat less ...


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Bobson cleanly laid out what the constitutional requirements on the general election side of things are: namely that it is essentially in Congress' hands assuming that Representatives are still apportioned by states in a manner as allowed by the constitution. The other question is the constitutionality of Representatives having fractional votes. While it is ...


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According to a 2009 survey there were more countries that had (at least then) anti-defection laws. Sometimes these laws give the party a lot of power (to enforce party discipline), e.g. in an extreme case if one is expelled from the party for whatever reason, they lose their parliamentary seat as well. Chief examples of countries with such broad provision ...


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There is US precedent for executing purely domestic politically motivated terrorists, i.e. Timothy McVeigh. The US government regularly employs de facto death sentences as foreign policy, e.g. drone strikes, etc. Here the government's thinking might be that because the Tsarnaevs considered themselves political retaliators against such US foreign policies, ...


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As for the question "Is there any other... ": there was such a country, the USSR. There was one party, the CPSU, and by the principle of Democratic Centralism, invented and promoted by the founder of that party, V.I. Lenin, every member of CPSU must obey all decisions of CPSU meaning, the decisions of the leadership of CPSU but they are supposed to ...


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A statute could legalize multi-member districts and proportional representation. But, I think it would be fair to say that seat sharing would be constitutionally questionable and would probably be unconstitutional. While it isn't banned in so many words, the U.S. Constitution clearly contemplated that each seat in the House and Senate respectively be ...


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I haven't followed all the developments in the Biden administration suspension of the death penalty, but some of the concerns seem to be about methods rather than whether it should ultimately resumed at all: US Attorney General Merrick Garland has ordered a moratorium on federal executions while the Justice Department continues its review of the death ...


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Well, at the very least Eric Feigin - the Deputy Solicitor General who responded to Barrett's question - argued that the positions aren't contradictory. The administration's position is that the current moratorium on executions is in place to enable a review of the current execution protocol, that the judgement of the jury in the first instance should be ...


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RNC members don't get to see what the NSA produces. Members of House and Senate, while they don't get the full access to NSA work product that the President does, still get significant access to its work in classified briefings. Also, while rank and file Republicans often oppose the Patriot Act, rank and file Republicans are also usually very pro-military. ...


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The answer by @JamesK is very good but misses some key points that I expand upon here. In a parliamentary system, when, as the Democrats do now, the majority party holds a very thin majority, a vote against the majority party position by a member of that party (or the majority coalition if it is made up of more than one party) on an issue which has not been ...


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Regarding "Mission Statement" -- Although the power structure and bureaucracy are given first place, the DNC charter does in fact contain a message of substance in terms of political values. Quoted below is the rarely viewed Article IX, Section 17 Democratic Party Credo We Democrats are the oldest political party in America and the youngest in ...


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Discipline is a combination of the carrot and the big stick. In Westminster type Parliaments there are both: The carrot of "Vote the right way and you'll get a chance at promotion" and the stick of "losing the whip and facing automatic deselection at the next election." Neither is very effective in the US system. Ministers are not ...


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The Democratic Party has a charter and bylaws that, among other things, describe the function and organization of the Democratic National Committee in Article 3 of the charter: The Democratic National Committee shall have general responsibility for the affairs of the Democratic Party between National Conventions, subject to the provisions of this Charter ...


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Rating companies have basically taken this possiblity into account after the standoff of 2011, factoring it in the credit rating of the US... a little bit: Mukherji said S&P's action would be the same in the case of debt nonpayments by other countries and that even a default on a single U.S. Treasury bill, note, or bond would push the U.S. rating to the ...


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Yes Not because the US cannot pay, but rather because it might not decide to pay. The debt ceiling has become a means of political blackmail, and one or the other side might miscalculate, "call a bluff," or back itself into a political corner. The image you have shown is a bit misleading. The article you linked also gives a chart of debt limit to ...


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Uncontroversially: when you stop being able to raise new debt. More debatable: somewhere on the path to the above point, when e.g. your borrowing costs raise substantially be they in absolute terms (amount of interest as fraction of GDP or government revenues) or in relative terms, e.g. a sharp increase in bond yields. Due to various constraints on the ...


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Considering that the West subsidized the Afghan government, any payment would have been an accounting fiction. Something like half the government budget was aid in recent years. Afghanistan had several billion dollars trade deficit per year. So any money the Afghans might have had to pay could not have been earned in-country. The US government "...


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Pardon a somewhat sideways answer, but I think it's important to point out that the ballot system (like many pragmatic regulated systems) was never designed to prevent fraud in some absolute, draconian sense. The system was designed to make fraud unprofitable and ineffective. Most ballot-counting systems use a combination of partisan antagonism and ...


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Not sure what you mean. The military was the last one out from the evacuations as far as I know, on Aug 30th. And that withdrawal had to be done by a timeline already extended from the Doha accord, to Sept 1st. While the whole mess is deeply regrettable and while the evacuations were chaotic, too late and insufficient, I don't see how the US could have ...


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Q: How much of this can be done by using the budget reconciliation process to avoid filibusters? If an item is in the president's budget proposal, the budget reconciliation process may be used. There are, by my count, 236 line items in the budget proposal; all of which could be done, in a single bill (with concurrence of both houses), without a Senate ...


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Not yet, but there will be - these will be published daily by the various county boards of elections during the early voting period, which for a general election lasts from the 10th calendar day before the election to the 2nd calendar day before. In the case of the 2021 general elections, this runs from October 23rd-31st. This was provided for as part of the ...


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Because... history. "The government" isn't one single entity. The debt limit affects the treasury specifically. As Wikipedia explains. Between 1788 and 1917 Congress would authorize each bond issue by the United States Treasury by passing a legislative act that approved the issue and the amount. Congress basically gave up that fine-grained ...


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This data is available at the county level, if you don't mind doing a bit of collation work: 11th District Cuyahoga County Board of Elections publishes both a 'Vote-by-Mail Daily Update' and an 'Early In-Person Daily Update'. Summit County Board of Elections has an absentee voter dashboard. 15th District Union County uses the same dashboard style as ...


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The US Constitution says that only Congress has the power to "borrow Money on the credit of the United States". It also says only Congress has the authority to collect taxes. This was originally understood to give the president wide discretion in what that money should be spent on (as long as it's used to execute the laws set by Congress). As the ...


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According to the deal announced between Schumer and McConnel, the sum is now $480 billion. Senate Majority Leader Chuck Schumer announced Thursday morning that lawmakers have reached a deal on a short-term debt ceiling increase after hours of discussion with Minority Leader Mitch McConnell. [...] The agreement, according to people familiar with the deal, ...


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Because it is an elected position and he does not have the authority to fire an an elected official. As an elected position is chosen by the people the governor does not have the authority to change that. It is possible that the governor and lt governor are from different parties by the will of the people. As a side note even if the governor appoints someone ...


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With US democracy (and many others) it is a principle that a person is elected as representative. In other words the people of District A do not just vote for "the Democratic party" but for "John Q Smith" who happens to be a member of the Democratic party. The Democratic party has specifically chosen to put John Q Smith as their candidate ...


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Did Senate Democrats change the frequency with which the Budget Reconciliation process can be used? TLDR - Yes, it seems so. Meta Background: This is about the procedural rules of the US Senate, which can technically be changed with a simple majority. See the nuclear option, US vs Ballin Background: The budget reconciliation process allows the US Senate to ...


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Political parties tend to avoid, whenever possible, turning "Safe seats" into potential "Swing seats" There's a few issues which help explain why there's the primary challenges mentioned above - and the name recognition, that boil down to why the party themselves try to avoid making the strategy of moving to safe seats to run for a ...


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UPDATE This isn't official, I think the implication is that there's no offsetting revenue in this draft concurrent resolution! Here is a key screen shot: From Scribd has a snapshot of the Senate blueprint at https://www.scribd.com/document/519447809/HEN21B52#from_embed Previous update: I've found some non-official budget models that seem to provide some ...


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Running for Congress is still quite difficult, even if you're in a safe seat for your party. Imagine you move 2,000 miles, find a place to live, and start running for office. You need to do a billion things: fundraise, hire campaign staff, hire and manage vendors, get on the ballot (sometimes this requires obtaining a number of signatures and/or paying a ...


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Senate Democrats have released a memorandum explaining the $3.5 trillion framework. To provide some background on how the topline number came about, the memorandum sets forth the breakdown of the $3.5 trillion spending: Agriculture Committee receives an instruction of $135 billion Banking Committee receives an instruction of $332 billion Commerce Committee ...


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New York City jails have the highest officer-to-inmate ratio (4 officers per 3 detainees) of any prison system in the nation, by far. That's a massive payroll expense which is basically the whole answer right there. You can read more about it in this New York Focus article. According to this article, the 4-to-3 ratio alone is 7 times higher than the ...


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This makes you think safe Democrat districts or safe Republican districts would be represented by people born in other parts of the country they would not reasonably be able to win a general election in. Those long-held seats are not necessarily safe seats for the current party. They are instead safe seats for the current incumbent, regardless of party ...


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Why don't more people who want to be representatives move to seats that are safe for the party they are members of? Such districts tend to be represented by someone who is very well established, long serving, well placed in terms of committee assignments, and popular. Where that is not the case, the primary is usually very competitive. It is easier for ...


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According to one paper between 1917 and 1996 the federal debt limit had been raised 80 times (64 times between 1960 and 1996). I'm a little skeptical on this accounting since it seemingly comes down to more than one raise per year. (It might have included votes on limit suspensions followed by votes to raise, which together could have happened more than once ...


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Frankly such polls can be rather misleading because even in the heyday of the BBA the public had little idea how to actually get the budget in balance, e.g. when Americans are asked specifically about the types of changes to government programs and tax rates required to balance the budget, polling support drops off fast. For instance, a 1994 CBS/New York ...


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The USA has a complex voting system, and as a result is neither majoritorian or proportional. The Congress comprises two houses: The House of Representatives and the Senate. House representatives are chosen by a plurality in districts with roughly equal population. Gerrymandering is at least tolerated, so district boundaries are often influenced by ...


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There aren't numbers for the first 100 days AFAIK, but The American Presidency Project has a feature that tracks these numbers by year, dating back to President Calvin Coolidge. President Biden has held less formal news conferences in his first year as compared to past Presidents. However, these numbers exclude impromptu interactions with the press which was ...


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When someone talks about the cost of a bill, they are almost always talking about the Congressional Budget Office's (CBO) 10-year cost projection number. The CBO is a non-partisan office that attempts to provide an impartial estimate of the cost of a bill. So the $3.5 T number reflects additional spending beyond the current budget but accumulated over 10 ...


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Someone may be able to paint a fuller history here, but interestingly, in 1995 when such a proposal almost passed (close to the 2/3 votes required) Biden had switched his vote in favor, compared to a year before, as LA Times reported back then: Sens. Joseph R. Biden Jr. of Delaware and Tom Harkin of Iowa, both of whom voted against a similar proposal last ...


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