108

Clitoridectomies are not equivalent to male circumcision. Clitoridectomies are equivalent to removal of the glans (the head of the penis, which contains most of the nerve endings that produce sexual pleasure). It is possible to do an equivalent of circumcision on a female: i.e., removing the clitoral hood which normally covers the clitoris, leaving the ...


68

The interstate State Compact, if it ever was implemented by states representing 270 or more electors would almost certainly be tested in court. Until it is tested in the Supreme court, nobody can authoritatively say if it is constitutional or not, The arguments would centre around whether the constitution should be read on the "plain meaning of the ...


56

Amendment 10 The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people. Your question assumes a fundamental misconception of the nature of the USA. The USA is a federal country. The States are generally free to pass laws as they see fit, that includes ...


50

The rationalization stems from similar proclamations across multiple states against voter intimidation or vote-buying. Nobody should have the fact that they're stuck in a line be taken advantage-of by people trying to change who you're going to vote for. Georgia is already not allowed to have campaign posters, imagery, or even campaign t-shirts within 150 ...


48

Note that the manufacturer has worked around this ban by introducing the Kinder Joy It has plastic egg-shaped packaging that splits into two, one half contains layers of cocoa and milk cream and the other half contains a toy. Because the edible and non-edible parts are separated, this can be and is sold in the US. And since someone suggested in a comment ...


48

The point is to make voting harder and, therefore, to discourage it. By preventing volunteers from giving out food and water to voters, it makes the wait to vote (which can stretch to hours in some places) more unpleasant and discourages voters who are less motivated from waiting it out. This is in keeping with the long-standing push from the US right to ...


47

They have tiny pieces that are considered to be a choking hazard. There have been some high profile and tragic deaths among children due to choking on toys with small pieces. So the United States is especially stringent in regulating children's toys. The Kinder Surprise Eggs are considered especially dangerous as they are embedded in a food product. So a ...


46

Division of Powers Between State and Federal Governments There are some powers that are reserved solely to the federal government, some that can only be exercised locally or by the states, and yet others which can be (and are) exercised by all of the above. Powers Reserved Solely to the National (Federal) Government Several powers are reserved by the U.S. ...


46

There's a few reasons why, but the two largest are It's effectively a tax on cars (and a regressive tax at that). A Texas legislator noted that when introducing a bill to repeal Texas' law So let’s call these inspections what they really are: a tax on Texans’ time and money. [It] costs Texans an annual $267 million in fees alone. What’s arguably worse is ...


41

In WWH v. Jackson the Court majority concludes that the Texas law is de facto immune to the power of judicial review, for entirely procedural reasons. They argue that the Court's power of injunction can only be applied to persons because non-person things don't take actions of their own and so cannot be made to stop taking actions... because they don't ever ...


37

US election laws are a mainly left up to the individual states because the Constitution delegates broad election-related powers to the states. The federal government can create certain election laws that all states must adhere to, however these laws are generally limited to only specific protections outlined by the Constitution. First off, according to the ...


35

As Wikipedia indicates such state laws seem to have a curiously bimodal distribution. Some are two (or more) centuries old, and some are pretty recent, e.g. Arkansas has it since 1819 Alabama has it since 2014 South Carolina has it since 1712 South Dakota has it since 2003 Vermont has it since 2017 Virginia has it since 1661 I suspect the old laws have a ...


33

You can find revenue breakdowns online, as this is generally all public information. It mainly only gets confusing depending on how the breakdown is done and the names given to them (e.g. sales tax, excise tax, ad valorem tax; are they all grouped together, or what?) Texas Here's some breakdowns of the 2004 state revenues. Approximately a third of their ...


32

It takes time for things to change. 200 years ago slavery was legal. 50 years ago genital mutilation was acceptable, and so was electroshock therapy for gay people. Today those things sound like atrocities. Perhaps in another 100 years male circumcision will likewise be condemned, and (as far as religious beliefs are concerned) it may well become illegal to ...


27

Just Me's answer covered the ruling pretty well, so I'll focus on the specifics of a grand jury. A grand jury proceeding is nothing like a jury trial. It is an investigative tool for the prosecution that is used to get authorization to collect documents and evidence, or to recommend that formal charges be brought. Supposedly, since it is a panel of regular ...


26

The Law Bestiality is not a crime, per se, in five states, although in some cases it may constitute animal cruelty. In Colorado (where the enactment was fairly recent), bestiality is per se an act that constitutes cruelty to animals, but some states classify it is a form of immoral and indecent conduct, focusing on the immorality of the perpetrator rather ...


26

For the purposes of this answer I’ll only look at the rules for the democratic party (mostly because they were easier to find). In short, the DNC will not recognize any primary or caucus held before the first Tuesday in March, with exceptions carved out for Iowa, New Hampshire, Nevada and South Carolina. So if any states tried to leap-frog New Hampshire the ...


21

The "frame challenge" aspect of this answer is to note that, while the USA is stricter than many European countries, it is less strict than many other countries. Many majority Muslim countries ban alcohol outright, or put far greater limits on its sale than the USA. However drinking culture is more restricted in the USA than in Europe. The age at which you ...


21

Trump would need to achieve a result changing outcome in three of the following six states: NV, AZ, PA, MI, WI and GA. Some are more vulnerable to challenge than others by virtue of involving smaller margins of victory for Biden. (This assumes that no challenges of results for Trump are overturned or changed in favor of Biden. North Carolina is the only ...


20

As described in other answers, the United States has banned the sale of candy with embedded toys since 1938. This photo of a poster from the FDA History Office (apologies for the low quality) explains why: The text reads: During the Great Depression, candy with a "prize" inside -- usually a coin or lead trinket -- was very popular. However, they could be ...


20

I haven't come across supporters of the bill disclaiming the charge that the private enforcement clause is intended to evade immediate judicial review - the sponsor of the bill, Senator Bryan Hughes, is very open about having worked with attorney Jonathan F. Mitchell to write the bill, saying "I get to be the author of the bill, my name is on it, but we ...


19

Well right off the bat, let me say that the signs are legally irrelevant. Restaurants that do or do not have the signs have the same rights, regardless of whether they telegraph that to their costumers. As an analogy, homes without "No Trespassing" signs have just as much right to call the cops on trespassers. The main purpose of the signs is not to reserve ...


19

Question: Why is avoidance of judicial review of the Texas abortion law and in the future to other US state laws so concerning to the US department of justice? What is the nature of this "greater, additional and further risk"? Quite simply, you could attack any right using the same system. That's the problem. Anything from supporting the Yankees ...


18

Precedent suggests that this would require Pennsylvania and New Jersey to consent, with the approval of Congress; Philadelphia would have absolutely no legal say in the matter, although it would be exceedingly unlikely that they would be kicked out without their consent. City Philadelphia's powers are those granted by its charter, which are those of local ...


18

Can state governments be overthrown without national government involvement? Yes. It happens sometimes when there's an election. Could state militaries over throw their own state government and establish a new state government and still be on good terms with the national government? Most likely no. Each state also has a constitution, and prescribes how ...


18

While I'm really not qualified to really answer the why (other than that a majority of California voters will accept these things), there are two factors that have made it possible. First is the sheer size of California and its economy. (If it were an independent country, it would be the 5th largest by GNP.) That makes it possible for California to impose ...


18

What is the rationale behind this restriction? The rationale given in S.B. 202 is: (13) The sanctity of the precinct was also brought into sharp focus in 2020, with many groups approaching electors while they waited in line. Protecting electors from improper interference, political pressure, or intimidation while waiting in line to vote is of paramount ...


17

By "single game of poker" the Journalist (who may not be a poker player) should have said "single poker hand". In other words, the cards are shuffled, five are dealt to each candidate (or their agent) and the better hand wins. There is no drawing of cards, and no betting so no skill. It is "wild west" and intentionally so. It ...


16

Unions can negotiate member only contracts if they want, but it wouldn't really help them at all. They have no power to say what non union members would be getting and non union terms are basically guaranteed to be the same or better than what the union can offer, because anything worse can be opted out of by joining the union. Therefore, the best possible ...


16

First off, to clarify: the executive of a town/city in USA is typically called a "mayor", not a "governor". The powers of a mayor may vary from state to state and city to city, BUT: Yes, mayors usually control local law enforcement (police). This is not a new concept - local law enforcement was a feature of British system - although at a regional, rather ...


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