Questions tagged [voting-districts]

A variety of small polling geographic areas, e.g., precincts, wards, election districts, created for administering elections. May be combined into larger entities. Voters that belong to the same voting district vote in the same location.

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In layperson's terms: Supreme Court to Hear Case on State Legislatures’ Power Over Elections?

In easy-to-understand terms, how would this ruling affect the different States? Supreme Court to Hear Case on State Legislatures’ Power Over Elections From what I see, in North Carolina the Senate and ...
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Do compactness requirements prevent gerrymandering?

One proposal for redistricting reform is the concept of "compactness". A "compact" congressional district was defined by Ballotpedia as "[a district where] the constituents ...
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Could Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act be used to force a state to draw a minority-white district without a racial majority?

Let's say that a state has 30% of its population be a racial (or ethnic, depending on what you consider a race or ethnicity) minority. It has 4 congressional districts, and all of its representatives ...
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8 votes
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How do democracies other than the US handle changes to district maps?

Every representative democracy needs to have some method of dividing up territory into districts such that the people within that district can choose someone to represent their interests to the state ...
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Does the VRA require drawing districts for white people in majority-minority states?

Historically, the Voting Rights Act has been used to mandate the creation of seats where minorities can choose their Representatives, most noticably in the deep south. However, with demographics ...
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Who is in charge of county-level redistricting in each state?

Many counties elect commissioners, who represent a district within the county. Who is in charge of drawing these lines in each state? Note: Not looking for state level offices like the State House of ...
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How much can a US state grow by relative to the nation as a whole and still lose a seat?

Minnesota gained 7.6% over 2010's census, and the US as a whole gained 7.4%. New York gained 4.2%, which is the state that the seat would have gone to according to multiple reports if it had just 90 ...
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How could US Congress' H.R.1 - For the People Act of 2021 actually cost Black representation in the South by prohibition of partisan gerrymandering?

The New York Times' Manchin Vows to Block Democratic Voting Rights Bill and Preserve Filibuster includes the following passage: Senator Roy Blunt, Republican of Missouri, praised Mr. Manchin, saying ...
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How could a US state, party or rep. go about the process of contesting the loss of a seat in the House of Representatives? (slim census margin)

The title of CNN's New York to lose House seat -- and an Electoral College vote -- after falling 89 residents short in census count sums up the situation as does Axios' States that voted for Biden ...
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Do states still have to redraw districts even if reapportionment doesn’t affect them?

The US census has been completed last year and is currently being processed. As a result, states will gain/lose/hold electoral votes and hence members of their congressional delegation. Do states ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Where can I find shapefiles of US counties and districts?

I am interested in creating some nice plots of election results from this and previous election cycles. I am wondering if there is a publicly available database or website that contains shapefiles of ...
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Are minority majority districts Republican gerrymanders in disguise?

In the USA, white voters have a tendency to vote Republican (depending on where you live, in places like California and Vermont that is not the case) and nonwhite voters as a whole vote Democratic ...
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4 votes
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How do these different methods of measuring the closeness of an election compare to each other?

Suppose we have an election held over multiple districts (e.g., a first-past-the-post legislative election, or a US-presidential style electoral college). There are several ways you could measure how ...
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How could I build a political system immune to gerrymandering yet still giving local representation?

For a hypothetical world, how can I build a political system in which: People are represented by someone local to them. And: The number of representatives elected representing a movement in total ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Is it possible to gerrymander Maryland's congressional districts such that all eight lean Democratic?

I was thinking about what a gerrymandered map of Maryland's congressional districts would look like if the gerrymanderer tried to ensure that all eight districts would be represented by Democrats. The ...
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2 votes
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Is this hypothetical gerrymander legal? [duplicate]

I have a question about a hypothetical gerrymander that has not happened and probably won't. Let's say Alabama's GOP decides during redistricting to draw out the majority black area. (See how multiple ...
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What do small cities with a large portion of university and college students do with redistricting?

So I'm in Burlington Vermont which happens to be the smallest largest city of the 50 US states. So it shouldn't be surprizing that the University of Vermont and another college are in this town. Now ...
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3 votes
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Is there a (reasonably) world-wide quantitative survey of malapportionment in legislative chambers?

By malapportionment I mean the non-proportional allocation of representatives to population by geographical units. Wikipedia has a rather terrible article on the topic, which, while enumerating and ...
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Do (district level) US House of Representatives elections record county on the ballot?

Situation: County X contains some but not all of Congressional Districts 1, 2, and 3. County X contains no entire Congressional Districts fully within its borders. What I want to know: The overall ...
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13 votes
2 answers
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Are US Congressional districts required to be connected?

With all the talk of gerrymandering of late, I was looking up North Carolina's past election maps. And man, the 2016 map which caused the court case looks downright normal compared to some of the ones ...
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Is the North Carolina 2016 Congressional map gerrymandered?

User Dunk claims that North Carolina is not gerrymandered: ...people are ... ignorant to use North Carolina as some proof of gerrymandering. ... The republicans changed the boundaries into ...
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How far can gerrymandering go?

Gerrymandering can keep a relatively unpopular party in power for longer than it otherwise would be. Assuming the unpopular party becomes even more unpopular, just how unpopular would they need to be ...
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6 votes
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Which states will have different electoral maps in 2020 than they had in 2016?

Michigan's gerrymandered electoral map drawn up after the 2010 redistricting was just found unconstitutional, joining Pennsylvania. There is also a current supreme court case regarding the ...
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5 votes
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Is it common for British MPs to have no connection to their electoral district?

As an example, Theresa May is serving as an MP from Maidenhead even though she had no connection whatsoever to this constituency since before her election in that constituency. On the other hand Boris ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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How can we find representatives from specific cities?

I would like to know U.S. House of Representatives from Houston, Atlanta, and Los Angeles in 1980. I know districts and city boundaries do not overlap, but is there any way to know them?
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Legality of "seat sharing" in congressional districts

Define a "shared" congressional district system to be one where in any district the top two candidates are elected and each get a fractional vote in Congress according to their share of the ...
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8 votes
5 answers
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Is Baltimore unfair to Republican voters?

Context: K Dog commented: You should see what Baltimore has done to exclude GOP voters Question: What, if anything, has Baltimore done to exclude Republican voters? If the exclusion involves ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Can I vote for candidates from a different district in the New Jersey Democratic primaries?

New Jersey is having Democratic primary voting tomorrow. Can I only vote for the candidates that live in my district? For example, if I live in District 1, can I only vote for candidates in District ...
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44 votes
11 answers
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What is the proper (non-"Gerrymandering") purpose of political districting?

I read some other posts here that discuss gerrymandering. It seems to me that I still have a question that these posts don’t answer, but I’m not at all sure that I can make it clear. But here we go. ...
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3 votes
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Why do US House constituencies have numbers instead of names?

In Canada, parliamentary ridings are given names, but in the US, members of Congress come from numbered districts, for example, California's 2nd. For all the states I'm aware of, this also holds for ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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is Gerrymandering unconstitutional?

I know I've heard that racial discrimination when drawing district lines is unconstitutional. But where in the constitution does it say that, and are there other rules that gerrymandering has to ...
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4 votes
3 answers
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Effect of Fair Representation Act

The Fair Representation Act was recently introduced by House Member Don Bayer. The main changes that I've read about were that it would introduce instant-runoff style ranked choice voting and that it ...
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10 votes
6 answers
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Do any countries use a mathematical formula to divide districts, so that gerrymandering is avoided?

The US is famous for being heavily influenced by gerrymandering, to the point where some of the districts look absolutely ridiculous to the plain eye. The obvious solution is to use some sort of a ...
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16 votes
4 answers
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Does gerrymandering risk tidal wave reversal?

The voting population of gerrymandered districts is distributed so as to provide "safe" margins of victory in many districts while "wasting" opposition votes concentrated in a few districts. What ...
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2 answers
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What is the difference between Electoral College and Electoral District?

I've been writing a paper about Gerrymandering, but whilst reading about Electoral Districts, I started to wonder. Isn't it the same as the electoral Colleges?
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8 votes
3 answers
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Have Republicans ever complained about gerrymandering in the United States?

I have heard a lot of outcry about gerrymandering voting districts. I know there was a book by David Daley as well as the pending case in Wisconsin declaring the voting districts unconstitutional. ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is there a publicly available definition of current congressional districts?

For example: I live in the 9th Congressional District of Massachusetts. The boundaries of my district are pretty straightforward, except in the case of the city of Fall River, where the boundary line ...
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What effect would the Wyoming Rule, if in place, have had on the elections since the year 2000?

From Wikipedia... The proposed Wyoming Rule calls for expanding the House until the standard Representative-to-population ratio equals that of the smallest entitled unit (currently the state of ...
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12 votes
2 answers
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How does gerrymandering work in the US?

I have a vague idea of what gerrymandering is and that it appears to be common in the US, but I don't really understand where it comes from, how it is applied, how common "common" really is, whether ...
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2 votes
2 answers
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USA Map with State Legislature Districts

Is there a map with all state legislative voting districts? In other words, is there a single map which contains all of the districts which elect representatives to the lower state house, and a single ...
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9 votes
1 answer
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When courts draw maps, do they gerrymander?

It's well known that when legislatures draw maps, the majority protects members of their own party. When courts do maps, do they do the same thing? If so, what are some modern-day examples where a ...
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4 votes
2 answers
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In a district-based FPTP system, what is the point of participating in districts where one can't win?

The United Kingdom General Elections use a First Past the Post district-based system, where one candidate wins in each district. Some districts are safe seats for particular parties. For example, ...
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26 votes
10 answers
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Is it true that Republicans have an unfair geographical advantage in elections for the House of Representatives?

I'm not from the U.S. but someone told me that the Republican Party had an unfair advantage in elections for the House of Representatives. This advantage would be geographic. The voters who usually ...
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16 votes
3 answers
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In an MMP system, why don't parties game the system by splitting into two parties?

In New Zealand, we have a Mixed Member Proportional system. Voters have two votes. The electorate vote is used to vote for a candidate to represent their electorate. This vote is determined on a first ...
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22 votes
3 answers
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How come Gerrymandering is still legal?

I just came across a post on tumblr including some congressional district borders. How come state courts do not outright throw this out through the window for not following the compactness rule? I ...
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Are there any solid representative district planning strategies that can avoid gerrymandering?

According to Wikipedia's article on Gerrymandering: In the process of setting electoral districts, gerrymandering is a practice that attempts to establish a political advantage for a particular party ...
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3 votes
4 answers
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Are single-member legislative districts a guarantee for two party systems?

Given that all countries that rely on a two-party system seem to have single-member legislative districts. I was wondering whether this in essence guarantees two party systems or whether this ...
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18 votes
3 answers
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Is there any mechanism in USA to prevent someone from voting by mail AND in person?

Theoretically speaking, there are mechanisms that prevent someone from voting twice (you are only allocated to vote to one polling place based on your residence address, and that polling place has a ...
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