Questions tagged [voting-systems]

For questions about rule systems for scoring votes. Not for questions about country-specific rules or practices but for the theory and practice of voting systems. Examples include proportional-representation and first-past-the-post.

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Would ranked choice voting force single issue voters to vote for more than one candidate or not be counted? [closed]

I am running for Senate in NJ in 2024 and I believe my voting bloc is merely a plural majority of all eligible voters but maybe not a majority (and probably not current voters, btw). If this is the ...
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2 votes
1 answer
101 views

Difference between RCV and STV

My question is about de difference between RCV and STV. If I am correct they are both voting systems where you are selecting multiple candidates and where the candidate with the lowest amount of votes ...
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7 votes
3 answers
288 views

Polarization and electoral systems

Posted this question on Reddit. I am crossposting it here as well: https://www.reddit.com/r/AskSocialScience/comments/vpnviu/polarization_and_electoral_systems/ Is there research linking polarization ...
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In open-list systems, how do individual candidates promote themselves while being a team player?

In open-list systems, political candidates are expected to promote their party platform while simultaneously advocate for a personal mandate so they can rise higher on the list. This might create a ...
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-8 votes
2 answers
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What is the point in having a democracy if it is unable to elect the smartest people? [closed]

Check this answer: https://politics.stackexchange.com/a/11185/32479 The government is supposed to be representative of its people. If the people are a bunch of idiots then the government should ...
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5 votes
3 answers
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Ranked choice voting: Can a candidate who got dropped in early round come back in later rounds?

Location: Any country or state that uses RCV. One that has used it for a while and worked out the kinks would be preferable. Edit for clarity: I am talking about the “instant runoff” kind of RCV in a ...
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0 votes
0 answers
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How does having a Delegated convention vs One-Member-One-Vote change the results of a leadership convention for political parties?

Is one of the systems fairer? What is the purpose of these systems? For example, FPTP produces stable majorities whereas proportional representation represents voters better but leads to more ...
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-3 votes
5 answers
352 views

What are the possible solutions for a "stupid people in large numbers" situation in a democracy? [closed]

Context It's said that "Democracy counts the heads but doesn't weigh the brains". I think there's a book with that title but I didn't read it. So, what if the less intelligent people ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Is there a ranked voting variant that prevents vote selling and identification?

As acknowledged also on Wikipedia, one of the drawbacks of ranked choice voting is that "it is likely that many preference voting patterns will be unique to individual voters, which could allow ...
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26 votes
8 answers
4k views

What are the disadvantages to 2-round elections where the top candidates from the first round compete head-to-head in the second round?

This is the election system in France and Ukraine. In the first round anyone can run. If no candidate wins an absolute majority, then the top two candidates go to a second round where they face off ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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What happens when Webster's method can't narrow down to a working divisor?

I've been poking around and without trying, managed to bump into some scenarios where Webster's method gives inconclusive results. The fact I managed it more than once without trying implies to me ...
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6 votes
2 answers
397 views

Weighted voting in the UN

Is any voting in the UN ever weighted against the population, contribution or consequences? I understand that some countries have a better footing due to historical reasons. However, just to name some ...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Has anyone published a plan for how to modernize the American voting system? [closed]

It’s been said that the American voting system is a relic of the past, with idiosyncratic features due to political negotiations and compromises at the time it was formed. Let’s say in a modern ...
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2 votes
0 answers
50 views

Condorcet loser criterion implying majority loser criterion [closed]

I know that it is perfectly clear that Condorcet loser criterion implies majority criterion. However, I am looking for a citable source that states this. Can anyone suggest something? Thanks!
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2 votes
2 answers
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Do Norway, Sweden, Iceland, Germany and Austria disallow the official registration of electoral alliances (instead of their constituent parties)?

It seems to me that minimum election thresholds in Bulgaria, Slovenia, Czechia, Poland, Latvia, and Israel function to reduce risk of political gridlock due to fragmentation (which can compound ...
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2 answers
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Are there election systems where voters cast a vote on the final composition of the legislature, rather than individual parties or candidates?

As an example, Germany is well known for having the problem of forming a coalition due to a large number of parties being elected to their legislative body. I imagine this can be frustrating to some ...
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8 votes
1 answer
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What would it take to change the voting in the UK away from "first past the post"?

Question from a naive US citizen here: In a podcast from the BBC I heard it claimed that there are districts with a Tory representative elected with 1000 votes when the other parties (combined) had ...
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5 votes
4 answers
284 views

Plurality voting: Advantages?

Context: I'm a 1st time voter in a plurality voting state. As part of deciding how I'm going to vote, I'm trying to know what is the intention of a state choosing plurality vote (I'm assuming they all ...
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3 votes
1 answer
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Is there a version of IRV where eliminated candidates may come back if they gain enough votes?

In 2009 the Burlington mayoral election failed to elect the Condorcet winner while using IRV. Looking at the results table, there seems to be two simple modifications that could've changed the outcome:...
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2 votes
1 answer
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Does Meek STV Incentivise Strategic Voting?

I have recently looked at the explanation of the Meek Single Transferable Vote method of elections, and it seems like it's a rather multi-step algorithm. Now, a major reason for STV systems seems to ...
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4 votes
1 answer
184 views

UK alternative electoral system design

Background: I am seeking an alternative UK electoral system that would have multi-member constituencies instead of single member, which would create multi-party (proportional) governments. ...
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0 answers
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Is this variant of STV used anywhere else?

In the rules of a political party in my (U.S.) state, a procedure for intra-party elections in which multiple positions are to be filled is described which is clearly a variant of the single ...
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3 votes
1 answer
142 views

Any active wikidemocracy projects post-2019?

I have been reading about this form of electronic democracy called wikidemocracy. The article on wikipedia talks about attempts to implement Wikidemocracy in 2011, but it doesn't mention any modern ...
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1 vote
1 answer
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What would be the political effects of the implementation of a Bhutan-like electoral system on a federal state? [closed]

Bhutan has a unique political system, in which elections to the National Assembly ( the lower house of the bicameral Bhutanese parliament ) happen in two rounds. In the first round, a nationwide vote ...
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4 votes
2 answers
161 views

Assigning fractional seats in a parliament

In proportional party-list voting systems, each party is entitled to a fraction of the seats in proportion to its vote count. This fraction is always rounded up or down according to some rule of "...
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6 votes
1 answer
276 views

Can this paradox happen in single transferable vote?

Suppose we conduct a single transferable vote election and everyone has given their ranked preference of candidates. If we use these votes to elect three candidates, we get candidates A, B, and C. If ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Is there a country where people votes don't equal one another based on their personal circumstances?

Sorry if this question is a bit harsh, but I am looking for any country (past or current) who implemented a system where people don't just have 1 equal vote each, a vote/point system that is based on ...
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5 votes
0 answers
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Has an electoral ceiling ever been implemented or proposed?

The concept of electoral threshold is well established. What about the upper limit though? I mean a reduction of possible party/block power grasp to say 40% and transferring power to smaller players. ...
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-4 votes
1 answer
82 views

What are the best choices of voting systems for a relatively small number of voters [closed]

Ranked choice with 4-5 options doesn't really seem to work / can be easily gamed with 4-5 voters. What options give the best way to ensuring more people are happy with the result?
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13 votes
2 answers
385 views

Who is the Condorcet winner of NYC's 2021 mayoral Democratic primary?

The 2021 mayoral primary in New York City was done using Instant Runoff Voting ("Ranked Choice Voting"). This system does not necessarily elect the Condorcet winner, if one exists. (The ...
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4 votes
1 answer
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Why is tactical voting considered important given it seems to require such detailed information? [duplicate]

When voting systems are evaluated, tactical voting is considered a problem. I agree to the extent that an average voter has enough information to successfully tactically vote. For example, in a FPTP ...
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26 votes
8 answers
6k views

Why does ranked-choice voting give such high preference to the second choice of the least-favored candidate's voters?

Ranked choice voting is in the news lately because of the big mess New York City has made of implementing it in its Democratic primaries for the mayoral race. But in the talk about how it works, one ...
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11 votes
1 answer
390 views

New York's ranked choice voting, dealing with "a tie at the bottom"

I guess I have understood the mechanism of ranked choice voting, except for one detail: what happens if two candidates have exactly the same least number of first choices and the same exact numbers of ...
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15 votes
4 answers
7k views

How will New York City physically implement the ranked choice voting algorithm with thousands of unique mayoral votings possible?

Politico's New Yorkers pick a new mayor after chaotic, historic primary begins: NEW YORK — Polls have closed in New York City’s first ever ranked-choice election and, while the die has been cast, ...
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13 votes
6 answers
3k views

Why do referendums use a binary choice rather than a numerical score?

In some democracies, citizens may be asked if they accept a law or the modification of a law in a "yes or no" referendum. Most of the time, legal texts are complicated and specialized, so ...
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2 votes
4 answers
517 views

Is an "enlightened public" political system a form of democracy, or of technocracy/epistocracy?

I am not sure who originally came up with this idea, but in his book Against Democracy, Jason Brennan talks about a political system he calls "simulated oracle", or an "enlightened ...
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4 votes
1 answer
294 views

What is "satellite party" in South Korea?

I was reading about South Korean politics and I found the term "satellite party". Some article suggests that Platform Party is a satellite of Democratic Party and United Future Party has a ...
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3 votes
2 answers
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Must Scottish voters cast both constituency and regional votes for their vote to be valid?

Scottish voters are heading to the polls on the 6th of May to elect 129 MSPs to a new term in the Scottish parliament at Holyrood. Each voter gets to cast two votes. Their first vote is a local ...
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4 votes
1 answer
247 views

What voting system are we using over on CGCC to elect chat ROs?

Currently, over on CodeGolf.SE (CGCC for short), we are holding an informal election for new room owners of our main chat room. As this is an informal election, we haven't asked SE for the same ...
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12 votes
2 answers
4k views

Voting system with two votes as a defense against fear of voting for a loser - is it anywhere in the world?

In some countries there is a big fear among voters of voting for a party that doesn't end up in the parliament because they didn't reach the minimum threshold of votes, making their votes go in vain. ...
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12 votes
5 answers
2k views

Electing fewer group representatives than groups when the whole electorate votes on them

At my work we need to elect three representatives among four separate departments. There is a max of one representative per department. Any member of a department can run as a candidate. There is no ...
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5 votes
1 answer
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How does Alba's "list only" strategy work in Scottish Elections?

The Wikipedia section on the Election method for the 2021 Scottish Parliment describes the set up as; The Scottish Parliament uses an Additional Members System, designed to produce approximate ...
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5 votes
3 answers
908 views

In open-list voting systems, how do political parties ensure their leaders (and key figures) get elected?

In open-list voting systems, voters are free to select any candidate they prefer on the party list. The number of votes each candidate receives determines their rank within the list, and the higher ...
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27 votes
1 answer
4k views

How did Alaska "change its primary system recently" and was it "to dilute the possibility of a conservative or Trump-inspired challenger"?

Politico's GOP pushes Murkowski to stay in line against Biden’s Covid bill includes the following: Murkowski is unique, however, and so is her home of Alaska. The state is suffering economically, the ...
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13 votes
7 answers
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Is there an election System that allows for seats to be empty?

Is there an election System that allows for potential seats to be empty? E.g if there are 7 seats that could potentially be filled but the people voting only want 5 to be filled. For context: We are ...
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27 votes
1 answer
2k views

Name of a voting system where you can transfer your vote to anyone at any time

I remember reading about a theoretical electoral system where votes are passed on in a continuously changing graph. I would like to know the name or origin of this system. This is my approximate ...
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31 votes
8 answers
7k views

Why doesn't the UK Labour Party push for proportional representation?

There is a consistent majority for liberal (progressive) parties in the UK, but they regularly cannibalise each other in the first-past-the-post voting system (see Wikipedia for details). The last ...
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27 votes
4 answers
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Is there an operating political system in which an election can be invalidated because of a too little participation?

I don't know enough about the many election systems throughout the world, but what I often see is that the abstention rate is at best an indicator (of something), if it's taken into account at all. I ...
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5 votes
4 answers
31k views

What states used voting equipment by Dominion Voting Systems for the 2020 election (if any)?

I heard about that "Dominion" system of electronic voting. Did any states use it during the 2020 election? And if so, which exactly?
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9 votes
0 answers
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Could blockchain voting bring both secrecy and traceability to elections? [closed]

This was raised in a comment in another thread and a user: It's not impossible, especially not with the kind of technology we have today. When you cast a vote, you could be given a randomly generated ...
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