24

The principal power of the Church of England in the House of Lords is vested in the Lords Spiritual - Church of England bishops who are granted seats in the House. Since the Bishopric of Manchester Act 1847, the number of Lords Spiritual has been set at 26. Five of these seats are granted automatically - the Archbishops of Canterbury and York and the Bishops ...


7

Yes, this form of words is the expected formula to recognise the chair. The use of formulaic speech is part of the decorum of debate. As is well known, debate in Westminster can be pretty cut-and-thrust. These fixed expressions help remind everyone to be polite, to address the chair (not the opponent) and remember that it is a debate, not a brawl. ...


7

Such precedents are of interest, but are in no way binding. That follows from the constitutional principle of Parliamentary supremacy, which prevents Parliament from binding a future Parliament. That being the case, there's no way that a decision of Parliament, or the executive, in another country can be binding. In the case at point, an attempt to ...


5

This seems to be only used in Australian English. It is not known in British English, and comments here suggest it is "alien to Canadian political discourse". In Britain, soft questions and sycophantic questions are common (but tend to get jeered) The government is not supposed to actually plant questions, and Speaker Bercow did warn the government back ...


3

I thought to cite some UK constitutional law textbooks, if you wanted to check out the footnotes and read further. Mark Elliott. Public Law (4 ed 2020). p 206.       Third, there are 25 Church of England bishops and archbishops. This has been criticised. The Royal Commission on House of Lords Reform—of which more later—concluded that while the inclusion of ...


3

Not all Shadow Ministers and Ministers are members of the Shadow Cabinet and Cabinet, only the most important roles within Government are Cabinet roles. Cabinet Ministers are those that fill the top 20 or so most important roles in Government, the precise number varies, for instance the Minister for Exiting Europe role did not exist before the referendum. ...


2

There is not an official record. In response to a request in 2013 for a list of free votes the then Leader of the Commons responded: Whipping is a matter for individual parties and not a matter that the Government can comment on. Neither Parliament nor the government keep an official record of which votes have been whipped. Moreover, as the weekly ...


1

In short, yes, the leader of the opposition is free to choose who ever he wants to be in his shadow cabinet. The Shadow cabinet has no legally defined position. It is purely a matter of effective opposition to have someone responsible for shadowing each government position. Similarly there are no required positions in the Cabinet (To be exact, there is no ...


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