7

Yes, this form of words is the expected formula to recognise the chair. The use of formulaic speech is part of the decorum of debate. As is well known, debate in Westminster can be pretty cut-and-thrust. These fixed expressions help remind everyone to be polite, to address the chair (not the opponent) and remember that it is a debate, not a brawl. ...


7

Such precedents are of interest, but are in no way binding. That follows from the constitutional principle of Parliamentary supremacy, which prevents Parliament from binding a future Parliament. That being the case, there's no way that a decision of Parliament, or the executive, in another country can be binding. In the case at point, an attempt to ...


3

Not all Shadow Ministers and Ministers are members of the Shadow Cabinet and Cabinet, only the most important roles within Government are Cabinet roles. Cabinet Ministers are those that fill the top 20 or so most important roles in Government, the precise number varies, for instance the Minister for Exiting Europe role did not exist before the referendum. ...


2

There is not an official record. In response to a request in 2013 for a list of free votes the then Leader of the Commons responded: Whipping is a matter for individual parties and not a matter that the Government can comment on. Neither Parliament nor the government keep an official record of which votes have been whipped. Moreover, as the weekly ...


1

In short, yes, the leader of the opposition is free to choose who ever he wants to be in his shadow cabinet. The Shadow cabinet has no legally defined position. It is purely a matter of effective opposition to have someone responsible for shadowing each government position. Similarly there are no required positions in the Cabinet (To be exact, there is no ...


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