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53

It's because they previously saw Australia as a weak link in the Western democratic alliance, and are not happy that they are now firmly siding with the U.S. and other Five Eyes. Australia has long been open to Chinese investment and immigration, and until recently had remained, if not neutral, at least moderate in their stance on issues such as sovereignty ...


33

These statements aren't saying that the US President is waiving patent protections, but that the administration supports waiving patent protections. Specifically, the current administration is voicing support for a request to the World Trade Organization (WTO) to temporarily allow its members to ignore their obligations to protect other nations' patents. In ...


18

According to a piece on The Conversation, "China used anti-dumping rules against us because what goes around comes around": Australia was among the first wave of countries to adopt anti-dumping legislation alongside Canada, New Zealand, the United States and Britain in the early years of the 20th Century. It remains a prolific user of the system ...


15

In general, a sovereign state can regulate what is or isn't allowed within its borders in any way it wants - that is a part of the whole "sovereignty" thing. But international agreements and organisations can influence what an independent state is actually willing to do. WTO is one such organisation. It can't actually do anything but expel a member ...


13

I'm not a patent lawyer and the legislative framework regarding the status of the WTO agreements in the US is pretty complex, but under FSIA a US company by itself doesn't have a lot of recourse if a foreign government decides to compulsorily license a US patent to a company in that foreign country. Basically the US company mostly can't sue the foreign ...


11

One way to try to answer this is to look at the benefits of the WTO. The main two are Most Favored Nation and National Treatment: Most Favored Nation basically says that if you lower a trade barrier for one nation you have to do the same for the others. National Treatment basically means that you can't discriminate between locally produced goods and foreign ...


11

It's right there in the article you've linked, but it is reading between the lines a bit. The EU are not threatening retaliatory tariffs in a tit-for-tat manner. They are talking about how the EU will respond following the Boeing ruling which is expected next year. Meanwhile, the two sides are waiting for the WTO to decide on what tariffs the EU can impose ...


10

WTO is not a political institution, while the sanctions were imposed for political reasons; WTO does not act by itself, it requires a dispute raised and reviewed by WTO’s dispute settlement mechanism (DSM). There were no dispute raised; WTO DSM can handle only the discriminatory use of WTO instruments and norms; the sanctions were not imposed with the use of ...


9

What Jontia says is correct. Here's a better explainer from Reuters (of yesterday): Who won? By many accounts, the lawyers and multiple expert witnesses. Costs of the cases are estimated to top $100 million. In the cases themselves, both sides have won partial WTO rulings but nobody can agree which side came out on top. Each has said its own subsidies were ...


9

Oh, sure, Australia supported the investigation into China's initial covid handling and has been in the doghouse ever since. Why, they might even have mentioned the Uighurs! There's also been increasing Aussie unease about Chinese political activities in Australia. (To be cynical, the Aussie PM got skewered for his position on global warming during the ...


8

You are correct that to trade under WTO rules, the UK needs to do something, namely issue a schedule of the tariffs and quotas it will import goods under (It doesn't need to become a member, since it already was one, a new nation probably would not be, and would also have to sign up to the WTO agreements). A draft schedule was submitted to the WTO for ...


8

Back in 2016 the director-general of WTO said: Britain is a member of the WTO and will continue to be a member of the WTO. But it will be a member with no country-specific commitments. We have had no other situation like that. Regarding schedules, apparently temp-schedules might be possible: The Institute for Government (IFG) has argued that the UK could ...


8

EU drafted a plan for a hundred billion-dollar fund to take on US tech firms, or so the reports say. I was wondering if that plan is against WTO rules as I have heard that state subsidies are illegal under the WTO. It's a lot more nuanced than that. It's perfectly reasonable to provide tech-infrastructure and stimulate training (e.g. by subsidising research ...


7

Donald Trump believes that multilateral organizations block better bilateral agreements. So from his perspective, he can negotiate a better deal with China directly than through the World Trade Organization. History has shown that the US is more likely to lose a trade dispute in the WTO than win one. See What's Trump's frustration with the WTO? Beyond ...


7

A subsidy, in and of itself, is not contrary to WTO rules. Where it would become contrary to WTO rules is if it is designed to interfere with another country's domestic market. Examples of this, according to the US Department of Commerce, would include a subsidy that: impedes or displaces another country's exports into the market of the subsidizing country;...


6

This is quite speculative as this is the first I'm reading of such a possibility, but I would imagine that there are 2 encompassing reasons: A lot of the parties involved want to use the Ireland border issue as a faux negotiating position. While very few would vocally come out and say that the EU border can be used as leverage in a negotiation, implicitly ...


6

WTO rules require countries to charge everyone the same tariff, so any trade operating under WTO rules must abide by that. If checks were only done at Calais/Dunkirk but not along the Irish border, trade between the EU and UK would be governed by WTO rules but tariffs would not be levied on all goods traded (i.e. the ones crossing the Irish land border). ...


6

Kevin Dowd has seriously argued for it (UFT = unilateral free trade) in his IEA booklet on post-Brexit trade strategy, although simultaneously he also argues for trade deals (for UK's exports) in this work of his: This paper proposes a future UK trade policy based on free-trade principles. The guiding consideration should be to promote the UK national ...


6

https://uktradeforum.net/2017/11/30/what-is-the-most-favoured-nation-clause/ That is correct, the UK will have the same terms that any other non-EU country1. Member of the World Trade Organization grant the tariffs of MFNs to the other members of the WTO. The UK is a member of the WTO independently of the EU2. But... That also means that the EU cannot ...


6

Yes, but on a business level rather than an international trade level. As an example of this, the intention and implications of the UK Modern Slavery Act 2015 is discussed in this devex article. This act is modelled on the California Supply Chain Transparency Act The U.K. legislation aims to make companies accountable and proactive against modern slavery by ...


6

The selection process for the Director-General is described by the WTO here. If at the end of a consultation process to narrow the field of candidates by establishing which of them would be least likely to attract consensus at each stage of the consultation, the General Council is unable to come to a unanimous decision on a candidate - an extraordinary ...


5

WTO rules are much less favourable than the deal that the UK currently has with the EU. There would be mandatory tariffs in both directions, forcing up prices. The UK would lose things like EU certifications for aircraft and vehicles too. WTO rules are designed to be a minimum level on which countries trade, only used in the absence of better deals. There ...


5

No. The WTO as an organisation doesn't make decisions. Countries do not delegate decision making power to the WTO as an organisation, a 'forum' is a pretty good description, if one is only talking about trade negotiations. The WTO has more power than just a forum, however, when it comes to arbitrating existing agreements. The WTO describes itself as a: &...


5

First some quick background. The US has been blocking appointments to the Appellate Body (AB), a body of 7 judges of which 3 serve on a given case. There are currently only 3 members, 2 of whom have their terms expire December 10th, which will leave the body non-functional. Judges are nominated by the Dispute Settlement Body (DSB) whose composition is all ...


5

There are at least five well-known cases: The most obvious one is if authorised by the WTO itself following dispute resolution. (Article 22 of DSU.) Since the WTO doesn't have a way enforce its dispute resolution decisions by itself, if (following dispute resolution) a country whose measures are judged in violation of WTO rules doesn't abide the WTO ...


5

The UK government would be entitled to take these tariffs, but they are not obligated to take them. The customs checks on imported goods are the prerogative of the importing country. If the importing country decides that it doesn't want all that money, then that's their problem. However, the EU would be able to enforce tariffs and import restrictions for ...


5

The question as posed is probably none. Small highly trade dependent nations, such as oil rich Brunei, or Kuwait will be trading oil, and oil will provide a large amount of GDP. However WTO doesn't have much to do with the energy trade, there are other agreements that cover oil trade. Dijbouti has few resources and much of their business is in invisibles (...


5

TRIPs imposed on the entire world the dominant intellectual property regime in the United States and Europe, as it is today. I believe that the way that intellectual property regime has evolved is not good for the United States and the EU; but even more, I believe it is not in the interest of the developing countries. -- Joseph Stiglitz, Making Globalization ...


5

In one word "money". The USA and Europe have the wealthiest regions over the course of the GATT and WTO. And the biggest consumers of internationally traded goods. This gives them power. A small country can be pressured into an agreement that is against it's interest because the alternative is the loss of access to the markets of the USA and ...


4

Trade could certainly continue under the basic WTO rules. It wouldn't continue under the free trade rules of the single market. Quoting from a WTO webpage explaining the concept of "most-favoured-nation": Some exceptions are allowed. For example, countries can set up a free trade agreement that applies only to goods traded within the group — ...


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