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53 votes
Accepted

Why did China target Australia for economic sanctions?

It's because they previously saw Australia as a weak link in the Western democratic alliance, and are not happy that they are now firmly siding with the U.S. and other Five Eyes. Australia has long ...
makelemonade's user avatar
  • 1,966
33 votes

How can the US President create a waiver for patent enforcement?

These statements aren't saying that the US President is waiving patent protections, but that the administration supports waiving patent protections. Specifically, the current administration is voicing ...
Giter's user avatar
  • 10.2k
18 votes

Why did China target Australia for economic sanctions?

According to a piece on The Conversation, "China used anti-dumping rules against us because what goes around comes around": Australia was among the first wave of countries to adopt anti-...
Brian Z's user avatar
  • 16.4k
15 votes

Can imports be banned according to method of production?

In general, a sovereign state can regulate what is or isn't allowed within its borders in any way it wants - that is a part of the whole "sovereignty" thing. But international agreements and ...
Danila Smirnov's user avatar
13 votes
Accepted

How can the US President create a waiver for patent enforcement?

I'm not a patent lawyer and the legislative framework regarding the status of the WTO agreements in the US is pretty complex, but under FSIA a US company by itself doesn't have a lot of recourse if a ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
11 votes
Accepted

What would be the main consequences for a country leaving the WTO?

One way to try to answer this is to look at the benefits of the WTO. The main two are Most Favored Nation and National Treatment: Most Favored Nation basically says that if you lower a trade barrier ...
Denis de Bernardy's user avatar
11 votes
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Why did the EU threaten to retaliate over Airbus-related tariffs even after they were allowed by the WTO?

It's right there in the article you've linked, but it is reading between the lines a bit. The EU are not threatening retaliatory tariffs in a tit-for-tat manner. They are talking about how the EU will ...
Jontia's user avatar
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10 votes
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Why are economic sanctions allowed under WTO rules?

WTO is not a political institution, while the sanctions were imposed for political reasons; WTO does not act by itself, it requires a dispute raised and reviewed by WTO’s dispute settlement mechanism (...
Be Brave Be Like Ukraine's user avatar
9 votes

Why did the EU threaten to retaliate over Airbus-related tariffs even after they were allowed by the WTO?

What Jontia says is correct. Here's a better explainer from Reuters (of yesterday): Who won? By many accounts, the lawyers and multiple expert witnesses. Costs of the cases are estimated to top $100 ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
9 votes

Why did China target Australia for economic sanctions?

Oh, sure, Australia supported the investigation into China's initial covid handling and has been in the doghouse ever since. Why, they might even have mentioned the Uighurs! There's also been ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

No deal Brexit - how to transition to a new UK/WTO legal interface

Back in 2016 the director-general of WTO said: Britain is a member of the WTO and will continue to be a member of the WTO. But it will be a member with no country-specific commitments. We have had no ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
8 votes

Can a nation rely on trading under WTO rules as a default position?

You are correct that to trade under WTO rules, the UK needs to do something, namely issue a schedule of the tariffs and quotas it will import goods under (It doesn't need to become a member, since it ...
origimbo's user avatar
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8 votes
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Why won't Donald Trump solve its trade grievances through the WTO?

Donald Trump believes that multilateral organizations block better bilateral agreements. So from his perspective, he can negotiate a better deal with China directly than through the World Trade ...
Brythan's user avatar
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8 votes
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What can other WTO members do against the American move to block the WTO judge reappointment?

First some quick background. The US has been blocking appointments to the Appellate Body (AB), a body of 7 judges of which 3 serve on a given case. There are currently only 3 members, 2 of whom have ...
DPenner1's user avatar
  • 326
8 votes
Accepted

What can the U.S. do against the EU subsidizing its tech industry?

EU drafted a plan for a hundred billion-dollar fund to take on US tech firms, or so the reports say. I was wondering if that plan is against WTO rules as I have heard that state subsidies are illegal ...
JJJ's user avatar
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8 votes
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What are the merits of Korea filling a complaint against the U.S. for the Inflation Reduction Act?

then it can be argued that this is done for national security. Then wouldn't South Korea's complaint be dismissed? Not necessarily. In the Ukraine-Russia case (DS512) the WTO panel held that it had ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

Why do WTO members tolerate a low level of commitment in the audiovisual services?

(note: this answer focusses on quotas and barriers, more so than subsidies) Probably want to look at the cultural exception clauses in WTO: In 1992, some countries had voiced their concerns during ...
Italian Philosophers 4 Monica's user avatar
8 votes
Accepted

Did any developing country criticize China's industrial policies, which include dumping?

Yeah. India at least: 12 Sep 2023 India has enacted a five-year anti-dumping duty targeting specific types of Chinese steel, as per an official government notice. About a decade ago there were also ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Why did Russia join the World Trade Organization so late?

Based on a 2010 paper by Anders Aaslund entitled Why Doesn’t Russia Join the WTO?, the main reasons were political and internal to Russia. He unfortunately doesn't provide a summary anywhere in his ...
Denis de Bernardy's user avatar
7 votes

Have any prominent Brexiteers argued for the UK to become a duty-free country (like Singapore)?

Kevin Dowd has seriously argued for it (UFT = unilateral free trade) in his IEA booklet on post-Brexit trade strategy, although simultaneously he also argues for trade deals (for UK's exports) in this ...
Dolphin 613 Motorboat's user avatar
7 votes
Accepted

Why didn't any country complain to the WTO about the car company bailouts by the U.S.?

A subsidy, in and of itself, is not contrary to WTO rules. Where it would become contrary to WTO rules is if it is designed to interfere with another country's domestic market. Examples of this, ...
Joe C's user avatar
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7 votes
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What happens to the WTO if no director-general is elected?

The selection process for the Director-General is described by the WTO here. If at the end of a consultation process to narrow the field of candidates by establishing which of them would be least ...
CDJB's user avatar
  • 106k
6 votes
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Can the UK deal selectively with Ireland post-Brexit without falling afoul of WTO rules?

This is quite speculative as this is the first I'm reading of such a possibility, but I would imagine that there are 2 encompassing reasons: A lot of the parties involved want to use the Ireland ...
Mike.C.Ford's user avatar
6 votes
Accepted

No-deal Brexit: What would be the basis for a WTO complaint if goods entering Ireland are checked at Dunkirk?

WTO rules require countries to charge everyone the same tariff, so any trade operating under WTO rules must abide by that. If checks were only done at Calais/Dunkirk but not along the Irish border, ...
user's user avatar
  • 17.7k
6 votes
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Leaving the EU without a deal and MFN rules

https://uktradeforum.net/2017/11/30/what-is-the-most-favoured-nation-clause/ That is correct, the UK will have the same terms that any other non-EU country1. Member of the World Trade Organization ...
SJuan76's user avatar
  • 31.6k
6 votes

Can imports be banned according to method of production?

Yes, but on a business level rather than an international trade level. As an example of this, the intention and implications of the UK Modern Slavery Act 2015 is discussed in this devex article. This ...
Jontia's user avatar
  • 23.9k
6 votes
Accepted

Why did Russia not lose its "most favored nation" status after the annexation of Crimea?

It is important to understand the terminology here. The World Trade Organization's members commit to treating other members equally so they can all benefit from each other's lowest tariffs, highest ...
Danila Smirnov's user avatar
5 votes

What are the disadvantages of a WTO Brexit(Clean Break)?

WTO rules are much less favourable than the deal that the UK currently has with the EU. There would be mandatory tariffs in both directions, forcing up prices. The UK would lose things like EU ...
user's user avatar
  • 17.7k
5 votes
Accepted

Does the WTO itself have any input into trade agreements?

No. The WTO as an organisation doesn't make decisions. Countries do not delegate decision making power to the WTO as an organisation, a 'forum' is a pretty good description, if one is only talking ...
Nathan Cooper's user avatar

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