Sep
24
comment Is NHS reliance on foreign doctors typical?
@Fizz Also I think the point chirlu was making is that nowadays most people with higher education have enough English speaking skills to get by. So a Greek person would have a much easier time in the UK or Ireland than in Germany, for example. I can tell by experience that I already make sure that I'm going into an English speaking environment when considering job offers. It takes a lot of effort and time to learn a new language. English is the easy choice when applying internationally.
Sep
24
comment Is NHS reliance on foreign doctors typical?
@Fizz The second link in the answer points to a query ("Foreign trained doctors by country of origin") for the OECD.stat database. This includes EU and non-EU for any country available. Choose the country at the top of the table.
Jul
30
answered How do export restrictions help domestic market and national production?
Jul
26
comment How is justice supposed to work for the president of the United States?
@zibadawatimmy I think it's certainly possible to answer this question regarding what the law says about it. Politically it's also possible to comment on what happened in countries where that "Rubicon" has been crossed (Portugal, France, Romania, etc.). I just don't think there is a definitive answer. But that is not a reason to close the question.
Jul
26
comment How is justice supposed to work for the president of the United States?
There's Rubicon that was never crossed in the US. AFAIK no sitting, or former US President has ever been criminally prosecuted. The one that came closest, Nixon, was pardoned by the succeeding President. So, although legal articles can be presented to support or dismiss a position regarding this subject, I would argue that the answer to your question is pretty much Terra Incognita at this point.
Jul
26
comment Does the host country have a say in an unrecognised state establishing a representative office?
@o.m. I mentioned Germany because the OP used Germany and Abkhazia as an example. But it has also apprehended individuals accused of working for a foreign power in the recent past. You likely remember the quarrel with the US just a few years ago. Also, notice that even regarding foreign groups things are not clear cut. AFAIK the brawl with the church of scientology continues to this day. (info)
Jul
25
comment Does the host country have a say in an unrecognised state establishing a representative office?
@o.m. Ok and agreed. But I fail to see if you're just sharing that information or if this somehow invalidates the answer. If the problem is using the US as example, you can also consider the very recent examples of Salvini being called to respond in parliament, the Austrian coalition falling after the Ibiza scandal, the National Front funding, Arron Banks being investigated, and so on, and so forth. The actions themselves were not illegal, but the interference from a foreign government is.
Jul
25
comment Does the host country have a say in an unrecognised state establishing a representative office?
@o.m. Agreed but that is not the OP question. It's one thing to have the cultural association of Abkhazia or the association for the rights of the Abkhazian people, and another to have a diplomatic mission from Abkhazia (official or not). Again a good example would be the one from Maria Butina (linked above). She presented herself as a gun-rights activist. The US saw her as a foreign agent. I'm not going to debate if the reasons for her arrest are valid or not but according to the US her crime was not registering as a foreign agent while her "activism" was being direct by a foreign power.
Jul
25
comment Political barriers to UNPOL activities?
Not an answer; but UNPOL participates in peacekeeping missions, which requires approval from the security council. Notice the UN is not a politically strong organization. There is a lot of infighting and concerns about the loss of lives. I think it would require a far more developed organization to do what you seem to be suggesting (see this article). In any case there is already an advisory mission in Honduras.
Jul
25
comment Does the host country have a say in an unrecognised state establishing a representative office?
@o.m. True, but almost all would be covered, at least, by international law, specifically dealing with non-intervention or non-interference (for example UN charter 2.4). A citizen lobbying for a foreign power is still considered a foreign agent, regardless of the actions. Two people doing exactly the same thing but with different objectives have different legal consequences. Mens rea or intention applies. Whistleblower's are a notable example.
Jul
24
comment Does the host country have a say in an unrecognised state establishing a representative office?
@SJuan76 I agree. This is why I've only quoted articles regarding the consent of the host nation. Otherwise these persons would be considered undeclared foreign agents with no diplomatic immunity, and susceptible to any laws within that nation (lobbying, foreign interference, etc.). To give an example, a notable recent case is the one from Maria Butina in the US. She was literally charged for being an unregistered foreign agent.
Jul
24
comment Why did EU sign a free-trade deal with Vietnam?
In conjunction to the answers already given, notice that the EU is very prolific in signing trade agreements (likely the biggest trading block today). It's really a matter of policy and it was aptly named The Trade for All strategy. There is a sustainable development component to is, although the effectiveness of these deals in social justice and democracy is yet to be determined.
Jul
24
answered Does the host country have a say in an unrecognised state establishing a representative office?
Jul
23
answered Is there a study that measures the effectiveness of lotteries in increasing VAT revenue?
Jul
23
comment Is there a study about the European prime ministers profiles?
It's named leadership analysis and there are several studies about different EU PM/Presidents/Chancellor/etc. (historical or current). See Esch, 2015, or Karboo & Hermann, 1998. Yet I'm not aware of any large scale study regarding current EU PMs. You might also wan't to try the Political Compass or You Vote EU.
Jul
18
comment Have there been any attempts by the rest of the world to sanction the US in the last years?
The notion of "sanction" is fuzzy. That is to say that some sanctions look remarkably similar to economic devices (like tarifs). So when a country uses the expression "sanction" it is usually implied a certain level of hostility and it rarely happens between allies (as opposed to economic devices, like tarifs). Moreover, the great majority of sanctions are applied unilaterally, without UN consent. That being said, although not mentioned out loud, the protective measures to try to protect the nuclear deal by the EU to detriment of the US are in the sanctions list.
Jul
11
awarded  Nice Answer
Jul
10
comment Could the US President force Britain to recall Ambassador Kim Darroch?
INFO: The UK ambassador to the US has just resigned.
Jun
20
revised Will the DUP agree to a Northern Ireland Referendum?
Added the link to the source of the image and poll mentioned in the answer.
Jun
14
comment How did the European Union reach the figure of 3% as a maximum allowed deficit?
Economically it has likely little value. Politically it has an important consequence. You see, when a country exceeds the 3% limit it won't automatically be sanctioned. What happens is that an Excessive Deficit Procedure is opened. Most times this will be abrogated, but the fact that it exists implies that the reasons for the deficit need be investigated by an external party.