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As United States continues to augment sanctions against North Korea, is there a point where all avenues are theoretically exhausted for further sanctioning?

It always surprises me when a US President threatens or announces more sanctions on North Korea. What business could possibly have been allowed under the sanctions already in place?

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    Obligatory comment (cite: Stratfor): most of the purpose of sanctions is optics - to show that you are Doing Something when you don't want to resort to force. – user4012 Nov 29 '17 at 20:10
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    I think a lot of what the USA is trying to exert pressure upon are not US-specific sanctions, but putting pressure on other nations that are still trading partners with North Korea to start or increase sanctions. We're kind of at the level of second-hand sanctions (I'll sanction you if you don't sanction them). – PoloHoleSet Nov 29 '17 at 20:19
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What's left available to the US is the remaining pressure that China can place on DPRK. From earlier today:

“Just spoke to President XI JINPING of China concerning the latest provocative actions of North Korea,” Trump tweeted. “Additional major sanctions will be imposed on North Korea today..." source

China has ramped up sanctions as well the last few months, but it has stopped short of cutting off its energy supply to the country or completely banning North Korean exports. Outside of some shady alleged energy trading with Russia, North Korea is almost completely dependent on China for energy. China has been unwilling to crack down on North Korea to the extent the US would like because if the DPRK becomes a failed state then China will have not only a dangerous and unpredictable situation at their doorstep but also a massive refugee crisis on their hands.

The US is hoping that the North Korean launching of an ICBM is enough to persuade China to play one of their trump cards (no pun intended).

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